Please note: The course descriptions displayed here are current as of Thursday, July 9, 2020, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.
MATH 107: Elementary StatisticsFor students in all disciplines. Provides the background needed to evaluate statistical arguments found in newspapers, magazines, reports, and journals and the logic and techniques necessary to perform responsible elementary statistical analysis. Topics include basic data analysis, one-variable regression, experimental and sampling design, random variables, sampling distributions, and inference (confidence intervals and significance testing). This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
Prerequisite: Completion of 54 units in Lawrence courses or consent of instructor
CHEM 116: Principles of Chemistry: Energetics and DynamicsIntroduction to the study of chemistry, for students who have taken high school chemistry or CHEM 115, emphasizing structural and quantitative models of chemical behavior. Topics include bonding, thermochemistry, equilibrium, kinetics, and related applications. Three lectures and one laboratory per week. Enrollment is determined by placement examination for students who have not completed CHEM 115. See the chemistry department's web page for placement examination information.
Prerequisite: CHEM 115 or placement examination
MATH 120: Applied Calculus IA course in the applications of mathematics to a wide variety of areas, stressing economics and the biological sciences. Topics may include recursive sequences and their equilibria, the derivative of a function, optimization, fitting abstract models to observed data. Emphasis placed on algebraic and numerical techniques and on understanding the role of mathematical thinking. Mathematics 120 and 130 do not prepare students for more advanced courses in mathematics.
Prerequisite: Three years of high school mathematics;
BIOL 130: Integrative Biology: Cells to OrganismsAn exploration of fundamental cellular processes in an evolutionary context including homeostasis, cell cycle, gene expression, energy transformation, inheritance, and multi-cellular development. Experimental approaches will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.
MATH 130: Applied Calculus IIA continuation of math 120. Topics may include the indefinite and definite integral, elementary linear algebra including matrix arithmetic and solving linear equations, vectors, partial derivatives, Lagrange multipliers. Both algebraic and numerical computations.
Prerequisite: MATH 120 or the equivalent
MATH 140: CalculusFunctions, limits, derivatives, the Mean Value Theorem, definition and properties of integrals, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, and applications to related rates, curve sketching, and optimization problems.
Prerequisite: Four years of high school mathematics and minimum score on ALEKS online diagnostic exam, as set by the department.
PHYS 141: Principles of Classical, Relativistic, and Quantum MechanicsA calculus-based introduction to fundamental concepts in mechanics, from Galileo and Newton through relativity and quantum mechanics. Weekly laboratories emphasize the acquisition, reduction and interpretation of experimental data and the keeping of complete records. Explicit instruction in calculus will be provided.
Prerequisite: None, but calculus is recommended.
PHYS 151: Principles of Classical PhysicsA continuation of Physics 141. Physics 151 offers a brief review of mechanics, and covers electricity, magnetism, circuits, waves, optics and thermal physics. Weekly laboratories emphasize the acquisition, reduction, and interpretation of experimental data and the keeping of complete records.
Prerequisite: PHYS 141, or one year of high school physics and MATH 140.
BIOL 170: Integrative Biology: Experimental Design and StatisticsAn introduction to experimental and sampling design in the fields of biology and biochemistry, as well as methods of data analysis and interpretation. The connection between statistical analysis and experimental design will be emphasized. Topics include descriptive, exploratory, and confirmatory statistical analyses. Lecture and computer laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 150 or consent of instructor
CHEM 210: Analytical ChemistryA course in the quantitative description of chemical equilibria in solution (acid-base, complexation, redox, solubility) using classical, separation, electrochemical, and spectrochemical methods of analysis. This course covers methods of quantification, statistics, and data analysis as applied to modern chemistry. Students will have the opportunity to individually design projects. Three lectures and two laboratory periods per week.
Also listed as Environmental Studies 250
Prerequisite: CHEM 116, placement exam, or consent of instructor; concurrent enrollment in CHEM 211 required
BIOL 226: MicrobiologyA study of microbial life with an emphasis on prokaryotes. Microbial physiology is examined in the context of how unique characteristics allow microbes to exploit a vast diversity of environments, including the human body. Laboratory exercises introduce students to techniques used to safely study microorganisms.
Prerequisite: BIOL 130 and BIOL 150, CHEM 116 recommended
BIOL 235: Evolutionary BiologyA study of biological evolution, including natural selection, adaptation, the evolution of sex, speciation, extinction, and constraints on evolutionary change. Reading primary literature is emphasized. Two lectures and one discussion per week.
Also listed as Environmental Studies 213
Prerequisite: BIOL 130 or ANTH 140
CHEM 250: Organic Chemistry IA study of the relationship between structure and function in organic compounds. Basic topics such as molecular orbital theory, conformational equilibria, stereochemistry, and nucleophilic substitution are covered. Students also learn to use instrumental analysis (NMR, IR, GC-MS) to identify and characterize compounds. One four-hour laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: CHEM 116 or 119 or consent of instructor
CHEM 252: Organic Chemistry IIA study of organic reactions and their mechanisms. The focus of the class is synthesis, both in the concrete sense of building molecules and in the abstract sense of pulling together disparate concepts to solve problems. Case studies from the polymer and pharmaceutical industries underline the relevance of the discipline to everyday life. One four-hour laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: CHEM 250
CHEM 320: Inorganic ChemistryA survey of structures, properties, reactivities, and interrelationships of chemical elements and their compounds. Topics include unifying principles and concepts that enable the interpretation of experimental data associated with materials. Emphasis on multidisciplinary aspects of inorganic chemistry. Lectures and weekly laboratory. Laboratory projects involve synthesis and studies of compounds using a variety of experimental methods.
Prerequisite: CHEM 250
BIOL 325: Cell BiologySurvey of the structure and function of eukaryotic cells, the basic functional unit of life. Correlation of cellular structures including organelles, proteins, and membranes with functions such as cellular communication, division, transport, movement, and secretory pathways will be analyzed. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 130 and BIOL 150, BIOL 170 recommended
BIOL 340: Topics in NeuroscienceA study of the nervous system from the perspectives of psychology and biology. Topics vary year to year and may include glial cells, neural development, and the evolution of nervous systems and neurotransmitter systems. Lecture only. May be repeated when topic is different.
Topic for Winter 2020: Neuroimmunology
Neuroimmunology is the study of the interactions between the nervous and immune systems. This course will explore the interaction of these two systems under homeostatic conditions as well as during disease states. Specific topics to be included may include: infections and cancers of the brain, communication between the nervous and immune systems, and neurodegenerative and neuroimmune disorders. The course will utilize mainly primary literature and include discussions, presentations, and writing assignments.
Also listed as Psychology 580
Prerequisite: CHEM 116, BIOL 150, and one course in psychology; or PSYC 360 and one course in biology; or consent of instructor
CHEM 340: Biochemistry IAn introduction to the study of biological processes at the molecular level with emphases on protein struction and function, enzyme mechanism and kinetics, fundamentals of physical biochemistry, and the chemistry of biological molecules, including carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Also listed as Biology 444
Prerequisite: CHEM 250 or concurrent enrollment, or consent of instructor
PSYC 350: Psychopharmacology and BehaviorAn interdisciplinary examination of the ways in which behaviorally active drugs exert their effects, drawing on research in pharmacology, psychology, biochemistry, anatomy, and neurophysiology. Provides an understanding and appreciation of the role of behaviorally active drugs in people’s lives, today and in the past.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing; at least one prior biology course recommended
BIOL 354: Molecular BiologyAn interdisciplinary examination of regulatory mechanisms leading to differential gene expression. Main topics include transcription, translation, gene and protein structure, and modern genomics. The application of current molecular techniques is emphasized throughout the course. Laboratory work is experimental in approach. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 130 and CHEM 115
CHEM 370: Physical Chemistry: Thermodynamics and KineticsDevelops and explores theoretical descriptions of chemical systems: physical states, the laws of thermodynamics as applied to chemical and physical equilibria, chemical reaction kinetics, and catalysis. No laboratory.
Prerequisite: MATH 150, PHYS 150, CHEM 116; or consent of instructor
CHEM 380: Seminar: Perspectives on ChemistryA series of presentations by visiting chemists and Lawrence students, faculty, and staff, featuring current issues in chemistry, important applications of chemistry, and professional development topics appropriate to chemistry majors or minors. Approximately one meeting per week. Two or more short “reaction papers” (a short seminar critique or summary) required of each student. Offered annually in the Fall Term. May be repeated for credit.
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing; offered annually in the Fall Term
CHEM 410: Instrumental AnalysisAn advanced course in instrumental methods of quantification and identification in modern chemistry. Emphasis on instrument design, operating principles, interpretation of instrumental data, and discrimination between techniques. This course focuses on spectroscopic, chromatographic, and electrochemical techniques and their application in fundamental and applied research. Students will have the opportunity to individually design projects. Three lectures and one laboratory per week.
Prerequisite: CHEM 210 or consent of instructor
BIOL 430: ImmunologyThis course will cover the basic concepts of immunology, including differentiation of immune cells, antibody structure and function, antigen-antibody reactions, the major-histocompatibility complex, the complement system, immune responses to pathogens, allergies and auto-immune diseases, and comparative immunology. The course will also examine recent advances in the field through current peer-reviewed publications. The weekly laboratory will examine the basic questions, experimental subjects, and procedures of the field.
Prerequisite: BIOL 130, BIOL 150, and junior standing; or consent of instructor
CHEM 440: Biochemistry IIA continuation of Biochemistry I. A study of biological processes at the molecular level with an emphasis on metabolic pathways, recent advances in biochemical medicine, and biochemical aspects of gene replication, protein synthesis, molecular motors, and sensing. The course is divided between lecture and discussion and will rely heavily on current biochemical literature.
Also listed as Biology 455
Prerequisite: CHEM 340 or consent of instructor
BIOL 444: Biochemistry IAn introduction to the study of biological processes at the molecular level with emphases on protein struction and function, enzyme mechanism and kinetics, fundamentals of physical biochemistry, and the chemistry of biological molecules, including carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids.
Also listed as Chemistry 340
Prerequisite: CHEM 250 or concurrent enrollment, or consent of instructor
CHEM 450: Topics in Advanced Organic ChemistryA study of modern topics in organic chemistry, emphasizing current literature. Topics may vary from year to year, but the class typically covers organic synthesis in depth. Students will often use the literature and their own expanding understanding of chemical reactivity to design synthetic routes to complex drugs and natural products. No formal laboratory; lab exercises may occasionally substitute for lectures.
Prerequisite: CHEM 252 or consent of instructor
BIOL 453: Developmental BiologyAn experimental approach to animal development with laboratory and lecture emphasis on molecular and cellular processes of embryogenesis. Includes discussions of pattern formation, differentiation, cell interactions, gametogenesis and fertilization. Lecture and laboratory.
Prerequisite: BIOL 150; and one of the following (or concurrent enrollment): BIOL 354, BIOL 444/CHEM 340, BIOL 260, or BIOL 325
CHEM 480: Seminar: Chemical LiteratureA seminar course intended primarily for junior majors and minors in chemistry. Students learn the character and organization of the chemical literature and become familiar with search strategies, as each selects a topic and, guided by the instructor, conducts a literature search for key papers on that topic, constructs an annotated bibliography, reads several of the most important of the papers, and prepares an end-of-term presentation highlighting key research findings related to their chosen topic.
Prerequisite: Junior standing, or consent of instructor
PHYS 500: Special Topics in PhysicsTreats selected topics, such as relativity, fundamental particles, fluid mechanics, and surface physics that vary according to the interests of students and staff.
PHYS 570: Biological PhysicsDevelops and explores the physical principles underlying biological systems, with a particular emphasis on building quantitative models. Applies fundamental topics including thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, elasticity, and electrostatics to model molecular and cellular phenomena such as gene expression, virus assembly, DNA bending and stretching, and nerve impulses.
Also listed as Biology 570
Prerequisite: PHYS 151, and one of PHYS 230, CHEM 252, CHEM 340, or BIOL 354
BIOL 650: Biology Senior CapstoneSenior capstone in which students will benefit from direct input and feedback on their scientific writing and oral presentation skills as they complete senior experience projects and papers. Successful completion of BIOL 650 includes participation in BioFest, a symposium of biology senior experience projects during spring term.
Units: 1 OR 5.
Prerequisite: Major in biology or biochemistry, or in neuroscience with departmental approval; and senior class standing or departmental approval