Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Monday, May 27, 2019, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

2017-2018 Course Catalog


This catalog was created on Monday, May 27, 2019.


While Lawrence does not offer a college major in education, the education department does prepare students to become licensed elementary and secondary school teachers in public and private schools.  Lawrence graduates who have completed the teacher education program are eligible to be certified for licensure in all states.  In addition to certification for licensure, the department introduces students to the study of education as an academic discipline within the liberal arts. An education studies minor is available. Courses in education studies (EDST) are open to all students and may be counted toward fulfilling the General Education Requirement (GER) in social sciences. The department also offers tutorial and independent-study opportunities for students interested in education policy, history of education, educational anthropology and psychology, philosophy of education, and the practical application of education methodology in a variety of settings.

Teacher certification for undergraduates

Students who seek certification to teach middle or senior high school (early adolescence through adolescence) may choose from nearly all majors, including the social sciences, history, the natural sciences, mathematics, mathematics-computer science, computer science, theatre arts, English, English as a second language, and environmental science. (Students planning to teach instrumental or vocal music must be admitted to the Conservatory. Please see the Conservatory of Music for more information.)

Students who want to teach art or foreign language (Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Latin, Russian and Spanish) and music (choral, general or instrumental) receive special-field certification for teaching early childhood through adolescence (K-12).

Lawrence offers certification for students interested in becoming elementary school teachers (early childhood through early adolescence). Open to all majors, college or conservatory, this innovative program is a post-baccalaureate, yearlong apprenticeship in an Appleton public elementary school, during which students learn to teach by working alongside a master veteran teacher. For that year there is a special, significantly reduced, tuition fee.  

For further information about required courses and other program requirements as well as costs, please contact Lawrence’s Director of Teacher Education.

For certification in social studies and the natural sciences, students elect a single discipline as their major—for example, history or chemistry—and may also pursue an interdisciplinary “broad fields” course of study.

Many academic subjects (e.g., English) permit a “minor” for certification purposes, thereby affording the student both major and minor teaching opportunities in the schools. In all subject areas, certification requires completing a Lawrence major or its equivalent with a minimum GPA of 2.75 in the major and cumulative. Please see “Major subject area requirements” for specific disciplinary requirements.

Students who wish to qualify for a teaching license should plan their schedule with the chair of the education department as early as possible in their Lawrence career. Students who enter Lawrence knowing that they want to become certified to teach can do so within the four-year undergraduate program. Before student teaching, which must occur in the senior year or in a 13th term, students must be admitted to the teacher education program. Graduation must precede certification for licensure.

Generally, all education courses except EDST 175 and EDST 180 require sophomore standing. EDUC 560, 563 and 555 and ART 585, methods of teaching, must be taken during the Term III that immediately precedes student teaching.

Student teaching assignments for 18-week public or private school semesters are contracted with local Fox Valley schools, in Chicago via the Chicago Center’s Urban Teaching Practicum or the ACM Urban Education Program, or in 17 different countries overseas through Lawrence's International Student Teaching Program. A 13th term of student teaching with greatly reduced tuition (see Tuition, Fees, and Financial Assistance) is available for Lawrence undergraduates who have completed all graduation requirements except the student teaching cluster of courses and wish to be certified. Elementary apprenticeships take place in the Appleton Public Schools. Ask the department chair for details and for information on additional requirements. The 18-week student teaching practicum must take place within one year of graduation; the elementary practicum follows graduation.

In some majors, students planning to student teach during the senior year may substitute student teaching for, or incorporate it into, their department’s Senior Experience. Interested students should consult with their major advisor as early as possible in the junior year.

Certification for graduates

Students who have graduated from college, whether they attended Lawrence or another college or university, can be certified for licensure through Lawrence. Typically, the certification program for graduates takes 1 1/2 years, which includes the required 18 weeks of student teaching. (Program length may vary depending on undergraduate major and coursework.) Graduates should consult the department chair for further information about the certification program.

Graduates seeking certification must attain qualifying scores on a standardized academic skills test (Praxis I PPST, Praxis Core, ACT, SAT or GRE) and pass the subject area test (Praxis II or ACTFL) in their certification area before they apply to be admitted to the teacher education program. Other requirements for admittance (e.g., 2.75 GPA) and certification are listed in Lawrence’s Teacher Certification Handbook, which is available from the education department.

Tuition for Lawrence graduates participating in this program is set at 50 percent of the current year’s tuition rate, and the student teaching fee is adjusted by 50 percent.

For non-Lawrence graduates, tuition for courses required for certification outside the degree-seeking student program is set at 75 percent of the current year’s tuition rate. A separate fee is charged for the student-teaching portion of the program, for which the student earns 18 units of credit.

Graduates who did not attend Lawrence and who wish to teach elementary school can also be certified for licensure through Lawrence.  There is a reduced tuition fee for the apprenticeship year and required education courses.  A 3.0 cumulative GPA is required.  Interested candidates should consult the department chair for further information.

General requirements, all students and subject areas (except elementary education)

In addition to the required education courses, all students seeking certification must complete a major (or its equivalent) in the subject they plan to teach. To receive a minor endorsement, students must complete a department-approved minor or a minimum of seven courses in the discipline. Students seeking licensure must also complete the Lawrence University General Education Requirements, including a course in a non-Western history or culture, a course in a physical science, a course in a biological or life science, and a mathematics course.

For Wisconsin licensure, social science majors need to take Cooperatives, which is an adjunct to Education 560. Natural science and social studies candidates are required to take an environmental studies course.

Students who want to become licensed must be admitted to Lawrence’s teacher education program. Please see the department chair or the department’s administrative assistant for the application form and list of requirements. Students seeking licensure should also consult Lawrence’s Teacher Certification Handbook, which is available from the education department, for further information and requirements.

A cumulative GPA of 2.75 is required for program admission as well as for certification for licensure. Before they may student teach, students must attain a 3.00 major GPA or a passing score on the subject area assessment (Praxis II Subject Assessment or ACTFL foreign language oral and writing proficiency tests) for each subject in which they intend to be licensed. As of September 1, 2015, all candidates must attain passing scores on the edTPA, a teacher performance assessment completed during student teaching, in order to be certified for licensure. Additional requirements are spelled out in the Teacher Certification Handbook and on the department website.

Students should be aware that certification requirements are subject to revision, and students must satisfy the requirements in force at the time of program completion. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm requirements with the chair of the education department.

Required education courses for certification in all academic areas at the middle, junior and senior high school levels

Please consult the Education Department Chair for the elementary course requirements.

Please see “Major subject area requirements” below and “The major in music education” for additional course requirements.

Course Lawrence course credit, in units Certification semester hours
EDST 180: Psychology of Learning 6 4
EDST 350: Ethnicity, Cultural Diversity and Education 6 4
EDUC 430: Educating All Learners (College only) 6 3
EDUC 431: Educating All Learners in Music (Conservatory only) 3 3
EDST 440: Sociology of Education 6 4

The appropriate teaching methods course for your certification area:

Course Lawrence course credit, in units Certification semester hours
EDUC 560: Methods in Middle and Secondary Teaching 6 4
EDUC 563: Elementary and Secondary Foreign Language Methods 6 4
EDUC 565: Methods, Materials and Assessment in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages†† 6 4
EDUC 585: Art in the Elementary and Secondary Schools††† 6 4
EDUC 650 or 655: Student Teaching 18 12
EDUC 660: Advanced Methods in Teaching 3 3

† Required for foreign language certification only
†† Required for ESL certification only
††† Required for art certification only

Major subject area requirements

A major consists of the 11 courses required for a studio art major, plus ART 585. See Certification for Teaching K-12 for further information regarding studio requirements and recommendations for art education certification. ART 585 should be taken in the Term III immediately prior to student teaching (EDUC 650).
A major consists of a minimum of 10 courses. In addition to demonstrating a familiarity with contemporary literature of world scope, students must submit evidence of coursework in composition, linguistics or history of the English language, literature for adolescents and literature of minority groups in America. Adolescent literature may be fulfilled by taking three units of tutorial study in education (EDUC 390 or 590) devoted to literature for adolescents. A minor is available.
English as a second language (ESL/ELL)
A major endorsement is available in ESL/ELL and requires completion of the following: the education certification sequence (e.g., EDST 180, EDST 440, EDUC 650, etc.); the four course ESL/ELL sequence of Linguistics 150, Linguistics 360, Linguistics 530 and EDUC 565; and an academic major in any one of the liberal arts and sciences. Students may also add ESL/ELL certification to certification in another area (e.g., English, music education, biology, history, etc.).
Foreign languages
A major in Chinese, Classics, French, German, Japanese, Russian, or Spanish consists of 10 courses. Seven courses make up the minor option. It is required that students spend a term in a country studying its native language. To be certified, students must pass an oral and writing proficiency test.
Mathematics-computer science; computer science
A major consists of 10 courses.
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
See the major in music education.
Natural sciences
Students are licensed in physical science (chemistry and/or physics), earth and space science (geology), or life and environmental science (biology and/or environmental science). Students must complete a Lawrence major in one science (e.g., biology) and take at least one course from each of the other sciences. A course in astronomy or space science or a course that includes either as a topic is also required. Please see the department chair for further information.
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
Geology/Earth science
A major consists of 10 courses, including astronomy and oceanography, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in other science subjects; a minor is available.
Environmental science
A major consists of 10 courses, plus courses in the other science subjects; a minor is available. Students must take Education/Environmental Studies 400 and should fulfill the science-track requirements of the environmental studies major. (Students are urged to major in one of the other sciences and minor in environmental studies if they plan to teach at the secondary level.)
Broad fields science
A broad-fields science license is available. To be eligible, students must complete the requirements to be certified in one of the science majors (biology, chemistry, environmental science, geology/earth science and physics), a minimum of two courses in each of two other science disciplines and at least one course in each of the remaining sciences.
Social studies
Wisconsin licenses in the social sciences and history are grouped within the broad category of social studies. Students must complete a Lawrence major in any social science or history and take one course in each of the remaining social sciences (including history). An environmental studies course is also required. (Non-history majors are strongly urged to take a minimum of two history courses, one in U.S. history and one in global history.)
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available. (Note: Wisconsin does not offer separate licensure in anthropology.)
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
Political science (Government)
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.
Broad fields social studies
A broad-fields social studies license is available. To be eligible, students must complete the requirements to be certified in one of the social sciences (anthropology/sociology, economics, history, political science [government], or psychology), a minimum of two courses each in two of the other social studies, and at least one course in each of the remaining social studies. Instruction in consumer cooperatives and conservation is incorporated into the methodology course Education 560.
Theatre arts
A major consists of 10 courses; a minor is available.