Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Sunday, March 18, 2018, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.
This catalog was created on Sunday, March 18, 2018.
|Associate professors:||M. Allan, R. Tapia (chair)|
|Assistant professor:||T. Jimenez-Anglada|
|Instructors:||J. Baker, C. Herrera|
Offerings in the Spanish department include a wide range of courses on the Spanish language and the cultures and literatures of Spain, Latin America, and the Latino population of the United States. All readings, audiovisual materials, class discussions, and written work are in Spanish, unless specified otherwise. At the advanced level (SPAN 300/400/500), students examine significant linguistic and cultural topics through an integrated and interdisciplinary curriculum. The rigorous academic work involves intensive reading, writing, discussing and presenting in Spanish about each subject. The Spanish program has historically prepared students for successful careers in education, government, health, business, advertising, communications and a variety of positions in the U.S. and global marketplace. Some alumni pursue graduate study in the humanities, law, medicine, psychology, international relations, public policy and social work, among other fields. Spanish is already the second language of business in the United States. The advanced communication and critical thinking skills and intercultural competence developed by Spanish majors prepares them for fruitful careers and develops their awareness as global citizens.
Students who graduate with a major in Spanish acquire the following skills and knowledge:
- Advanced communicative ability in Spanish.
- Deep knowledge of different Spanish-speaking cultures through their literatures, visual arts, films and other cultural artifacts.
- The capability to establish connections with additional bodies of knowledge, cultures and peoples.
- The ability to make comparisons between Spanish and their native language, as well as between various Spanish-speaking cultures and their own.
- In short, the capacity to communicate expertly and participate critically in multilingual communities.
These goals represent what are known as the 5cs in national standards, which Spanish majors attain through the study of Latin American, Spanish Peninsular, and U.S. Latino cultures, literatures, cinema, arts and other forms of contemporary media, as well as linguistics and literary translation. This program of study requires an appropriately high competency in the Spanish language. To this end, all class discussions, assignments, and examinations are conducted in Spanish, except where specified.
All students who will take Spanish at Lawrence are required to take a placement examination. Students will be placed in courses according to their score in the placement test. At the course level of 300 and above, students should be mindful of the prerequisites to take a particular course and need to consult with a Spanish instructor before registering for the course. At whatever level students place, they should plan to begin their study of Spanish in the freshman year.
Meeting the language competency general education requirement
As part of its general education requirements, Lawrence requires all students to attain competency in a language other than English at the minimum level equivalent to three college terms of study (i.e. equivalent to successful completion of SPAN 201). Students can satisfy this requirement with one of the following options:
- Passing a SPAN 200-level class. Beginners can take SPAN 101, 102 and 201 in sequence (or the 18-unit intensive summer course, SPAN 200). Students must follow the recommendation accompanying your online placement score.
- Taking a written and oral competency examination in Spanish. Contact the Spanish department for scheduling this exam.
- A score equivalent to the second-year level on the CLEP examination in Spanish (63 and above). A CLEP score at the one-year level of competency is sufficient for Bachelor of Music students (52-63).
- A score of 630 or higher on the SAT Subject Spanish or Spanish with Listening exam.
- A score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement (AP) examination in Spanish Language and Culture exam. Credit equivalent to one 6-unit course at the SPAN 202 level.
- A score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement (AP) examination in Spanish Literature. Credit equivalent to one 6-unit course at the SPAN 300 level and it fulfills one course requirement toward the Spanish major or minor.
- A score of 6 or higher on the Spanish International Baccalaureate Examination at the advanced level. Carries credit equivalent to one 6-unit course at the SPAN 202 level.
- Providing documented proof (e.g., high school diploma) that the student’s high school program was conducted in Spanish. This option satisfies the language requirement but carries no academic credit.
Note: Lawrence University does not conduct the AP, IB, SAT II, or CLEP examinations. They can be taken at authorized test centers on a fee basis.
Required for the Spanish major
- Ten standard courses (or a minimum of 60 units) including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, four 500-level courses, and four electives. These can include a second 300-level course. The remaining electives must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship and up to six units from approved courses outside the department, chosen from the following offerings:
- ARHI 230: Baroque Art
- ARHI 270/271: Latin American Visual Art
- EDUC 563: Foreign Language Methods
- HIST 155: Gender in Latin American History 1490-1800
- HIST 178: Colonial Latin American History
- HIST 179: Modern Latin American History
- HIST 260: Culture and Power in Renaissance Europe
- HIST 261: Rebellion and Discipline in Reformation Europe
- HIST 371: The Rise and Fall of American Empires
- HIST 374: Visions of the Conquest
- HIST 378: Ethnicity in Latin America
- HIST 422: Revolt and Revolution in Latin America
- LING 150: Introduction to Linguistics
- ENG 150: Literary Analysis
- Approval of the completed Senior Experience: Spanish Multimedia Portfolio.
- A grade average of C is required for the major. At least four of the advanced Spanish courses (400-level and up) must be taken on the Appleton campus.
Required for the Spanish minor
- Six standard courses (or a minimum of 36 units) including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, two 500-level courses, and two electives. These can include a second 300-level course. The remaining electives must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship or up to six units from approved courses outside the department.
- A grade average of C is required for the minor. At least three of the advanced Spanish courses must be taken on the Appleton campus.
Teacher certification in Spanish (K-12)
Spanish majors can seek certification to teach Spanish at the elementary and secondary levels. To be certified, students must spend a term in a Spanish-speaking country studying the language and culture and must pass an oral and writing proficiency test. Students can add an endorsement for a second area (such as another language or English as a second language) by completing the appropriate minor. Students who plan to seek teacher certification should review the requirements in the Education section of the catalog and meet with the director of teacher education, preferably before the end of the sophomore year.
The Spanish department strongly advises majors and minors to participate in off-campus programs in Spain or Latin America to fulfill program requirements and complement departmental offerings. Non-majors with sufficient linguistic preparation are also encouraged to participate. Off-campus offerings include a variety of disciplines taught in Spanish, such as biology, psychology, government, economics, history, art history, music history, etc. Please contact the specific department, the Registrar and the Director of Off-Campus Programs for information on credit transfer toward requirements outside of the Spanish program.
Courses numbered 101-201 are primarily language and general culture courses. They introduce students to the most important linguistic skills until they reach an intermediate level of competency. Any SPAN 200-level class satisfies the general education requirement in language competency. SPAN 202 is a gateway course to the major but it does not count as one of the requirements. It provides intensive practice in the linguistic and analytic skills that students will need to succeed in subsequent classes. Courses numbered in the 300s provide communicative and intellectual development through the study of specific knowledge areas (literature, film, news media, linguistics). The 400-level courses provide more advanced exploration of cultural, socio-political, artistic, filmic and literary topics. Courses at the 500-level are seminars for advanced majors that delve into specific and sophisticated academic topics pertinent to our faculty’s fields of research and expertise. Students are expected to participate fluently in high-level academic discussions and produce superior scholarly work appropriate for this final stage in their college education.
Tutorial studies and independent projects can be pursued in courses numbered in the 390s and 590s, subject to faculty availability. Some internships are eligible to become a 595 course, subject to approval by the chair of the department and the availability of a faculty supervisor who will evaluate the corresponding academic project.
The one-unit capstone course (699) allows students to connect, reflect on, and expertly demonstrate all the areas of knowledge and proficiency achieved in the major. SPAN 699 can only be taken S/U.
Native and heritage speakers of Spanish are strongly encouraged to take the online placement exam and take Spanish courses at the recommended level for each student.
Note: The department does not offer tutorials, independent study, or directed study below the 300-level.
Senior Experience in Spanish
The Spanish department's Senior Experience consists of a multimedia portfolio that provides measurable evidence of the academic work, cultural competence, and communication skills required of Spanish majors. The portfolio is a requirement for completion of the major. It presents a collection of evidence that demonstrates a student's attainment of the learning goals established by the program. The portfolio also serves as a measure of students' steady progress towards those goals by allowing comparisons between early and recent academic work. Students are encouraged to provide a title for their portfolio that is appropriate and descriptive of its content.
Students pursuing double majors, double degrees or teacher certification are strongly encouraged to consult with their advisors and department chairs to plan their senior experiences as early as possible, especially if they are interested in pursuing an interdisciplinary capstone.
Spanish majors are required to submit their multimedia portfolio in the required format to the Spanish department by the third Friday of their final term at Lawrence. Spanish faculty members will assess the portfolio and communicate the outcome of their evaluation to the students by the seventh week of the term. Unapproved portfolios must be revised and resubmitted before the last day of classes in order for students to graduate.
The portfolio must include the following components:
- A cover letter*, in Spanish, which will specify the following:
- An Individualized Portfolio Theme
- A description of the content of the portfolio
- A reflective statement (in Spanish) of at least two pages, in which the student:
- Evaluates his/her development during the years as Spanish majors
- Justifies the selection of materials for the portfolio
- Links the samples to their interests
- Reflects on the improvement gained throughout their careers at Lawrence
- A list of the courses completed for the major.
- A minimum of 15 pages written in Spanish from 3 different courses of the student's choice at the 300-level and above. One of the three samples must be in the condition in which it was originally submitted and also revised, while the other two must be revised and thoroughly edited in order to reflect the student's current level of proficiency.
- Two spoken samples (two-minutes each) prepared and recorded independently by the student in a computer lab.
- Audio Sample 1: A reading of a text in Spanish
- Audio Sample 2: A presentation with the recommended multimedia software (see Moodle site). This presentation must be about an off-campus experience such as a study abroad, internship or immersion program away from the Appleton campus (at a Spanish-speaking location or internship assignment). It should include no fewer than 5 student-taken photos, accompanied by a recorded, voice-over commentary in Spanish done by the student. Students will use their own visuals (photos or short video clips). No copyrighted or third-party visual materials (e.g., photos from commercial guidebooks, or other people's photos from Flickr or Facebook) may be used as part of the project. After the presentation is submitted and approved, it will become part of a rotating showcase of students' experiences made available to on- and off- campus communities through departmental or Senior Experience websites.
The entire portfolio must be presented in electronic format through the required channels. Students should familiarize themselves with these departmental requirements at the time of declaring the major.
Important: Students must register to take an Independent Study (SPAN 699) for one (1) unit (S/U) with their assigned faculty evaluator during the term when they will submit their Portfolio.
Courses - Spanish
SPAN 101: Beginning SpanishAn introduction to the Spanish five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and individual lab practice. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 102: Beginning SpanishA continuation of Spanish 101 with intensive practice in the Spanish five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and individual lab practice. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 191: Directed Study in SpanishAn individual or small-group study directed towards the acquisition of knowledge or specific skills, not research or creative work. Directed studies are not a substitute for existing courses but opportunities to pursue pertinent introductory topics that clearly fall under the field of expertise of a faculty member in the department.
SPAN 195: Internship In SpanishAn opportunity for students to apply their Spanish language and culture skills in business, government and the non-profit sector. National or international internships are coordinated between the Office of Career Services and the Spanish faculty who acts as supervisor. In order to earn academic credit, internships must meet the required guidelines and receive prior approval from the Spanish chairperson. Credit requirements may include readings, discussions, and a report and/or portfolio. The faculty supervisor determines the submission calendar for internship-related assignments.
SPAN 200: Intensive Spanish 1, 2, and 3A concentrated six-week Spanish class encompassing from the beginning to the intermediate level. The course provides intensive practice of the five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and guided lab practice. Selected readings, written assignments and discussions serve to further develop linguistic and analytical skills. Completion of this course is the equivalent of SPAN 101, 102, and 201. Offered in the summer term only. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 201: Intermediate SpanishA continuation of Spanish 102. This intermediate course provides intensive practice in the Spanish five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and individual lab practice. Selected readings, written assignments and discussions serve to further develop linguistic and analytic skills in Spanish at the intermediate level. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 202: Intermediate SpanishA bridge between intermediate and advanced Spanish courses. The class provides comprehensive practice of all language skills with emphasis on achieving control of most structures, considerable breadth of vocabulary, and appropriate communicative competence. Selected readings, written assignments and discussions serve to further develop the linguistic and analytic skills needed for advanced study in Spanish.
SPAN 316: Gender, Politics, and Current Events in SpainA critical analysis and discussion of recent and current events in Spain with a focus on issues of gender and sexuality, immigration, and nationalism. Students study and present on topics that affect Spanish society today by reading, watching and listening to a variety of media sources, articles and theoretical readings.
SPAN 320: Introduction to Literary TextsAn introduction to the critical analysis of texts that represent various periods, genres and authors in Latin American and Spanish literature. Readings of texts and theory, class discussions and composition tasks prepare students for other advanced courses in the Spanish program.
SPAN 326: Narrative Writing in SpanishA course on writing in Spanish focused on narrative non-fiction, especially journalism and memoir. The course will be organized in a workshop-style, where students will share and critically engage with their peers’ writing. Readings will include contemporary journalism from Latin American and Spain. The course will build toward a final project in which students will write their own work of narrative journalism or memoir.
SPAN 345: Advanced Grammar StudiesIn-depth study of grammar, syntax, and composition that builds on concepts learned in the intermediate courses. Problem areas, particularly at the advanced level of the language, are studied systematically. Course does not count towards the humanities general education requirement for B.A. and B.A./B.Mus. students.
SPAN 350: Introduction to Spanish LinguisticsThis course offers an introduction to linguistics based on data from Spanish. We study the sound system of Spanish, the structure of its words, and how its sentences are formed and interpreted. We also consider how Spanish has changed over time and how it differs depending on where it is spoken. Written assignments and exams.
SPAN 390: Tutorial Studies in SpanishTopic of study will be determined by the student’s interest and the availability of a faculty member who has the necessary expertise. Tutorials are not substitutes for courses but opportunities to pursue topics suggested by courses.
SPAN 391: Directed Study in SpanishAn individual or small-group study directed towards the acquisition of knowledge or specific skills, not research or creative work. Directed studies are not a substitute for existing courses but opportunities to pursue pertinent topics that clearly fall under the field of expertise of a faculty member in the department.
SPAN 395: Internship In SpanishAn opportunity for students to apply their Spanish language and culture skills in business, government and the non-profit sector. National or international internships are coordinated between the Office of Career Services and the Spanish faculty who acts as supervisor. In order to earn academic credit, internships must meet the required guidelines and receive prior approval from the Spanish chairperson. Credit requirements may include readings, discussions, and a report and/or portfolio. The faculty supervisor determines the submission calendar for internship-related assignments.
SPAN 399: Independent Study in SpanishAn independent and thorough investigation of a topic of the student's choice, carried out in consultation with an instructor. The Spanish department chair must approve all independent studies in Spanish in advance.
SPAN 406: Cultures of the CaribbeanAn introduction to the literature and art of the Hispanophone Caribbean. Reading works ranging from the nineteenth century to the present, we will study how the culture of the Caribbean has chronicled and been shaped by the forces of slavery, capitalism and imperialism.
SPAN 407: Spanish In The UsA first approach to the study of Spanish in the United States through different lenses, including (but not limited to) the history of Spanish and its speakers in the U.S., a demographic overview of its varieties, sociopolitical factors surrounding its use, linguistic phenomena resulting from contact with English, and educational approaches to learning Spanish as a heritage language. Written assignments and exams.
SPAN 410: Gender, Politics, and Current Events in Latin AmericaA critical analysis of current events in Latin America with a focus on gender and political issues. Through films, magazine articles, fiction, and selected radio and television broadcasts from Latin America, students will study major events that relate and give expression to the cultural mores of Latin Americans within the realm of gender and politics. The course allows students to continue to develop their oral communication skills in the target language and, with a wide range of topics and interests, to work toward an understanding of gender issues and political events that have shaped and transformed Latin America.
SPAN 420: Comedia: Theory and PerformanceAn introduction to the major playwrights of early modern Spain and Latin America. Readings include plays, interludes, contemporary dramatic theory, and historical accounts of performance practices. Discussion topics include the ethics of theatrical performance, the construction of gender on stage, and the place of the comedia in the emergent empire.
SPAN 425: Latin American Visual ArtThe course introduces the cultures of Latin America through a survey of its major movements and artists from the early 19th century to the present. Image-based lectures will be accompanied by discussion of visual and thematically related texts (i.e., biographies, letters, scholarly articles) and carefully selected fragments of videos.
SPAN 426: Latin American Visual Art (in English)The course introduces the cultures of Latin America through a survey of its major movements and artists from the early 19th century to the present. Image-based lectures will be accompanied by discussion of visual and thematically related texts (i.e., biographies, letters, scholarly articles) and carefully selected fragments of videos. Taught in English.
SPAN 430: Introduction to FilmAn introduction to the critical analysis of Latin American and Spanish film. Selected films represent various countries, genres and directors from Latin America and Spain. Readings of relevant film theory, class discussions and composition tasks prepare students for other advanced courses in the Spanish program.
SPAN 466: Latin@ Studies (in English)This course covers the main cultural issues in Latin@ communities. It concentrates on the Latin@s of the United States, the definitions of these communities, and their cultural expressions. Through theoretical materials as well as literature, film, historical documents, testimony, etc., this course addresses a variety of subjects related to Latin@ culture. Taught in English.
SPAN 470: Visions of ConquestThis course explores the diverse accounts of the Spanish conquest of Latin America presented in contemporary historical writings and European and indigenous cultural artifacts. This course is held concurently with HIST 274. Lectures and discussions are in English, but reading and writing assignments are in Spanish. Students who wish to work only in English should register for HIST 374.
SPAN 485: Latin American Urban Cultures - Buenos AiresUrban cultures express the transformations of a globalized world. Taking the Buenos Aires case as its focus, the course analyzes the cultural production from, of, and about the city, from multiple perspectives, in order to achieve an understanding of the issues facing Latin American urban spaces in the 21st century.
SPAN 510: Survey of Peninsular Spanish I: Medieval, Renaissance, and BaroqueAn introduction to Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque Spanish literature, culture, and society. Reading and discussion of poetry, prose, and theatre from Spain in their historical and cultural contexts. Introduction to basic concepts of literary theory. Texts, discussion, and written assignments in Spanish. Additional materials such as films and paintings may be used for class discussions in order to contextualize readings.
SPAN 512: The (En)Gendering of Modern Spain: Gender and National Narratives from Romanticsm to the Avant-gardeA thematic analysis of Spanish literature and selected visual art from the Romantic period to the 1936 civil war. The course focuses on the connection between various artistic representations of gender and their (re)production or defiance of national narratives. Readings include works by renowned authors like Emilia Pardo Bazan and Federico Garcia Lorca, as well as avant-garde films and paintings by Luis Buñuel, Salvador Dali and Pablo Picasso.
SPAN 513: Translation in Context: the Theory, History, and Practice of Spanish TranslationThis course surveys the theory, history and practice of Spanish translation. In it, students acquire the knowledge and basic skills required for translation between Spanish and English while becoming acquainted with the history of translation. Course readings introduce relevant philosophical and political debates.
SPAN 514: Reading the Border: Gender, Texts and PerformanceThis course will focus on textual and cultural (re)presentations—including narratives, performance, film, photography and genre-defying texts—of the Central American-Mexio-U.S. borders, where spaces, race, violence and ethnicity become gendered. The course will cover the mid-1980s until contemporary times, a period tempered by the events of 9/11, as well as more recent political discourses focused on the border. Seminar with papers and a final project.
SPAN 515: Ruining the Imaginary of Paradise: Eco-Criticism in the Spanish-Speaking CaribbeanThis seminar examines the history and cultural expressions of the Spanish-speaking Caribbean--both the insular and the continental areas--from an eco-critical perspective. Parting from the so-called discovery, conquest and colonization and moving thorugh slavery, independence and postcolonial movements, the course provides an account of the exploitative processes of imperial powers that have imagined the Caribbean as a tropical paradise. Lecture/discussion with papers.
SPAN 520: Survey of Latin American Literature IA study of texts from Pre-Columbian and Spanish-speaking cultures from the 15th to 19th centuries, the period of “discovery writing” of Spanish colonies in Latin America, focusing on development and elaboration of genres and on the search for cultural and political emancipation from Spain.
SPAN 535: Topics in Literature and CultureTopics for special study in Spanish of Peninsular and Latin American literatures and cultures. Topics in this series vary from year to year, according to students’ and instructor’s needs and interests. The course may be repeated with consent of the instructor, if the topic has changed. Taught in Spanish.
Topic for Fall 2017: Orientalism in Latin America
Though often associated with European imperialism, orientalism has also played an important role in the history of Latin American literature and art. From D. F. Sarmiento to Octavio Paz, major literary figures in Latin America have written about Asia and participated in Orientalizing discourses. Students in this course will analyze the ideology of orientalism and explore how it is transformed when used among formerly colonized societies through papers and presentations.