Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Friday, November 22, 2019, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

2019-2020 Course Catalog

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This catalog was created on Friday, November 22, 2019.


Education

Professor:B. Williams (chair)
Associate professor:S. Purkey (Bee Connell Mielke Professor of Education)
Assistant professor:S. Burdick-Shepherd
Instructors:C. Despres-Berry (Center for Academic Success), A. Nottingham-Martin

While Lawrence does not offer a college major in education, the education department does prepare students to become licensed elementary and secondary school teachers in public and private schools. Lawrence graduates who have completed the teacher education program are eligible to be certified for licensure in all states. In addition to certification for licensure, the department introduces students to the study of education as an academic discipline within the liberal arts. An education studies minor is available. The department also offers tutorial and independent-study opportunities for students interested in education policy, history of education, educational anthropology, sociology and psychology, philosophy of education, and the practical application of education methodology in a variety of settings. Courses in education studies (EDST) are open to all students and may be counted toward fulfilling the general education distribution requirement in social sciences.

Teacher certification for undergraduates

Students who seek certification to teach middle or senior high school (early adolescence through adolescence) may choose from nearly all majors, including the social sciences, history, the natural sciences, mathematics, mathematics-computer science, computer science, theatre arts, English, English as a second language, and environmental science. (Students planning to teach instrumental or vocal music must be admitted to the Conservatory. Please see the Conservatory of Music for more information.)

Students who want to teach art, music (choral, general, or instrumental), or world languages (Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and Spanish) receive special-field certification for teaching early childhood through adolescence (K-12).

Lawrence offers certification for students interested in becoming elementary school teachers (early childhood through early adolescence). Open to all majors, college or conservatory, this innovative program is a post-baccalaureate, full school year apprenticeship in an Appleton public elementary school, during which students learn to teach by working alongside a master veteran teacher. For that year there is a special, significantly reduced, tuition fee.  

For further information about required courses and other program requirements as well as costs, please contact the director of teacher education.

For certification in social studies and the natural sciences, students elect a single discipline as their major—for example, history or chemistry—and may also pursue an interdisciplinary “broad fields” course of study.

Many academic subjects (e.g., English) permit a minor for certification purposes, thereby affording the student both major and minor teaching opportunities in the schools. In all subject areas, certification requires completing a Lawrence major or its equivalent with a minimum GPA of 2.75 in the major and cumulative. Please see “Major subject area requirements” for specific disciplinary requirements.

Students who wish to qualify for a teaching license should plan their schedule with the chair of the education department as early as possible in their Lawrence career. Students who enter Lawrence knowing that they want to become certified to teach can do so within the four-year undergraduate program. Before student teaching, which must occur in the senior year or in a 13th term, students must be admitted to the teacher education program. Graduation must precede certification for licensure.

Generally, all education courses except EDST 175 and EDST 180 require sophomore standing. EDUC 560, 563, and 555 and ART 585, methods of teaching, must be taken during the Term III that immediately precedes student teaching.

Student teaching assignments for 18-week public or private school semesters are contracted with local Fox Valley schools, in the Chicago Center’s Urban Student Teaching Program, or in 17 different countries overseas through Lawrence's International Student Teaching Program. A 13th term of student teaching with greatly reduced tuition (see Tuition, Fees, and Financial Assistance) is available for Lawrence undergraduates who have completed all graduation requirements except the student teaching cluster of courses and wish to be certified. Elementary apprenticeships take place in the Appleton Public Schools. Ask the department chair for details and for information on additional requirements. The 18-week student teaching practicum must take place within one year of graduation; the elementary practicum follows graduation.

In some majors, students planning to student teach during the senior year may substitute student teaching for, or incorporate it into, their department’s Senior Experience. Interested students should consult with their major advisor as early as possible in the junior year.

Certification for graduates

Students who have graduated from college, whether they attended Lawrence or another college or university, can be certified for licensure through Lawrence. Typically, the certification program for graduates takes 1-1/2 years, which includes the required 18 weeks of student teaching. Program length may vary depending on undergraduate major and coursework. Graduates should consult the department chair for further information about the certification program.

Graduates seeking certification must attain qualifying scores on any required tests (e.g., Praxis II or ACTFL) in their certification area before they apply to be admitted to the teacher education program. Other requirements for admittance (e.g., 2.75 GPA) and certification are listed in Lawrence’s Teacher Certification Handbook, which is available from the education department.

Tuition for Lawrence graduates participating in this program is set at 50 percent of the current year’s tuition rate, and the student teaching fee is adjusted by 50 percent.

For non-Lawrence graduates, tuition for courses required for certification outside the degree-seeking student program is set at 75 percent of the current year’s tuition rate. A separate fee is charged for the student-teaching portion of the program, for which the student earns 18 units of credit.

Graduates who wish to teach elementary school can also be certified for licensure through Lawrence. There is a significantly reduced tuition fee for the apprenticeship year and required education courses. A 3.0 cumulative GPA is required. Any pre-student teaching tests that may be required must be passed before being admitted to the elementary apprenticeship program. Interested candidates should consult the department chair for further information.

General requirements, all students and subject areas

In addition to the required education courses, all students seeking certification must complete a major (or its equivalent) in the subject they plan to teach. For elementary education only, students may complete any major in the college or conservatory. To receive a minor endorsement, students must complete a department-approved minor or a minimum of seven courses in the discipline. Students seeking licensure must also complete the Lawrence University general education requirements.

For Wisconsin licensure, social science majors need to take Cooperatives, which is an adjunct to Education 560. Natural science and social studies candidates are required to take an environmental studies course.

Students who want to become licensed must be admitted to Lawrence’s teacher education program. Please see the department chair or the department’s administrative assistant for the application form and list of requirements. Students seeking licensure in areas other than elementary education should also consult Lawrence’s Teacher Certification Handbook, which is available from the education department, for further information and requirements.

A cumulative GPA of 2.75 is required for program admission as well as for certification for licensure. Before they may student teach, students must attain a 3.00 major GPA (or, for elementary certification, a 3.00 GPA in all teacher education courses) or a passing score on the subject area assessment (Praxis II subject assessment or ACTFL foreign language oral and writing proficiency tests) for each subject in which they intend to be licensed. Elementary candidates must also receive a passing score on the Wisconsin Foundations of Reading Test. All candidates must attain passing scores on the edTPA, a teacher performance assessment completed during student teaching, in order to be certified for licensure. Additional requirements are spelled out in the Teacher Certification Handbook and on the department website.

To be certified for licensure, candidates must demonstrate proficiency in the following Lawrence University teacher education program standards, which are based on the Wisconsin state standards for licensure:

  1. Understands the central concepts, tools of inquiry, and structure(s) of the discipline and its connections with the various liberal arts and sciences.
  2. Plans, organizes, and presents systematic instruction that makes the above aspects of the subject meaningful for students.
  3. Uses a variety of instructional strategies, including instructional media and technology, to promote understanding.
  4. Uses a variety of formal and informal assessment techniques to evaluate learning and adapt instruction.
  5. Uses effective verbal and nonverbal communication to foster active inquiry and engagement in learning.
  6. Creates a supportive, productive learning environment that encourages positive social interaction, collaboration, and self-motivation.
  7. Understands how children and adolescents learn and are motivated, individually and in groups, and teaches accordingly.
  8. Matches instruction to differences in prior learning, ability, and exceptionality.
  9. Demonstrates awareness of differences that arise from cultural background, gender, socio-economic status, or community context, and adapts instruction accordingly.
  10. Acts in an ethical, professional manner and exhibits fairness, respect, and care in dealing with students.
  11. Establishes positive relationships with school colleagues, parents, and agencies in the larger community.
  12. Demonstrates the ability to be self-critical and to use feedback to improve teaching practice.
  13. Understands the role of education in a democracy and the relationship between school and society.

Progress toward the standards is assessed in a pre-student teaching portfolio, and proficiency is confirmed in the final teaching portfolio, which includes the edTPA teacher performance assessment, submitted at the conclusion of student teaching. More information can be found in the Teacher Certification Handbook and on the department website.

Students should be aware that certification requirements are subject to revision, and students must satisfy the requirements in force at the time of program completion. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm requirements with the chair of the education department.

Required courses for certification in elementary education

The following core teacher education courses:

Course Lawrence course credit, in units Certification semester hours
EDST 180: Psychology of Learning 6 4
EDST 350: Ethnicity, Cultural Diversity, and Education 6 4
EDUC 430: Educating All Learners 6 3
EDST 440: Sociology of Education 6 4

The following courses specific to elementary education:

Course Lawrence course credit, in units Certification semester hours
EDUC 412: The Science of Reading 6 4
EDUC 555: Methods in Elementary Teaching 6 4
EDUC 575: Elementary Content Area Methods I 3 3
EDUC 576: Elementary Content Area Methods II 3 3
EDUC 665: Advanced Methods in Teaching-Elementary I 3 3
EDUC 666: Advanced Methods in Teaching-Elementary II 3 3
EDUC 675: Student Teaching Apprenticeship-Elementary I 18 12
EDUC 676: Student Teaching Apprenticeship-Elementary II 18 12

EDUC 575, 665, and 675 are taken concurrently during the first semester of the elementary teaching apprenticeship, and EDUC 576, 666, and 676 are taken concurrently during the second semester.

Elementary certification also requires one course in environmental studies (ENST 150 is recommended and satisfies the B.A. general education requirement for a laboratory course in the natural sciences).

Required education courses for certification in specific subject areas (other than elementary education)

The following core teacher education courses:

Course Lawrence course credit, in units Certification semester hours
EDST 180: Psychology of Learning 6 4
EDST 350: Ethnicity, Cultural Diversity, and Education 6 4
EDUC 430: Educating All Learners (College only) 6 3
EDUC 431: Educating All Learners in Music (Conservatory only) 3 3
EDST 440: Sociology of Education 6 4

The following teaching methods and student teaching courses:

Course Lawrence course credit, in units Certification semester hours
EDUC 560: Methods in Middle and Secondary Teaching 6 4
EDUC 563: Elementary and Secondary World Language Methods 6 4
EDUC 565: Methods in Teaching English Language Learners†† 6 4
EDUC 585: Art in the Elementary and Secondary Schools††† 6 4
EDUC 650 or 655: Student Teaching 18 12
EDUC 660: Advanced Methods in Teaching 3 3

† Required for world language certification only
†† Required for ESL certification only
††† Required for art certification only

Please see “Major subject area requirements” below and “The major in music education” for additional course requirements.

Major subject area requirements

Students are expected to complete the major requirements established by the relevant Lawrence department.  To add a minor endorsement, students are expected to complete the minor requirements established by the relevant Lawrence department.  In some cases, a minimum of 10 courses in the major subject or 7 courses in the minor may be accepted in lieu of the official Lawrence major or minor (see the department chair for further information).
 
Art
A major consists of the courses required for a studio art major plus ART 585. See Certification for Teaching K-12 for further information regarding studio requirements and recommendations for art education certification. ART 585 should be taken in the Term III immediately prior to student teaching (EDUC 650).
English
A major consists of a minimum of 10 courses. In addition to demonstrating a familiarity with contemporary literature of world scope, students must submit evidence of coursework in composition, linguistics or history of the English language, literature for adolescents, and literature of ethnic/racial minority groups in America. Adolescent literature may be fulfilled by taking three units of tutorial study in education (EDUC 390 or 590) devoted to literature for adolescents. A minor is available.
English as a second language (ESL/ELL)
A major endorsement is available in ESL/ELL and requires completion of the following: the education certification sequence (e.g., EDST 180, EDST 440, EDUC 650, etc.); the four course ESL/ELL sequence of LING 150, LING 360, LING 530, and EDUC 565; and an academic major in any one of the liberal arts and sciences. Students may also add ESL/ELL certification to certification in another area (e.g., English, music education, biology, history, etc.).
Mathematics-computer science; computer science
A major consists of 10 courses.
Mathematics
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
Music
See the major in music education.  Licensure in music must be done through the conservatory.
Natural sciences
Students are licensed in physical science (chemistry and/or physics), earth and space science (geosciences), or life and environmental science (biology and/or environmental science). Students must complete a Lawrence major in one science (e.g., biology) and take at least one course from each of the other sciences. A course in astronomy or space science or a course that includes either as a topic is also required. Please see the department chair for further information.
Biology
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
Chemistry
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
Geology/Earth science
A major consists of 10 courses, including astronomy and oceanography, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
Physics
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
Environmental science
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in the other science subjects; a minor is available. Students must take EDST/ENST 400 and should fulfill the science-track requirements of the environmental studies major. (Students are urged to major in one of the other sciences and minor in environmental studies if they plan to teach at the secondary level.)
Broad-fields science
A broad-fields science license is available. To be eligible, students must complete the requirements to be certified in one of the science majors (biology, chemistry, environmental science, geology/earth science, or physics), a minimum of two courses in each of two other science disciplines, and at least one course in each of the remaining sciences.
Social studies
Wisconsin licenses in the social sciences and history are grouped within the broad category of social studies. Students must complete a Lawrence major in any social science or history and take one course in each of the remaining social sciences (including history). An environmental studies course is also required. (Non-history majors are strongly urged to take a minimum of two history courses, one in U.S. history and one in global history.)
Anthropology/Sociology
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available. (Note: Wisconsin does not offer separate licensure in anthropology.)
Economics
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
History
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
Political science (Government)
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
Psychology
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
Broad-fields social studies
A broad-fields social studies license is available. To be eligible, students must complete the requirements to be certified in one of the social sciences (anthropology/sociology, economics, history, political science [government], or psychology), a minimum of two courses each in two of the other social studies, and at least one course in each of the remaining social studies. Instruction in consumer cooperatives and conservation is incorporated into the methodology course EDUC 560.
Theatre arts
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
World languages
A major in Chinese, Classics, French, German, Japanese, Russian, or Spanish consists of 10 courses. It is required that students spend a term in a country studying its native language. To be certified, students must pass an oral and writing proficiency test if their major GPA is less than 3.00. A minor is available.
 

Courses - Education

EDUC 191: Directed Study in Education

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 390: Tutorial Studies in Education

Tutorial studies in the fields of educational psychology, learning theory, cognitive science, alternative education and on various topics related to teaching and learning.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 391: Directed Study in Education

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 399: Independent Study in Education

Advanced study arranged in consultation with the department. Students considering a senior honors project should register for this course.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 412: The Science of Reading

For students pursuing elementary certification and preparing for the Foundations of Reading Test. Students will engage with literacy theory, explore reading development and the acquisition of reading competency, plan for literacy assessment and instruction (with attention to English language learners and learning disabilities), and integrate literacy with content instruction.
Units: 6.
Prerequisite: EDST 180 and junior standing

EDUC 430: Educating All Learners

This course for students in the Teacher Education Program focuses on two important aspects of K-12 teaching: (1) helping learners develop academic and disciplinary literacy; and (2) tailoring instruction to specific learning needs (for students with disabilities, English language learners, struggling readers, students with gaps in academic knowledge, gifted students, etc.). Practicum of 20 hours required in a subject area class that includes learners with special needs.
Units: 6.
Prerequisite: EDST 180 and junior standing

EDUC 431: Educating All Learners - Music

This course for students seeking certification to teach music (choral, general, and/or instrumental) focuses on adapting music instruction to learners with disabilities. Practicum of 10 hours required in a music class that includes learners with special needs.
Units: 3.
Prerequisite: EDST 180, junior standing, and declared major in music education

EDUC 555: Methods in Elementary Teaching

For students preparing to teach in the elementary classroom. Students will practice and observe methodologies in instructional strategies, assessment, and organization of the elementary environment. Students will analyze how learner, subject, and environment influence pedagogical choice with emphasis on collaborative learning, differentiated instruction, and developmentally appropriate practice.
Units: 6.
Prerequisite: Junior standing and admission to the teacher certification program

EDUC 560: Methods in Middle and Secondary Teaching

A seminar on methods and organization of teaching particular subjects in the middle and secondary school, including English, social studies, mathematics, science, and theatre. Practicum of 20 hours required.
Units: 6.
Prerequisite: Junior standing and admission to certification program

EDUC 563: Elementary and Secondary World Language Methods

A seminar on teaching world languages in the elementary, middle, and secondary school. Emphasis on curriculum planning, methods of instruction, and assessment of learning. Issues related to classroom management and organization will be addressed. Practicum of 20 hours required.
Units: 6.
Prerequisite: Junior standing and admission to certification program

EDUC 565: Methods in Teaching English Language Learners

A seminar in teaching English to speakers of other languages in elementary, middle, and secondary school as well as in foreign language classrooms abroad. The course focuses on curriculum planning, methods of instruction, and assessment of learning for English language learners in diverse learning environments. Practicum of 20 hours required.
Units: 6.
Prerequisite: Junior standing and consent of instructor

EDUC 575: Elementary Content Area Methods I

This course is for students concurrently enrolled in the elementary student teaching apprenticeship. The apprenticeship will design and teach lessons engaging elementary students and young children in the fundamental content, concepts, and inquiry tools of mathematics, English language arts, social studies, science, fine arts, physical education and health. Two-course sequence.
Units: 3.
Prerequisite: Baccalaureate degree, admission to elementary teacher certification, and concurrent enrollment in EDUC 665 and EDUC 675

EDUC 576: Elementary Content Area Methods II

Continuation of EDUC 575.
Units: 3.
Prerequisite: EDUC 575 and concurrent enrollment in EDUC 666 and 676

EDUC 585: Art in the Elementary and Secondary Schools

Art class observations, studio practice in both two- and three-dimensional disciplines, studio demonstrations/lectures, and selected readings and discussions relative to the visual expression of the elementary, junior, and senior high school student.
Units: 6.
Also listed as Studio Art 585
Prerequisite: Four studio art courses, EDUC 180 and 340, and two art history courses.

EDUC 590: Tutorial Studies in Education

Tutorial studies in the fields of educational psychology, learning theory, cognitive science, alternative education and on various topics related to teaching and learning.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 591: Directed Study in Education

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 599: Independent Study in Education

Advanced study arranged in consultation with the department. Students considering a senior honors project should register for this course.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 650: Student Teaching (Middle and Secondary Schools)

Student teaching is normally taken during Term I, coinciding with the public school fall semester. A weekly seminar at Lawrence is required as part of this course. See department chair for prerequisites and for exceptions to the Term I requirement.
Units: 18.
Prerequisite: Senior standing and admission to certification program; contact department chair about prerequisites and corequisites

EDUC 655: International Student Teaching

This is an overseas student teaching option. After nine weeks of student teaching in the Fox Valley, students will be placed in one of 16 countries to complete the student teaching practicum. International student teaching is available during 13th Term only. Students must have been admitted to the student teaching program (college or conservatory) and have met all requirements for domestic student teaching. Students should contact the department chair for additional admission and fee requirements.
Units: 18.
Prerequisite: Senior or graduate status, admission to the student teaching program and to the international student teaching program, passing score on Praxis II or ACTFL, proficiency tests and, beginning in 2015, a passing score on the TPA during the first 9 weeks of domestic student teaching.

EDUC 660: Advanced Methods in Teaching

The seminar will engage students in critical reflection upon their student teaching experience. Concrete and theoretical problems having to do with teaching and learning will be explored (e.g., classroom management, assessment of pupil performance, curriculum design, instructional methods), as will issues having to do with educational policy and school organization.
Units: 3.
Prerequisite: Concurrent enrollment in EDUC 650 or consent of instructor

EDUC 665: Advanced Methods in Teaching-Elementary I

The seminar will engage students in critical reflection upon their elementary student teaching experience. Concrete and theoretical problems of teaching and learning will be explored (e.g., classroom management, assessment, curriculum design), as will issues regarding educational policy and school organization. Two-course sequence taken in conjunction with the student teaching apprenticeship.
Units: 3.
Prerequisite: Baccalaureate degree, admission to elementary teacher certification and concurrent enrollment in EDUC 575 and 675

EDUC 666: Advanced Methods in Teaching-Elementary II

A continuation of EDUC 665.
Units: 3.
Prerequisite: EDUC 665 and concurrent enrollment in EDUC 576 and EDUC 676

EDUC 675: Student Teaching Apprenticeship-Elementary I

Student teaching for elementary licensure (EC-MC) is a full-time, two-semester apprenticeship in a K-6 grade classroom setting. This post-baccalaureate apprenticeship is an embedded clinical experience whereby the student teacher will learn the craft and art of teaching under the guidance of a master teacher from the Appleton Area School District.
Units: 18.
Prerequisite: Baccalaureate degree, admission to elementary teacher certification, and concurrent enrollment in EDUC 575 and EDUC 665

EDUC 676: Student Teaching Apprenticeship-Elementary II

Continuation of EDUC 675.
Units: 18.
Prerequisite: EDUC 675 and concurrent enrollment in EDUC 576 and EDUC 666

EDUC 690: Tutorial Studies in Education

Tutorial studies in the fields of educational psychology, learning theory, cognitive science, alternative education and on various topics related to teaching and learning.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.

EDUC 691: Directed Study in Education

Directed study follows a syllabus set primarily by the instructor to meet the needs or interests of an individual student or small group of students. The main goal of directed study is knowledge or skill acquisition, not research or creative work.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required

EDUC 699: Independent Study in Education

Advanced study arranged in consultation with the department. Students considering a senior honors project should register for this course.
Units: 1 TO 98.
Prerequisite: Counter Registration Required.