Please note: The course descriptions displayed here are current as of Monday, April 24, 2017, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

HIST 101
Introduction to Historical Methods

An introduction to the practical skills of doing history aimed at freshmen and sophomores planning to major in history and others seriously interested in learning how to navigate the waters of historical study. Emphasis is on acquiring the techniques current historians use to research into the past, making sense of their findings, and presenting them to others in a variety of media. Using materials appropriate to a theme that changes from year to year, students will discover how to do a thorough bibliographical search of all major genres of historical works, to find and interpret primary sources, and master the basic historical essay. Units: 6.

BIOL 103
Biotechnology and Society

An examination of basic biological principles underlying current biotechnology in the fields of human genetics and genetic engineering. Discussion of methods of basic scientific research, the impact of technology on society, and ethical problems in human and agricultural genetics. Credit not applicable to biology major. Weekly laboratories will introduce basic experimental methodology and procedures. Units: 6.

PHYS 107
Physics of Music

Explores the relationship between physics and music, covering such topics as vibrations, waves, interference, resonance, wave forms, scales and temperament, physics of musical instruments, characteristics of auditoriums, impact of electronics. Weekly laboratory. Units: 6.

CHEM 108
The Chemistry of Art

A study of the chemistry underlying topics of interest to artists and art historians. Topics may include: papermaking; pigments, dyes, and binders; photography; glass and ceramics; metals; and printmaking. The course is designed for all students. Combined lecture and laboratory. Units: 6.

PHYS 112
Energy Technology, Society, and the Environment

Explores energy production, storage, and usage as they are currently practiced. Certain emerging technologies will also be addressed. Environmental and socio-economic impact will be discussed in the context of limitations imposed by the laws of physics. Units: 6.
Also listed as Environmental Studies 115

EDST 180
Psychology of Learning

An investigation of how people learn. This course examines learning theories (e.g., behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, constructivist) and their implications for the educational process in schools. Other topics include learning and the brain, the nature of expertise, the design of learning environments, and approaches to instruction that promote meaningful learning. Practicum of 20 hours required. Units: 6.
Also listed as Psychology 180

ARHI 204
Roman Art

A study of the art and architecture of the Etruscans and the Romans to the end of the Roman empire. Topics include the funerary arts of the Etruscans, the art and archaeology of Pompeii and Herculaneum, developments in imperial portraiture and historical relief, technological innovations in architecture, and the beginnings of Christian art. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ARHI 100 or sophomore standing
Also listed as Classics 350

CHEM 210
Analytical Chemistry

A course in the quantitative description of chemical equilibria in solution (acid-base, complexation, redox, solubility) using classical, separation, electrochemical, and spectrochemical methods of analysis. This course covers methods of quantification, statistics, and data analysis as applied to modern chemistry. Students will have the opportunity to individually design projects. Three lectures and two laboratory periods per week. Units: 6. Prerequisite: CHEM 116, placement exam, or consent of instructor
Also listed as Environmental Studies 250

GEOL 210
History of the Earth and Life

A study of the physical, chemical, and organic evolution of the Earth since its origin 4.5 billion years ago, with emphasis on times of change and crisis. The course also examines the evolution of ideas about Earth’s history, illustrating how science and culture are inherently entangled. Units: 6. Prerequisite: GEOL 110
Also listed as Environmental Studies 230

ARHI 211
Splendor & Power: Byzantine Art

Surveys the art and architecture of the Byzantine Empire, including mosaics, metalwork, icons, manuscripts, textiles, and other arts. Emphasizes the transition from classical Roman society, the patronage of Byzantine political figures, the profound importance of religion for the arts, and international contacts, especially with western Europe and the Islamic world. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ARHI 100 or sophomore standing

PHYS 216
Apocalypses: The Earth, The Solar System, and the Universe

This course explores the questions of endings—of the Universe, Solar System, Earth and Life—and how these can be addressed through the methods of astronomy, physics, and geology. Topics considered include environmental and planetary catastrophes, the late evolution of the Earth and the Sun, and the cosmological fate of the Universe. Apocalypses is intended as a bookend to the Origins course (PHYS 212/BIOL 212/GEOL 215). Units: 6. Prerequisite: Introductory course in any two different natural sciences; at least one intermediate course in a natural science; sophomore standing
Also listed as Geology 216

ANTH 220
Research Methods in Archaeology

Presents the research process in archaeology and offers an overview of essential data-collection and analysis techniques, including site survey and excavation, settlement pattern analysis, lithic analysis, and ceramic analysis. Students will take part in field research. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ANTH 120
Also listed as Environmental Studies 260

ANTH 222
Historic Preservation Theory and Practice

Historic preservation endeavors to identify and conserve historic objects, properties, and landscapes. It has become a focal task for many anthropologists today. This course introduces students to the basic theory of historic preservation, the laws guiding practice, and the techniques used by historic preservation professionals. Units: 6.

BIOL 230
General Ecology

An introduction to the interactions between organisms and the environment, exploring the role of physical, chemical, and biotic processes, including human activities, in determining the structure and function of populations, communities, and ecosystems. Topics include resource availability, competition, predation, symbiosis, and natural and anthropogenic disturbances such as disease, biological invasions, pollution, and climate change. Lecture and laboratory. Units: 6.
Also listed as Environmental Studies 220

ARHI 240
19th Century Art: From Romanticism to Post-Impressionism

A study of the development of 19th-century European art that traces the emergence of movements such as Romanticism, Realism, and Impressionism. Readings and class discussion consider how political instability, industrialization, imperialism, and the growth of popular culture influenced production, style, and presentation of painting and sculpture. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ARHI 102 or sophomore standing

ART 240
New Media in Art

An introduction to new media within a fine art context. Digital photography, experimental video, sound, photo book design, and blogging are covered as students use the Internet as a venue for presenting projects. The evolution of technology, new media theory, contemporary art discourse, and visual culture are examined through projects, readings, lectures, demonstrations, discussions, critiques, and visiting artist presentations. Mac-based. When scheduled on Tuesday-Thursday, class will dismiss early for University Convocations. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ART 100 or ART 110
Also listed as Film Studies 240

GEOL 240
Chemistry of the Earth: Low-Temperature Environments

An introduction to the geochemical processes at the Earth¿s surface. Emphasis is placed on how chemical processes such as thermodynamics, phase equilibria, and oxidation-reduction reactions shape the Earth surface and near-surface environments. Units: 6. Prerequisite: GEOL 110 and CHEM 115; concurrent enrollment in GEOL 245
Also listed as Environmental Studies 240

ARHI 244
American Art

An examination of American art, 1776-1940. This course considers the growth of landscape, genre, and history painting, as well as portraiture, in the context of changing ideas about nationalism, class, race, and gender. Architecture and sculpture are also discussed in terms of how visual culture shaped early ideas about nationhood. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ARHI 102 or sophomore standing

ART 245
InterArts: New Media Projects

Digital media are used to explore the relationship between art and knowledge. Lectures, discussions, readings, and critiques will investigate contemporary art practices and interdisciplinarity. Conceptual-development, planning and production will be covered as students work individually or collaboratively on video, performance, installation, and web projects. Mac-based. When scheduled on Tuesday-Thursday, class will dismiss early for University Convocations. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ART 100 or ART 110, or consent of instructor
Also listed as Film Studies 245

GEOL 245
Mineralogical Analysis

This course serves as an introduction to mineralogical analyses. Students will utilize a variety of analytical techniques including Polarized Light Microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Scanning Electron Microscopy to study crystallography and mineral chemistry. Students will use these tools to analyze a variety of geological samples including rocks, soils, and sediments. Intended to be taken simultaneously with GEOL 240. Units: 3. Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in GEOL 240/ENST 240

ARHI 246
19th-Century Art, Design, and Society in Britain

In the 19th century, Britain was at the height of her imperial and industrial powers, with a burgeoning middle class with increased spending power. Against this background, this course examines the painting (including Turner, Constable, the Pre-Raphaelites, the High Victorians), architecture, furniture, and interiors of the period, utilizing the wealth of examples in London’s museums, galleries, and buildings. Offered at the London Centre. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Must be attending the Lawrence London Centre.

GEOL 250
Chemistry of the Earth: High-Temperature Environments

Introduction to the chemical processes that form igneous and metamorphic rocks, with emphasis on how mineralogical, chemical, and isotopic clues can be used to gather information about Earth’s early history and its inaccessible interior. One lab per week. Units: 6. Prerequisite: GEOL 110 and CHEM 116; GEOL 240 and GEOL 245

ARHI 270
Latin American Visual Art (in English)

The course introduces the cultures of Latin America through a survey of its major movements and artists from the early 19th century to the present. Image-based lectures will be accompanied by discussion of visual and thematically related texts (i.e., biographies, letters, scholarly articles) and carefully selected fragments of videos. Taught in English. Units: 6.
Also listed as Spanish 426

ARHI 275
Latin American Visual Art

The course introduces the cultures of Latin America through a survey of its major movements and artists from the early 19th century to the present. Image-based lectures will be accompanied by discussion of visual and thematically related texts (i.e., biographies, letters, scholarly articles) and carefully selected fragments of videos. Units: 6. Prerequisite: One 300-level course in Spanish or consent of instructor
Also listed as Spanish 425

ENST 300
Symposium on Environmental Topics

The heart of this course is an annual symposium organized around a well-defined topic with both scientific and policy components — e.g., nuclear waste disposal, global warming. Each year, two or three nationally recognized experts on the selected topic are brought to campus. In the weeks before a visit by one of the major speakers, students, together with environmental studies faculty, read and discuss papers suggested by the speaker. The speakers meet with students in the seminar following their public lecture, providing students with an opportunity to interact directly with scientists and policy makers at the forefront of environmental issues.

Topic for Fall 2016: Environmental Challenges of Africa
In this symposium, students will learn about the environmental challenges facing African countries and peoples. While a "challenge" is similar to a "problem" in that the existence of one suggests an unmet need or even perhaps a crisis, the definition of a challenge is different. A problem can be defined but not solved, while a challenge, once defined, cries out for some method of meeting it. Thus, in this course, we will examine major environmental challenges facing Africa and then consider different ways of meeting them. Possible topics for projects include the following: water scarcity, deforestation, desertification, mining/natural resource exploitation, wildlife conservation, urban pollution, e-waste, population issues, land use (including agriculture).
Topic for Spring 2017: Urban Agriculture
An exploration of the urban agriculture movement including readings, guest speakers, field trips, and hands-on learning on our own urban farm (aka SLUG). Class is discussion based with a group final project and 5hrs of service learning per week expected. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ENST 150, sophomore standing

ARHI 315
Introduction to the Art Museum: History, Issues, and Practices

Introduction to art museums and exhibitions as objects of critical inquiry, and to issues and practices in the art museum field. Topics will include: history and evolution of collecting and display; museum exhibitions and knowledge formation; collection practices and ethics; exhibition theory and design; controversies, institutional critique, and the artist-as-curator. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 315

ARHI 320
Contemporary Art

A study of art since 1960. Students will examine art works and the theories and strategies that have informed their production. Topics include: gender and ethnicity, new materials and processes, site-specific and time-based works, and alternative venues and approaches toward exhibition. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ARHI 102, ARHI 242, or consent of instructor

ANTH 322
Archaeology of North America

An introduction to the ancient peoples of North America from the initial colonists to the peoples who encountered European colonists some 13,000 years later. Special emphasis is given to the ancient inhabitants of the Great Lakes region. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ANTH 120

ANTH 326
Bizarrchaeology

Much of the public’s interest in archaeology focuses on “mysteries” of the past or allegedly “unexplainable” phenomena. Since the past is largely impossible to know, it is easy to uncritically fill it with products of the imagination rather than products of ancient peoples. This course examines some of these “imaginary” pasts and the practice of creating them. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ANTH 120

ANTH 328
Ethics in Archaeology: Who owns the past?

An exploration of ethical and legal concerns surrounding archaeology: the ownership and treatment of archaeological remains and relations between archaeologists and descendent communities. Topics include the ethics and legality of collecting looting, and the antiquities market; archaeology and nationalism; repatriation of skeletons and artifacts; and professional responsibilities of archaeologists. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and ANTH 120, an ARHI course (preferably ancient to Renaissance), or consent of instructor
Also listed as Art History 325, Classics 368

ANTH 350
Indians of North America

A cultural study of the Indians of North America, including examination of the impact of European ideas and technology on Indian societies. Emphasis on environmental adaptations, levels of social and cultural complexity, problems of historical interpretation, and the methods and theories of ethnology and their applications to North American cultures. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ANTH 110
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 330

HIST 385
History of the Book

To provide an introduction to the interdisciplinary field of Book History, which should help students think more critically about the impact of material culture on intellectual activity. The course will be taught as a speaking intensive seminar, which means that students will frequently be responsible for presenting reading material and leading discussion in the first half of class. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of the instructor.
Also listed as English 527

ARHI 400
Topics in Ancient Art

An examination of a particular topic in ancient art history. Students are expected to carry out independent research. The topic will change periodically. Course may be repeated with the consent of the instructor. Units: 6. Prerequisite: One 200- or 300-level course in art history, one course in classics, or consent of the instructor.
Also listed as Classics 540

ARHI 420
Topics in Medieval and Renaissance Art

An examination of a particular topic in medieval or Renaissance art history. The topic will change periodically. Course may be repeated when the topic is different. Students are expected to carry out an independent research project that will serve as preparation for ARHI 680. Units: 6. Prerequisite: One 200- or 300-level course in art history, or consent of the instructor

ARHI 440
Topics in Modern and Contemporary Art

An examination of a particular topic in modern or contemporary art history. The topic will change periodically. Course may be repeated when topic is different. Students are expected to carry out an independent research project that will serve as preparation for ARHI 680.

Topic for Winter 2017: The Artist's City
Cities are dynamic centers of artistic, political, and social action. This seminar explores architectural design, depictions of cities, and art activism from the nineteenth century to today to consider how artists have experienced and acted within the metropolis and what it might mean to belong to a community. Units: 6. Prerequisite: One 200- or 300-level course in art history, or consent of instructor

ECON 450
Economics of the Firm

Even in a “market” economy, the preponderance of economic activity is carried out through firms and other organizations. The course examines economic theories of the firm, and explores some of the canonical questions, such as why are there firms, how the separation of ownership and control of a firm shapes decision making, what determines the boundary between organizations and markets (e.g., make-or-buy decisions), what types of firms are most innovative, and how new technologies affect organizational structure. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ECON 300 or GOVT 271

EDST 450
Topics in Education Studies

This seminar explores issues in contemporary education. Topics vary by term and focus on controversies or innovations in educational systems, practices, and policy or in the relations between school and society. May be repeated when topic is different. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and one course in education studies or instructor approval

ARHI 480
Topics in Art History

An examination of a particular topic in art history that does not fit the chronological format of the other 400-level topics seminars in art history. Course may be repeated when topic is different. Units: 6. Prerequisite: One 200- or 300-level course in art history or consent of instructor

ANTH 500
Topics in Anthropology

An examination of a particular topic in contemporary anthropology. The specific topic investigated changes each year. Students are expected to carry out independent research on the topic, either through a review of relevant literature or through field or laboratory work.

Topic for Fall 2016: Anthropology of Migrants and Refugees
This course focuses on social groups of migrants and refugees who voluntarily or involuntarily leave their country and cultures of origin, while considering the global processes of displacement. It examines how migrants and refugees experience displacement and its impact on core concepts of culture such as enculturation, assimilation, adaptation, acculturation, and notions of cultural identity and citizenship. It also examines the phenomenon of displacement as a demographic dimension of globalization—high levels of movement of peoples across national boundaries, an increase in the number of countries affected by migrants and refugees, and the increase in number of multiethnic and multicultural societies.

Topic for Winter 2017: Disability and Culture
Disability is a social and lived category fundamental to human experience. This advanced seminar draws from experiential, reflexive, phenomenological, and critical approaches in cultural and medical anthropology to cross-culturally explore the subjectivities of perceived physical and mental disabilities in both local and global worlds. Topics will include: autism, learning disabilities, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, chronic pain, d/Deaf culture, and other categories of social impairment.

Topic for Spring 2017: Natives and Newcomers in Northeast Wisconsin
This course examines the American Indian cultures of Northeast Wisconsin during the late prehistoric and early historic periods, focusing on the time of first contact between Indians and Europeans. After a survey of American Indian cultures in the region, the course explores the impacts of European contact on both the natives and the newcomers, and considers how those impacts continue to resonate today. The fields of archaeology, ethnohistory, ethnography, and museum studies will all be engaged. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and at least two courses in anthropology or consent of instructor

ANTH 520
Topics in Archaeology

An examination of a particular topic in contemporary archaeological research. The specific topic investigated changes each year. Students are expected to carry out independent research on the topic, either through a review of relevant literature or through field or laboratory work.

Topic for Spring 2017: The Neolithic Revolution
Neolithization, the shift from hunting and gathering or foraging to agriculture and animal husbandry, which began ca. 10,000 years ago, was the last major change in humankind’s subsistence economy. The shift had significant ramifications in all areas of culture (economic, social, political, religious, and linguistic). It also was caused by and led to great changes in the environment, and perhaps even in our DNA. The seminar will investigate these changes and the different mechanisms and models of Neolithization in different parts of the world. Units: 6. Prerequisite: ANTH 120 and junior standing or consent of instructor

ART 600
Studio Art Senior Seminar

Intended to serve as a capstone experience for students in studio art, this course is designed to complement and work in conjunction with the student’s preparations for the Senior Exhibition. It will cover the practical concerns relevant to working as a professional artist along with current issues pertinent to the contemporary art world. When scheduled on Tuesday-Thursday, class will dismiss early for University Convocations. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Senior standing and declared major in Studio Art or consent of the instructor

BIOL 650
Biology Senior Capstone

Senior capstone in which students will benefit from direct input and feedback on their scientific writing and oral presentation skills as they complete senior experience projects and papers. Successful completion of BIOL 650 includes participation in BioFest, a symposium of biology senior experience projects during spring term. Units: 1 OR 5. Prerequisite: Major in biology or biochemistry, or in neuroscience with departmental approval; and senior class standing or departmental approval

ARHI 660
Methods of Art History

This course will examine the theories and methods practiced in art history. It will concentrate on key texts, from antiquity to the present, relating to the history and criticism of art and visual culture. Readings will include authors and texts that have come to define the discipline, and more recent authors who have begun to challenge those defining texts. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and three courses in ARHI numbered 200 or above, or consent of instructor

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