Please note: The course descriptions displayed here are current as of Thursday, May 28, 2015, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

HIST 101
Introduction to Historical Methods

An introduction to the practical skills of doing history aimed at freshmen and sophomores planning to major in history and others seriously interested in learning how to navigate the waters of historical study. Emphasis is on acquiring the techniques current historians use to research into the past, making sense of their findings, and presenting them to others in a variety of media. Using materials appropriate to a theme that changes from year to year, students will discover how to do a thorough bibliographical search of all major genres of historical works, to find and interpret primary sources, and master the basic historical essay. Units: 6.

HIST 105
Cross-Cultural Interactions Along the Silk Road, 200 BCE - 1400 CE

The so-called "Silk Road" was the world's first superhighway, linking East Asia to the Mediterranean. The peoples along the way not only traded luxury goods, but also ideas, technology, and more. This course offers a thematic examination of the dynamic, cross-cultural interactions along the ancient and medieval Silk Road. Units: 6.

HIST 110
The Emergence of the Modern World

An introduction to world history from 500 to 1750. Attention to global change through the emergence of world systems, as well as the development of worldwide commercial and colonial empires. Thematic focus on the nature of cross-cultural relations and the dynamics of power and resistance. Special emphasis on analysis of documents and historical interpretations. (G&C or E) Units: 6.

HIST 115
The Modern World

An introductory examination of the development of modern global civilization from the end of the 18th century to the early 21st century, surveying the final modernization of the West through successive waves of political, industrial, and social revolutions and exploring the worldwide reaction to the spread of modern mass society brought about by Western efforts at global domination. Special emphasis on analysis of documents and historical interpretations. (G&C or E) Units: 6.

HIST 120
Africa to 1800

An introductory survey of African history to 1800. The course focuses on problems of the environment, the organization of society, foreign trade and influence, state building, and maintaining non-state forms of governance. Topics include African kingdoms and empires, migration, Islam, and the trade in enslaved Africans. Special emphasis on how historians use archaeology, linguistics, and oral traditions to reconstruct African history. (G&C) Units: 6.

HIST 125
Modern Africa Since 1800

The history of Africa from the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade to the present. We will discuss the effects of abolition on Africa, the nature of pre-colonial African societies on the eve of conquest, the European "Scramble for Africa," the colonial era, African nationalism and decolonization, and the post-colonial period. Themes will cover social, political, economic, and religious history. (G&C) Units: 6.
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 120

HIST 130
Colonies to Republic: British North America, 1607-1789

A survey of North American history from the arrival of the first European voyagers through establishment of the Republic in 1789. Emphasis on the major political, intellectual, social, and economic changes of the period and on the nature of historical inquiry and analysis. (NA) Units: 6.

HIST 131
Republic to Nation: The United States, 1789-1896

A study of the major social, political, economic, and intellectual developments in American society from 1789 through 1896. Topics include the industrialization of the economy, the diversification of the population, the democratization of American politics, and the evolution of an American character. (NA) Units: 6.

HIST 132
Nation in a Modern World: The United States, 1896-Present

An examination of reform, dissent, and protest in the United States as it passed through eras of economic transformation, social crises, technological revolution, and international confrontation. Emphasis on domestic history, including the reforms of the Progressive-Great Depression eras, the Civil Rights Movement, and civil protest during the Vietnam period. (NA) Units: 6.

HIST 135
American Indian History: Pre-Contact to 1830

An introductory survey exploring American Indian history from the period preceding contact with African and Europeans to the era of removal. Focuses on the social, cultural, political and economic diversity of native peoples and their experiences with European colonialism. (NA) Units: 6.
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 135

HIST 136
American Indian History 1830 to the Present

This is an introductory survey exploring American Indian history from the removal era to the present. This course explores the social, political, and economic challenges Native people faced as a result of American expansion and colonialism. It focuses on the ways in which American Indian communities transformed in response to these changes, as well as their persistence and integrity as tribal nations in the present. (NA) Units: 6.
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 136

HIST 140
Gender and Feminism in Historical Perspective

A comparative world history of both gender relations and the emergence of a feminist consciousness within the past 500 years. Case studies drawn from different regions of the world will precede the examination of the emergence of a global feminism in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Topics will include the social roles of men and women, ideas about masculinity and femininity, understandings of sexual orientation, forms of systematic subordination, and the politics of modern feminisms. (G&C) Units: 6.
Also listed as Gender Studies 110

HIST 145
Introduction to the Middle East

Provides an introduction to the history, geography and politics of the Middle East. General themes include the historical timeline, geographic characteristics, and political systems of the region. Additionally, students will pair primary source materials with traditional secondary texts to study specific thematic components such as terrorism, religion, and gender. (G&C) Units: 6.

HIST 150
Stuart England, 1603-1715

This course explores the causes and impact of the English Civil War, the effect of the Restoration, the Glorious Revolution, and the path to the Hanoverian Succession. The economics, politics, religion, social history, and cultural aspects of the period are also studied. Visits to museums and buildings of the period are included. (E) Offered at the London Centre. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Must be attending the Lawrence London Centre.

HIST 160
Traditional East Asian Civilization, 1800 B.C.-1600

An introductory survey of East Asia from the dawn of indigenous civilization to the 16th century. Focus on the growth of a Sinitic center and its interaction with the sedentary and nomadic peoples on its Inner Asian and Pacific rims. Emphasis on the diverse peoples and societies of the area and the historical processes that bound them together through a common tradition. (G&C) Units: 6.
Also listed as East Asian Studies 140, Ethnic Studies 121

HIST 165
Modern East Asian Civilization, 1600-1990

An introductory survey of the modern history of East Asia, examining the efforts of traditional states, particularly China and Japan, to respond to Western intrusion into the region after 1600. Focus on social and cultural problems created by attempts to modernize yet defend tradition and on the differing results of Chinese and Japanese approaches. (G&C) Units: 6.
Also listed as East Asian Studies 150

HIST 178
Colonial Latin American History

An introduction to the creation and rule of Colonial Latin America between the 15th and 19th centuries. Emphasis is on the patterns of conquest and cultural encounter, mechanisms of colonial rule, interaction between ethnic groups, and the cultural impact of the colonial experience upon Latin America’s peoples. (G&C) Units: 6.

HIST 179
Modern Latin American History, 1821-Present

An introduction to Latin America, from 1821 to the present. Focus is placed on new nations as they struggle to create themselves, and weather the challenges of external influence. Emphasis on how Latin America has developed ethnically, politically, and economically and how these factors affect its position in the world today. (G&C) Units: 6.

HIST 180
Survey of Greek History

A study of ancient Greek history from the Bronze Age to 146 B.C. Emphasis on the rise and fall of the Greek city-state as a political, societal, and cultural model. Readings include the historians Herodotus and Thucydides. (E) Units: 6.
Also listed as Classics 150

HIST 185
Survey of Roman History

A study of the history of Rome from its origins through the Republic and Empire to 410 A.D. Emphasis on political and cultural developments and the acquisition of empire. Readings may include Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius, and the Historia Augusta. (E) Units: 6.
Also listed as Classics 160

HIST 191
Directed Study in History

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 195
Internship in History

An opportunity for students to gain experience in public history. Students might work for a museum, historic site, government agency or archive, including the Lawrence University Archives. Arranged under the direction of an instructor in the department in accordance with the guidelines for academic internships as stated in the course catalog. The academic component of the internship includes readings related to the substance of the internship, discussions with the faculty supervisor, and a written report appropriate to the discipline. Course grades are based on this academic work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required

HIST 200
American Experiences: An Introduction to American Studies

This course will introduce students to a pioneering interdisciplinary field. American Studies employs the disciplines of history, literature, politics, religion, art, music, film, and architecture, among others, to integrate a host of American experiences, examining “America”  as a place, a nation, a symbol, a stereotype, and a culture. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or above

HIST 201
The History of American Cities

This course examines the development of American urban centers from the colonial era to the present, focusing especially on the evolution of the physical environment, urban political economy, structures of race, class, and gender, suburbanization, and responses to the urban crisis. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 205
Cross-Cultural Contacts in the Early Modern World

Examines contacts among various peoples between 1350 and 1750. Focus on cultural or ethnic identity, the role of power in relations between groups, and theoretical problems involved in such study. Examples include ancient and medieval cultural contacts, European settlement in North and South America, the African slave trade, and contacts among the peoples of Southeast Asia, India, China, and Japan. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 207
The Atlantic World

Between 1400 and 1800 the peoples living on the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean forged personal, cultural, economic, and political relationships which tied Africa, Europe, and the Americas into an integrated “Atlantic World.” This course investigates those connections and contemplates the usefulness of the Atlantic World as a concept. (G&C or NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 215
Atlantic Slave Trade

An examination of the Atlantic trade in enslaved Africans from its beginning in the 15th century to its eventual abolition in the 19th century. Topics include ideas of slavery in Europe and Africa; the development of the Atlantic trade; the economic, social, political, and religious effects of the slave trade in Africa and the Americas; the rise of racism; abolition and its aftermath. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 220

HIST 220
Gender in 20th Century Africa

An examination of the changing roles of African men and women in the 20th century. The course will focus on the rapid social transformations of the 20th century — colonialism, abolition of slavery, the spread of Christianity and Islam, urbanization, the birth of new nations — and their challenges to traditional understandings of what it meant to be a man or woman. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or some gender studies background
Also listed as Gender Studies 315

HIST 235
Periclean Athens

A study of the history of Athens from the end of the Persian Wars to the execution of Socrates (479 to 399 B.C.). A wide range of material and topics will be considered: social and political developments, warfare, empire, diplomacy, intellectual and cultural life. Emphasis on the revolution in ideas and visions of humanity that defined the golden age of classical Greece. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Classics 300

HIST 240
Augustan Rome

An introduction to ancient Rome and Roman civilization, focusing on the Age of Augustus in all its aspects: art, literature, politics, empire, law, entertainment, and society. Emphasis on the political and cultural changes that took place during this revolutionary period. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Classics 310

HIST 245
History of England to 1485

A study of the history of England (and, to a lesser degree, Scotland and Wales) from prehistoric times to the accession of the House of Tudor. Special attention to the history of London. Especially recommended for, but not limited to, students going to the London Centre. (E) Units: 6.

HIST 247
The Impact of Empire on Great Britain, 1814-1914

In 1914 the British empire contained a population of over 400 million people and was territorially the largest empire in world history. While the British spread their ideas about government, language, religion, and culture to their colonies, Britain itself was also profoundly influenced by the colonies it ruled. This course will explore aspects of the impact of the Empire on British politics, economics, society, and popular culture during the 19th century. Among the topics to be covered are the anti-slavery movement, imperialism and new imperialism, jingoism and popular culture, economic responses, and the influence of imperialism on culture and the arts. The myriad resources of London will be used to provide specific examples of how important the Empire was in shaping British identity and institutions during the 19th century. Offered at the London Centre. (G&C or E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Must be attending the Lawrence London Centre.

HIST 249
The Early Middle Ages: 400-1000 A.D.

A study of European history from the Decline of Rome and the Barbarian Invasions through the age of Viking expansion, the Ottonian Empire, and the rise of feudalism, with emphasis in intellectual, cultural, and institutional development. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 250
The High Middle Ages: Papal Revolution to Dante

A study of the High and Late Middle Ages, with emphasis upon intellectual, cultural, and institutional development, from the Papal Revolution, Scholasticism, and the Crusades through the 13th century and its changes in such concepts as time, space, and matter. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 260
Culture and Power in Renaissance Europe

A study of intellectual, artistic, and religious innovations and their relation to dynamic political and social transformations between roughly 1350 and 1550. Beginning with the concepts of rediscovery, rebirth, and renewal as expressed in the writings of Renaissance Humanists, the course will explore how a new cosmology informed changes in artistic expression, political theory and practice, production and commerce, overseas expansion, popular ritual and spectacle, gender relations, and understandings of the self. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 261
Rebellion and Discipline in Reformation Europe

An examination of the religious fragmentation of Christian Europe and its social and political aftermath from 1500 to 1715. The course will survey how revolt against the church evolved into a series of rebellions against authority — peasants against nobles, cities against overlords, and nobles against monarchs — and eventually culminated in a reassertion of social discipline through the consolidation of the state’s power, the formation of confessional orthodoxies (Lutheran, Calvinist, Catholic), an increased policing of morality, and the domestication of men’s and women’s roles in society. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 270
Europe in the Age of Revolution, 1789-1851

An examination of European history from the French Revolution through the revolutions of 1848, focusing on the socioeconomic, political, and ideological configurations that emerged out of the French and Industrial Revolutions. Topics include the rise of liberalism, nationalism, socialism, and the modern state within their various historical contexts. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 275
Europe in the Age of Nationalism, World War, and Totalitarianism, 1851-1990

An examination of European history from the Age of National Unification through the collapse of the Soviet Empire. Topics include imperialism, the two World Wars, the Russian Revolution, fascism, totalitarianism, mass nationalism, and the reemergence of eastern and central Europe. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 221

HIST 276
Spy vs. Spy: Espionage and the Cold War

An examination of the Cold War through the lens of intelligence and espionage. Themes include the origins of the CIA and KGB, Soviet and American intelligence successes and failures, mass hysteria and popular fascination with spies, and the contribution of espionage to the Soviet collapse. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor. HIST 132 or 325 recommended

HIST 280
Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe

Witchcraft and witch-hunting in Europe between 1350 and 1750. An examination of the concepts of religion and magic and an exploration of such topics as magical practices, the relationship between heresy and magic, the evolution of witchcraft, the dynamics and demise of witch-hunting, the role of gender, and definitions of societal deviance. Readings in primary sources and modern historical and anthropological scholarship. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 281
Thinking About Harry Potter

A course in contemporary history focusing upon Harry Potter as a cultural phenomenon. Students with an already copious knowledge of J.K. Rowling’s stories will further explore them in terms of their relation to history, legend, and myth; their contested aesthetic merit and ethical values; and their broader social and political implications. Units: 6.

HIST 290
Modern European Thought I, 1500-1800

A close examination of 17th- and 18th-century intellectual trends (during the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment) that influenced the epistemological, scientific, and political assumptions of the modern world. Works by such authors as Galileo, Bacon, Descartes, Hobbes, Newton, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Goethe, and Wollstonecraft will trace the displacement of divine authority by human authority as the basis of knowledge in what some modern philosophers have called the “Quest for Certainty” that followed the 16th century. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 291
Modern European Thought II, 1789-present

An examination of modern thought focusing on the problem of self and society since the late 18th century. Topics include individualism and individuality, “economic man,” socialism, feminism, fascism, existentialism, and post-modernism. Readings from Adam Smith, J. S. Mill, Dostoevsky, Marx, Freud, Woolf, and Foucault. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 295
Nationalism in Modern History

An examination of the idea and the reality of nationalism in modern history. Among the questions we will ask are: Is nationalism a modern phenomenon, or does it have pre-modern origins? Is it compatible with democracy and human rights or fundamentally hostile to them? Is it primarily a European phenomenon transplanted to other places, or are there indigenous roots of nationalism throughout the world? We will attempt to answer these questions by reading theoretical works on nationalism from a variety of disciplines and by examining historical case studies. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 223

HIST 300
Reel Men: Masculinity in American Film, 1945-2000

Focusing on an array of well-known American films — “The Maltese Falcon,” “Red River,” “Dr. Strangelove,” “McCabe and Mrs. Miller,” “Chinatown,” “Die Hard,” and “American Beauty” among them — the course will integrate film theory, gender theory, and American history to address the problem of how masculinity has been constructed in American culture since World War II. Not open to students who have previously received, or need to receive, credit for HIST 400. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore level or above
Also listed as Gender Studies 323, Film Studies 300

HIST 305
Film as History and History as Film

An examination, through selected films, of specific moments in European history and an examination of film itself as a source of historical interpretation. Possible “historical moments” include Medieval England, Nazi Germany, and the Holocaust, and possible films include Becket, The Triumph of the Will, and Schindler’s List. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Film Studies 305

HIST 310
Inventing Germany

Students use literary and non-fiction texts to examine German national identity as it developed from the French Revolution through Bismarck and two world wars to “reunification” in 1990. Topics include the role of Germany in Europe, the legacy of divided Germany, and diversity in German society today. Taught in English. German majors and minors may participate in a two-unit tutorial in which discussions and some course readings will be in German. (E) Units: 6.
Also listed as German 359

HIST 311
The Holocaust in German Culture (in English)

This course focuses on literary responses to the Holocaust, but it also deals with film and the issue of commemoration. After a discussion of the difficulty of representing the Holocaust, the course examines the Holocaust’s role in the construction of German-Jewish identity and its impact on post-war German culture. Taught in English. German majors and minors may participate in a two-unit tutorial in which discussions and some course readings will be in German. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as German 355

HIST 315
Empire and Nation in Russian History

The course examines the history of ethnically diverse territories referred to as “Russia” from early modern times to 1991. Themes include the formation of the Russian empire, its transformation into the Soviet Union, and its partial collapse in 1991; the meaning of “empire,” “nation,” and “ethnicity”in historical context; and the interaction of Russians with non-Russian peoples in Ukraine, the Baltic States, Central Asia, and the Caucasus. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor; HIST 320 or 325 recommended
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 320

HIST 320
Imperial Russia, 1682-1917

A history of the Russian Empire from the reign of Peter I through the revolutions of 1917. Themes include serfdom and its abolition, attempts at modernization, the emergence of political opposition to autocracy, cultural developments, and Russia’s role in the European state system. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 323
Topics in Russian History and Culture (in English)

An interdisciplinary course examining the relationship between politics and culture in Russia since the 18th century through the close analysis of a specific historical theme. Emphasis is placed on reading and discussing literary texts, historical primary sources, and, where applicable, watching films. Possible themes include: Power and Culture in the Russian Revolution, 1900-1936; The Soviet 1960s; and The Agony of Populism: Terrorism and Literature in Russia's Nineteenth Century. Not open to students who have previously received, or need to receive credit for HIST 423. (G&C)

Topic for Winter 2015: Modern Russian Thought, 1790-Present
The course examines the major intellectual trends, concerns, and debates that have animated Russian public life from 1790 to the present. We will read a variety of works, become acquainted with their authors, and learn about the historical periods when the authors lived and the pieces were written. The primary focus will be on Russian politics, economy, and society. The main aim will be to shed light on the most pressing questions of Russia’s past and present including themes such as “backwardness,” the drive to modernize, the power of the individual vs. the state and collective, democracy vs. authoritarianism (or even a third way), the role of religion and the “nationalities question” in a multi-cultural state, Russia’s relationship with the West, and the country’s place in the world. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and one course in Russian language, literature, or history
Also listed as Russian 323

HIST 325
The Soviet Union, 1917-1991

A study of the creation of a socialist state on the territory of the former Russian empire. Themes include the revolutionary origins of the state, economic modernization and social transformation, the emergence of the Stalinist political order, nationality policy, intellectual and artistic activity, and the decline and collapse of the Soviet system. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 326
The Soviet Union and the Second World War

The Soviet Union emerged as one of the key victors in the Second World War (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia). Yet the war was devastating for the country and its people and victory came at a tremendous price. This course reexamines the impact of the war on the Soviet Uion, what kind of war effort took place on the Eastern Front and in the rear of the Soviet Union, and what kind of victory was achieved. To help address the themes of the course we will read a variety of works and documents including official government documents, personal diaries, letters, and memoirs many of which until recently were either unknown or unpublished in the West. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 330
History of the American West

This course examines realities and images of the frontier/western experience from exploration and settlement of North America through the present. Included are native and immigrant groups, technology, transportation, agriculture, mining, and urbanization, as well as effects of the frontier on national character. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 222

HIST 335
Women in Early America, 1607-1860

An examination of the experiences of women in early America, focusing both on women’s lives and on the changing economic, political, and cultural roles they played in American society. Themes include women and the family, women’s religious experiences, women and industrialization, and the effects of slavery on black and white women. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Gender Studies 220

HIST 337
Microhistory: The Local and the Global in Early American History

This course explores the larger themes and questions in early American history through the historical approach of “microhistory”—the study of a specific community, institution, or individual. In the process we will also contemplate the possibilities and limits of microhistory, and craft a research project using the approach. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor

HIST 345
Race Relations in the United States, 1865-Present

An examination of relations between black and white Americans since Emancipation. Topics will include Reconstruction, the rise of Jim Crow, the Great Migrations, the Civil Rights Movement, urban unrest, and white backlash. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and HIST 132
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 321

HIST 350
The 1920s, Great Depression, and New Deal, 1920-1945

After considering the 1920s as a “new era” in American history, the course examines the impact of the Great Depression upon American institutions and attitudes, with extensive analysis of the New Deal’s domestic reform program and its creation of a national welfare state. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and HIST 132

HIST 353
The JFK Assassination in American Politics, Culture, and Memory

The assassination of John F. Kennedy, one of the 20th century's defining events, continues to exert a powerful hold on the American people. This course examines the assassination's impact on American society in the 1960s and beyond, including changes in political behavior, cultural attitudes, media practices, and international relations. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 354
History of Russian and Soviet Film

This course will introduce the student to the rich and varied tradition of Russian and Soviet cinema from the Pre-Revolutionary period to the present. Works by major filmmakers will be viewed and discussed in the context of the culture, economy, society, and politics of the time. Taught in English. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as Film Studies 354, Russian 354

HIST 355
History of the American Environment

North Americans have transformed the environment while being shaped by nature in turn. This course surveys the changing relationships between Americans and their physical environment in historical context from the 17th century to the present. Topics include the “Columbian exchange,” agriculture, urbanization, conservation, and the emergence of contemporary environmentalism. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as Environmental Studies 355

HIST 358
Race and Ethnicity in East Asia

This course will explore the use of the concepts of race and ethnicity in China and Japan to show how identity is constructed and used in forging national identity. The course will also examine transnationalism and the formation and articulation of ethnicity in East Asia. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 334, East Asian Studies 358

HIST 359
Introduction to Tibetan Culture and History

This course seeks to provide an introduction to Tibetan civlization and its history from its earliest recorded origins to the present. The course examines what civilizational forces shaped Tibet; the religious/cultural life of Tibet will be central to our study. Thematic topics, such as the economy and material culture, structures of power and legal codes will be examined in each chronological period. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as East Asian Studies 359

HIST 360
Contemporary China, 1949-2000

A discussion course on selected issues in the social and cultural history of modern China. Literature, films, documents, and historical studies are examined to explore the intimate side of personal, family, and social life and the nature and impact of social and cultural changes in 20th-century China. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor; HIST 165 recommended
Also listed as East Asian Studies 420

HIST 361
Western Encounters with China: Perceptions and Misperceptions

This course examines Western encounters with China since the thirteenth century, from Marco Polo to contemporary journalists, such as Peter Hessler. Students will analyze and assess Western perceptions and misperceptions of China through a variety of primary sources in translation and relevant secondary studies. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 371
The Rise and Fall of American Empires: The Americas, from the Beginnings Through the Conquest

A study of the Aztec, Inca, and Maya civilizations, focusing on cultural and technological development. Additional focus is on pre-columbian cultural succession, imperial expansion of the Aztec and Incan empires, and native participation in the conquest. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 374
Visions of Conquest

The creation of Colonial Latin America meant the political, cultural and spiritual reconfiguration of society on both sides of the Atlantic. In this course, we will elucidate the process of conquest through the study of historical accounts, cultural artifacts of the colonizers and colonized alike, and relevant theoretical texts. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 376
International Development in Historical Perspective

History of economic development theory, policy, and practice throughout the world since 1945. Particular focus will be given to the evolution of orthodoxy in this field, from modernization theory through dependency theory to neoliberalism, considering the performance and criticism of each. Case studies include African, Asian, and Latin American countries. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or consent of instructor.

HIST 378
Ethnicity in Latin America

Explores the coming together of distinct Native, African, and European ethnicities in Latin America, and the resulting creation of new ethnicities. We examine how race has been understood in Latin American history and how attitudes toward race have fundamentally shaped the history of the region. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing; HIST 178 or HIST 179 recommended
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 325

HIST 384
History of the Book in London

An introduction to the interdisciplinary field of the history of the book, focusing especially on London's role as a site of book production, distribution and consumption. We will work directly with manuscripts and rare books, studying the material history of books and writing techniques form early manuscripts to iPads. Offered at the London Centre. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Must be attending the Lawrence London Centre.
Also listed as English 281

HIST 385
History of the Book

To provide an introduction to the interdisciplinary field of Book History, which should help students think more critically about the impact of material culture on intellectual activity. The course will be taught as a speaking intensive seminar, which means that students will frequently be responsible for presenting reading material and leading discussion in the first half of class. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of the instructor.
Also listed as English 527

HIST 390
Tutorial Studies in History

A reading program, specially designed and implemented in consultation with an instructor. Writing is required. Students must consult in advance with the member of the department with whom they wish to work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 391
Directed Study in History

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 395
Internship in History

An opportunity for students to gain experience in public history. Students might work for a museum, historic site, government agency or archive, including the Lawrence University Archives. Arranged under the direction of an instructor in the department in accordance with the guidelines for academic internships as stated in the course catalog. The academic component of the internship includes readings related to the substance of the internship, discussions with the faculty supervisor, and a written report appropriate to the discipline. Course grades are based on this academic work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required

HIST 399
Independent Study in History

A research project organized in consultation with an instructor, culminating in a major research paper. Students must consult in advance (preferably during spring registration) with the member of the department with whom they wish to work. Students considering an honors project should register for this course. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 400
Reel Men: Masculinity in American Film, 1945-2000

At the upper level, the course will serve as a history seminar in preparation for the history department's capstone course. Those taking it at that level will be required to write at least one paper addressing film or gender theory and to write a 10-15 page research prospectus. Not open to students who have previously received credit for HIST 300. (NA) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or above
Also listed as Film Studies 400, Gender Studies 423

HIST 415
Africa in the European Imagination

This advanced seminar examines the conceptualization of Africa and Africans in modern European intellectual history. The course details how European thinkers explored issues of race and identity through their figurative and physical engagement with the African continent. Topics include travel narratives, the philosophy of slavery adn abolition, and imperialism. (G & C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 415

HIST 422
Revolt and Revolution in Latin America

This seminar investigates resistance in its many forms in Latin American history. Attention to abstract notions of “revolution”  will be complemented by evaluating how particular episodes of violent unrest in Latin America have served as the tools of both the weak and the powerful. (G&C) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and HIST 178 or 179, or consent of the instructor

HIST 423
Topics in Russian History and Culture

An interdisciplinary seminar examining the relationship between politics and culture in Russia since the 18th century through the close analysis of a specific historical theme. Emphasis is placed on reading and discussing literary texts, historical primary sources, and, where applicable, watching films. Possible themes include: Power and Culture in the Russian Revolution, 1900-1936; The Soviet 1960s; and The Agony of Populism: Terrorism and Literature in Russia's Nineteenth Century. Students in this course will be expected to complete a research paper in preparation for the History Department's senior experience and will meet periodically with the instructor for that purpose. This course fulfills the seminar requirement for history majors. Not open to students who have previously received credit for HIST 323/RUSS 323. Fulfills seminar requirement. (G&C) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and either History 320 or 325, or consent of instructor.

HIST 430
Society and the Sexes in Pre-Industrial Europe

A seminar, organized topically, exploring changing gender definitions, economic and social roles, family structures and functions, and styles of intimacy from 1000 to 1800. A variety of primary sources and scholarly interpretations examined. (E) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Gender Studies 415

HIST 431
Violence in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

A chronological and thematic examination of the understandings, uses, and effects of violence between roughly 1000 and 1800. Structured loosely around changing distinctions between licit and illicit forms of violence, the course will explore the transition from reliance upon self-help to well-articulated systems of jurisdiction at different levels of society. Topics will include warfare (feud, conflict among states, mercenaries, standing armies), jurisprudence (interrogation, torture, public execution), revolt (riot, rebellion), and interpersonal violence (criminal behavior, retribution). Readings will include a wide variety of documentary materials and scholarship. (E) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor

HIST 435
Nazism and Stalinism in Comparative Perspective

This course examines the political, social, and cultural histories of two of the 20th century’s most notorious regimes. We will seek to determine what they had in common and, in doing so, answer the question, “What is totalitarianism?”  (E or G&C) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and HIST 115 or 325, or consent of instructor

HIST 440
Themes in European Intellectual History, 1789-present

A seminar in the history of ideas, focusing on one of several topics that shift periodically. Possible topics include the concept of freedom in French thought since the Revolution and the rise of post-modernism in 20th-century Europe. (E) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and HIST 115 or consent of instructor

HIST 460
The Era of the American Revolution

A chronological and a topical approach to the causes, events, and consequences of the American Revolution. Narrative, fiction, film, and methodological sources are used to consider questions such as: Was the American Revolution revolutionary?; What were the economic and social motives behind the war?; and How different was American society after the war? Fulfills seminar requirement. (NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: History 130 or consent of instructor

HIST 465
Mestizos, Métis, and Mulattos: Mixed-Race People in the Atlantic World, 1400-1850

This course examines how race worked in the Atlantic World (Africa, Europe, and the Americas) between 1400 and 1850 through the perspectives of mixed-race individuals and communities. We will use a comparative framework to understand how people created, resisted, and used their cross-racial identities to navigate their lives. Fulfills seminar requirement. (G&C or NA) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 465

HIST 470
The American Civil War

A comprehensive examination of the Civil War era between 1840 and 1877. Major themes and topics will include the political crisis leading to secession, the military conduct of the war, the end of slavery, the effects of the war on American society, and Reconstruction. (NA) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and HIST 131, or consent of instructor
Also listed as Ethnic Studies 420

HIST 471
The American Civil War - A Transatlantic Perspective

This course will extend the American Civil War across the Atlantic, combining a narrative of the conflict in the North and South with the story of its transformative impact upon Great Britain. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing; must be attending the Lawrence London Centre

HIST 472
Lincoln: Revolutionary American

This course will place Abraham Lincoln at the center of a revolution in American politics, society, and culture between 1840 and 1865, as the young nation argued violently over the meaning of its founding principles and the nature of "American" identity itself. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing

HIST 475
The History of America at Play

How serious is play? This class explores the ways in which seemingly frivolous activities — ordinary American entertainment — have reflected and shaped hierarchies of race, class, and gender as well as urban economies and landscapes. (NA) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and one of HIST 130, 131, 0R 132

HIST 478
Topics in Environmental History

An in-depth examination of a particular topic in environmental history, suitable for majors in history and environmental studies. Students from other majors should consult the instructor before registering. May be repeated for credit when topic is different. Units: 6. Prerequisite: HIST 355
Also listed as Environmental Studies 478

HIST 479
Travel and Tourism in American History

This course explores the emergence of tourism in the United States from the early national period to the present, paying particular attention to the dynamics of ethnicity and gender in shaping tourism within modern consumer culture. We will study a variety of primary and secondary sources, including travel narratives and films. (NA) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing and at least one of HIST 130, 131, or 132

HIST 480
Reconsidering the 1960s

A seminar examining the major themes and issues of the decade. Topics include Vietnam, the Great Society, civil rights, the counterculture, and feminism. Fiction, oral narrative, and the developing historiographical literature will be employed as aids in addressing the period. (NA) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing and HIST 132

HIST 481
The Transatlantic Sixties: The United States and Great Britain

This course will place the history of the 1960s into a transatlantic context, exploring the decade as a global event that linked the United States and Great Britain. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing; must be attending the Lawrence London Centre

HIST 491
Borderlands in Modern East and Inner Asia: History, Culture, and Identity

Seminar on Euro-Asian borderlands, with a focus on East Asia during the Modern Period. Adopting a transnational approach, the course examines the fluidity of the concept of the “frontier,” along with various understandings of what borderlands are, from the perspective of both indigenous peoples and those from afar. (G&C) Fulfills seminar requirement. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as East Asian Studies 491

HIST 492
The Art of Healing: A History of Chinese Medicine

This course offers an interdisciplinary exploration of the history of Chinese medicine. Students will study the canonical literature of the discipline, and analyze the ways in which those texts and ideas have been reshaped in modern and contemporary practice. Topics include: forensic medicine, gender, religion, and public health. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing

HIST 510
The Origins of War

A study of the concerns that lead states to war through analysis of the strategic and diplomatic crises that precipitated two great historical conflicts: the Peloponnesian War in 431 B.C. and the First World War in 1914. Students will regard themselves as diplomats assigned to report on the developing situations. (E) Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor
Also listed as Classics 510

HIST 590
Tutorial Studies in History

A reading program, specially designed and implemented in consultation with an instructor. Writing is required. Students must consult in advance with the member of the department with whom they wish to work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 591
Directed Study in History

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 595
Internship in History

An opportunity for students to gain experience in public history. Students might work for a museum, historic site, government agency or archive, including the Lawrence University Archives. Arranged under the direction of an instructor in the department in accordance with the guidelines for academic internships as stated in the course catalog. The academic component of the internship includes readings related to the substance of the internship, discussions with the faculty supervisor, and a written report appropriate to the discipline. Course grades are based on this academic work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 599
Independent Study in History

A research project organized in consultation with an instructor, culminating in a major research paper. Students must consult in advance (preferably during spring registration) with the member of the department with whom they wish to work. Students considering an honors project should register for this course. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 620
Historiography

A seminar examining both philosophical and methodological aspects of historical studies. Readings include modern treatises on the nature of history, select works of important philosophers of history, and examples of contemporary approaches to historical research and writing. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor

HIST 650
The Practice of History

A collaborative senior seminar culminating in an original and substantial piece of historical research. Students will be introduced to the standards of research and writing common to the historical profession and will be guided, as apprentice historians, through their own individual projects. Open to history majors who, having completed an advanced seminar, tutorial, or independent study, have outlined a research topic that they are prepared to pursue intensively. Units: 6. Prerequisite: Senior standing or consent of instructor

HIST 690
Tutorial Studies in History

A reading program, specially designed and implemented in consultation with an instructor. Writing is required. Students must consult in advance with the member of the department with whom they wish to work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 691
Directed Study in History

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 695
Internship in History

An opportunity for students to gain experience in public history. Students might work for a museum, historic site, government agency or archive, including the Lawrence University Archives. Arranged under the direction of an instructor in the department in accordance with the guidelines for academic internships as stated in the course catalog. The academic component of the internship includes readings related to the substance of the internship, discussions with the faculty supervisor, and a written report appropriate to the discipline. Course grades are based on this academic work. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

HIST 699
Independent Study in History

A research project organized in consultation with an instructor, culminating in a major research paper. Students must consult in advance (preferably during spring registration) with the member of the department with whom they wish to work. Students considering an honors project should register for this course. Units: 1 TO 98. Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

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