Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Friday, April 19, 2019, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.
This catalog was created on Friday, April 19, 2019.
Offerings in the Spanish department include a wide range of courses on the Spanish language and the cultures and literatures of Spain, Latin America, and the Latino population of the United States. All readings, audiovisual materials, class discussions, and written work are in Spanish, unless specified otherwise. At the advanced level (SPAN 300/400/500), students examine significant linguistic and cultural topics through an integrated and interdisciplinary curriculum. The rigorous academic work involves intensive reading, writing, discussing and presenting in Spanish about each subject. The Spanish program has historically prepared students for successful careers in education, government, health, business, advertising, communications and a variety of positions in the U.S. and global marketplace. Some alumni pursue graduate study in the humanities, law, medicine, psychology, international relations, public policy and social work, among other fields. Spanish is already the second language of business in the United States. The advanced communication and critical thinking skills and intercultural competence developed by Spanish majors prepares them for fruitful careers and develops their awareness as global citizens.
Students who graduate with a major in Spanish acquire the following skills and knowledge:
- Advanced communicative ability in Spanish.
- Deep knowledge of different Spanish-speaking cultures through their literatures, visual arts, films and other cultural artifacts.
- The capability to establish connections with additional bodies of knowledge, cultures and peoples.
- The ability to make comparisons between Spanish and their native language, as well as between various Spanish-speaking cultures and their own.
- In short, the capacity to communicate expertly and participate critically in multilingual communities.
These goals represent what are known as the 5cs in national standards, which Spanish majors attain through the study of Latin American, Spanish Peninsular, and U.S. Latino cultures, literatures, cinema, arts and other forms of contemporary media, as well as linguistics and literary translation. This program of study requires an appropriately high competency in the Spanish language. To this end, all class discussions, assignments, and examinations are conducted in Spanish, except where specified.
All students who will take Spanish at Lawrence are required to take a placement examination. Students will be placed in courses according to their score in the placement test. At the course level of 300 and above, students should be mindful of the prerequisites to take a particular course and need to consult with a Spanish instructor before registering for the course. At whatever level students place, they should plan to begin their study of Spanish in the freshman year.
Meeting the language competency general education requirement
As part of its general education requirements, Lawrence requires all students to attain competency in a language other than English at the minimum level equivalent to three college terms of study (i.e. equivalent to successful completion of SPAN 201). Students can satisfy this requirement with one of the following options:
- Passing a SPAN 200-level class. Beginners can take SPAN 101, 102 and 201 in sequence (or the 18-unit intensive summer course, SPAN 200). Students must follow the recommendation accompanying your online placement score.
- Taking a written and oral competency examination in Spanish. Contact the Spanish department for scheduling this exam.
- A score equivalent to the second-year level on the CLEP examination in Spanish (63 and above). A CLEP score at the one-year level of competency is sufficient for Bachelor of Music students (52-63).
- A score of 630 or higher on the SAT Subject Spanish or Spanish with Listening exam.
- A score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement (AP) examination in Spanish Language and Culture exam. Credit equivalent to one 6-unit course at the SPAN 202 level.
- A score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement (AP) examination in Spanish Literature. Credit equivalent to one 6-unit course at the SPAN 300 level and it fulfills one course requirement toward the Spanish major or minor.
- A score of 6 or higher on the Spanish International Baccalaureate Examination at the advanced level. Carries credit equivalent to one 6-unit course at the SPAN 202 level.
- Providing documented proof (e.g., high school diploma) that the student’s high school program was conducted in Spanish. This option satisfies the language requirement but carries no academic credit.
Note: Lawrence University does not conduct the AP, IB, SAT II, or CLEP examinations. They can be taken at authorized test centers on a fee basis.
Required for the Spanish major
- Ten standard courses (or a minimum of 60 units) including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, four 500-level courses, and four electives. These can include a second 300-level course. The remaining electives must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship and up to six units from approved courses outside the department, chosen from the following offerings:
- ARHI 230: Baroque Art
- ARHI 270/271: Latin American Visual Art
- EDUC 563: Foreign Language Methods
- HIST 155: Gender in Latin American History 1490-1800
- HIST 178: Colonial Latin American History
- HIST 179: Modern Latin American History
- HIST 260: Culture and Power in Renaissance Europe
- HIST 261: Rebellion and Discipline in Reformation Europe
- HIST 371: The Rise and Fall of American Empires
- HIST 374: Visions of the Conquest
- HIST 378: Ethnicity in Latin America
- HIST 422: Revolt and Revolution in Latin America
- LING 150: Introduction to Linguistics
- ENG 150: Literary Analysis
- Approval of the completed Senior Experience: Spanish Multimedia Portfolio.
- A grade average of C is required for the major. At least four of the advanced Spanish courses (400-level and up) must be taken on the Appleton campus.
Required for the Spanish minor
- Six standard courses (or a minimum of 36 units) including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, two 500-level courses, and two electives. These can include a second 300-level course. The remaining electives must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship or up to six units from approved courses outside the department.
- A grade average of C is required for the minor. At least three of the advanced Spanish courses must be taken on the Appleton campus.
Teacher certification in Spanish (K-12)
Spanish majors can seek certification to teach Spanish at the elementary and secondary levels. To be certified, students must spend a term in a Spanish-speaking country studying the language and culture and must pass an oral and writing proficiency test. Students can add an endorsement for a second area (such as another language or English as a second language) by completing the appropriate minor. Students who plan to seek teacher certification should review the requirements in the Education section of the catalog and meet with the director of teacher education, preferably before the end of the sophomore year.
The Spanish department strongly advises majors and minors to participate in off-campus programs in Spain or Latin America to fulfill program requirements and complement departmental offerings. Non-majors with sufficient linguistic preparation are also encouraged to participate. Off-campus offerings include a variety of disciplines taught in Spanish, such as biology, psychology, government, economics, history, art history, music history, etc. Please contact the specific department, the Registrar and the Director of Off-Campus Programs for information on credit transfer toward requirements outside of the Spanish program.
Courses numbered 101-201 are primarily language and general culture courses. They introduce students to the most important linguistic skills until they reach an intermediate level of competency. Any SPAN 200-level class satisfies the general education requirement in language competency. SPAN 202 is a gateway course to the major but it does not count as one of the requirements. It provides intensive practice in the linguistic and analytic skills that students will need to succeed in subsequent classes. Courses numbered in the 300s provide communicative and intellectual development through the study of specific knowledge areas (literature, film, news media, linguistics). The 400-level courses provide more advanced exploration of cultural, socio-political, artistic, filmic and literary topics. Courses at the 500-level are seminars for advanced majors that delve into specific and sophisticated academic topics pertinent to our faculty’s fields of research and expertise. Students are expected to participate fluently in high-level academic discussions and produce superior scholarly work appropriate for this final stage in their college education.
Tutorial studies and independent projects can be pursued in courses numbered in the 390s and 590s, subject to faculty availability. Some internships are eligible to become a 595 course, subject to approval by the chair of the department and the availability of a faculty supervisor who will evaluate the corresponding academic project.
The one-unit capstone course (699) allows students to connect, reflect on, and expertly demonstrate all the areas of knowledge and proficiency achieved in the major. SPAN 699 can only be taken S/U.
Native and heritage speakers of Spanish are strongly encouraged to take the online placement exam and take Spanish courses at the recommended level for each student.
Note: The department does not offer tutorials, independent study, or directed study below the 300-level.
Senior Experience in Spanish
The Spanish department's Senior Experience consists of a multimedia portfolio that provides measurable evidence of the academic work, cultural competence, and communication skills required of Spanish majors. The portfolio is a requirement for completion of the major. It presents a collection of evidence that demonstrates a student's attainment of the learning goals established by the program. The portfolio also serves as a measure of students' steady progress towards those goals by allowing comparisons between early and recent academic work. Students are encouraged to provide a title for their portfolio that is appropriate and descriptive of its content.
Students pursuing double majors, double degrees or teacher certification are strongly encouraged to consult with their advisors and department chairs to plan their senior experiences as early as possible, especially if they are interested in pursuing an interdisciplinary capstone.
Spanish majors are required to submit their multimedia portfolio in the required format to the Spanish department by the third Friday of their final term at Lawrence. Spanish faculty members will assess the portfolio and communicate the outcome of their evaluation to the students by the seventh week of the term. Unapproved portfolios must be revised and resubmitted before the last day of classes in order for students to graduate.
The portfolio must include the following components:
- A cover letter*, in Spanish, which will specify the following:
- An Individualized Portfolio Theme
- A description of the content of the portfolio
- A reflective statement (in Spanish) of at least two pages, in which the student:
- Evaluates his/her development during the years as Spanish majors
- Justifies the selection of materials for the portfolio
- Links the samples to their interests
- Reflects on the improvement gained throughout their careers at Lawrence
- A list of the courses completed for the major.
- A minimum of 15 pages written in Spanish from 3 different courses of the student's choice at the 300-level and above. One of the three samples must be in the condition in which it was originally submitted and also revised, while the other two must be revised and thoroughly edited in order to reflect the student's current level of proficiency.
- Two spoken samples (two-minutes each) prepared and recorded independently by the student in a computer lab.
- Audio Sample 1: A reading of a text in Spanish
- Audio Sample 2: A presentation with the recommended multimedia software (see Moodle site). This presentation must be about an off-campus experience such as a study abroad, internship or immersion program away from the Appleton campus (at a Spanish-speaking location or internship assignment). It should include no fewer than 5 student-taken photos, accompanied by a recorded, voice-over commentary in Spanish done by the student. Students will use their own visuals (photos or short video clips). No copyrighted or third-party visual materials (e.g., photos from commercial guidebooks, or other people's photos from Flickr or Facebook) may be used as part of the project. After the presentation is submitted and approved, it will become part of a rotating showcase of students' experiences made available to on- and off- campus communities through departmental or Senior Experience websites.
The entire portfolio must be presented in electronic format through the required channels. Students should familiarize themselves with these departmental requirements at the time of declaring the major.
Important: Students must register to take an Independent Study (SPAN 699) for one (1) unit (S/U) with their assigned faculty evaluator during the term when they will submit their Portfolio.