Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Monday, May 27, 2019, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

2018-2019 Course Catalog

Required for the major in environmental studies

Students who major in environmental studies will learn to apply methods and concepts from multiple disciplines to analyze environmental problems, to evaluate the quality of data and arguments, and to model environmental systems.

The major in environmental studies requires the following:

  1. Core courses (30 units):
    1. ENST 150: Introduction to Environmental Science with Lab (6 units)
    2. ENST 151: Introduction to Environmental Policy (6 units)
    3. ENST 300: Symposium on Environmental Topics (6 units)
    4. ENST 650: Environmental Studies Senior Seminar (6 units)
    5. One of the following: MATH 107, MATH 217, BIOL 170, or ANTH 207 (6 units)
  2. Perspectives from science (18 units):
    Three additional 6-unit natural science courses from at least two different departments, one of which must be lab-based and one of which must be 200 or above.
  3. Perspectives from policy (12 units):
    1. ECON 280 or ECON 285 (6 units)
    2. GOVT 270 or GOVT 380 (6 units)
  4. Perspectives from history, society, and culture (6 units) selected from the following:
    • HIST 355 (6 units)
    • EDST 400 (6 units)
    • PHIL 360 (6 units)
    • ANTH 310 (6 units)
  5. Disciplinary focus (18 units):
    Three six-unit courses numbered 200 or above in a single department--GOVT, ECON, CHEM, BIOL, GEOL, ANTH, or PHYS--selected in consultation with the advisor
  6. Field experience:
    Not necessarily for credit; typically about 50 hours of work outside the classroom or participation in an ENST-related internship or off-campus program approved by the advisor

Senior Experience in environmental studies

The Senior Seminar (ENST 650) is the culmination of the environmental studies major and serves as the program's Senior Experience. Through discussions of primary literature and guest lectures, students are engaged with cutting-edge scholarship in the natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. Students also complete individual projects, which consist of developing temporal or spatial models of environmentally relevant phenomena. In the course of modeling, students must find and acquire relevant data, determine functional relations between model elements, perform sensitivity analyses, and justify their choices and assumptions. Results and conclusions are presented orally and in a written document. The 6-unit course is offered once a year and has ENST 150, ENST 151 and ENST 300 as prerequisites. Students may elect, with the approval of their ENST advisor, to identify a different project, such as an independent research project, as their Senior Experience. Completion of ENST 650, however, is required for all environmental studies majors.

Required for the minor in environmental studies

  1. Required core courses:
    1. ENST 150: Introduction to Environmental Science with Lab (6 units)
    2. ENST 151: Introduction to Environmental Policy (6 units)
    3. ENST 300: Symposium on Environmental Topics (6 units)
  2. One natural science course cross-listed with ENST (6 units) and one course each from the following two categories:
    1. Perspectives from policy: ECON 280, ECON 285, GOVT 270, or GOVT 380 (6 units)
    2. Perspectives from history, society, and culture: ANTH 310, EDST 400, HIST 355, or PHIL 360 (6 units)

      Environmental studies courses taken through Lawrence-sponsored programs off campus may also fulfill this requirement with approval of the Environmental Studies Program.

No more than one course may be applied simultaneously toward completion of this minor and a student's major.


Teacher certification in environmental science or broad-field science

Students can seek certification to teach environmental science at the secondary level. Students must take EDST/ENST 400 and should fulfill the science-track requirements of the environmental studies major or, preferably, major in one of the natural sciences and minor in environmental studies. Students also have the option of seeking broad-field science certification by completing the major and a minimum of two courses in each of two other science disciplines and at least one course in each of the remaining sciences. Students who plan to seek teacher certification should review the requirements in the Education section of the catalog and meet with the director of teacher education, preferably before the end of the sophomore year.