Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Thursday, April 25, 2019, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

2014-2015 Course Catalog

Period: 2018-20192017-20182016-20172015-20162014-2015

This catalog was created on Thursday, April 25, 2019.


Offerings in the Spanish department include a wide range of courses in the Spanish language, as well as in the cultures and literatures of Spain and Latin America. All readings, audiovisual materials, class discussions, and written work are in Spanish, unless specified otherwise in course descriptions. At the advanced level (SPAN 300+), students examine significant linguistic and cultural issues through a content-based curriculum. This requires rigorous academic work that involves intensive reading, writing, listening, and speaking in Spanish. The program prepares students for successful careers in foreign language teaching, bilingual education, government, business, advertising, communications, and a variety of positions in the international marketplace. Some of our alumni pursue graduate study in languages and literature, law, medicine, international relations, public policy, and social work, among other fields. Spanish is already the second language of business in the United States. The advanced level of competence and knowledge gained by Spanish majors (often complemented by another area of specialization) not only prepares graduates for fruitful careers in various professional fields, but also develops their awareness as global citizens.


Students who graduate with a major in Spanish acquire the following skills and knowledge:

  • an appropriately high ability to communicate in Spanish;
  • knowledge of different Spanish-speaking cultures through their literatures, visual arts, films, and other cultural artifacts;
  • the capability to establish connections with additional bodies of knowledge, cultures, and peoples;
  • the ability to make comparisons between Spanish and their native language, as well as between various Spanish-speaking cultures and their own;
  • in short, the capacity to communicate and to participate critically in multilingual communities.

These goals represent what are known as the 5c’s in national standards, which Spanish majors attain through the study of Latin American and Peninsular literatures and cultures (both textual and audiovisual). This program of study requires an appropriately high competency in the Spanish language. To this end, all class discussions, assignments, and examinations are conducted in Spanish, except where specified.


Students interested in taking Spanish for the first time at Lawrence are required to take a placement examination. Students will be placed in courses according to their grade in the placement test. At the course level of 300 and above, students should be mindful of the prerequisites to take a particular course and need to consult with a Spanish instructor before registering for the course. At whatever level students place, they should plan to begin their study of Spanish in the freshman or sophomore year.

Foreign Language Competency GER

As part of its General Education Requirements, Lawrence requires all students to attain a foreign language competency at the minimum level equivalent to three college terms of study (i.e., equivalent to successful completion of SPAN 201). Students can satisfy this requirement with one of the following options:

  • Successfully completing all, or appropriate sections of, the SPAN 101-102-201 sequence, depending on the results of the Lawrence placement examination in Spanish.
  • For students taking Spanish for the first time at Lawrence, placing above the level of SPAN 201 on the Lawrence placement examination in Spanish; and providing additional proof of competence (contact departmental chairperson for details). NOTE: this option satisfies the language requirement, but carries no additional academic credit.
  • obtaining the score equivalent to the level of second year on the CLEP examination in Spanish. NOTE: the CLEP satisfies the language requirement, but carries no additional academic credit. Placing below the second year level will require taking the Lawrence placement test before being allowed to enroll in Spanish courses; CLEP at the level equivalent to one year''''''''s college work is sufficient for Music Conservatory majors.
  • obtaining a score of 630 or higher on the SAT II Spanish or Spanish with Listening exam; NOTE: this option satisfies the language requirement, but carries no additional academic credit; placing below 630 level will require taking the Lawrence placement test before being allowed to enroll in Spanish courses
  • obtaining a score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement (AP) examination in Spanish Language or Spanish Literature. This option satisfies the requirement and carries credit equivalent to one 6unit course. The AP Literature examination with a score of 4 or 5 will be transferred as part of the Spanish major / Minor as equivalent to Spanish 320 Introduction to Literary texts. The AP Language examination with a score of 4 or 5 will be transferred as part of the Spanish major / Minor as equivalent to a Spanish 300-level course.
  • obtaining a score of 6 or higher on the Spanish International Baccalaureate Examination at the advanced level; this option satisfies the requirement and carries credit equivalent to one 6 unit course.

Note: Lawrence University does not conduct the CLEP, SAT, AP, or IBO examinations. They can be taken at numerous authorized centers on a fee basis.

Required for the Spanish major

  • Ten standard courses (or a minimum of 60 units) above SPAN 202, including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, four 500-level courses, and four electives. These can include one 300-level course. The remaining electives must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship and up to six units from approved courses outside the department, chosen from the following offerings:
    • ARHI 230: Baroque Art
    • ARHI 270/271: Latin American Visual Art
    • EDUC 563: Foreign Language Methods
    • HIST 155: Gender in Latin American History 1490-1800
    • HIST 178: Colonial Latin American History
    • HIST 179: Modern Latin American History
    • HIST 260: Culture and Power in Renaissance Europe
    • HIST 261: Rebellion and Discipline in Reformation Europe
    • HIST 371: The Rise and Fall of American Empires
    • HIST 374: Visions of the Conquest
    • HIST 378: Ethnicity in Latin America
    • HIST 422: Revolt and Revolution in Latin America
    • LING 150: Introduction to Linguistics
    • ENG 150: Literary Analysis
  • Approval of the completed Senior Experience: Spanish Multimedia Portfolio.
  • A grade average of C is required for the major. At least four of the advanced Spanish courses must be taken on the Appleton campus.

Required for the Spanish minor

Six standard courses (or a minimum of 36 units) above SPAN 202, including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, two 500-level courses, and two electives. These can include one 300-level course. The remaining elective must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship or up to six units from approved courses outside the department. A grade average of C is required for the minor. At least three of the advanced Spanish courses must be taken on the Appleton campus.

Teaching Certification

The Spanish department offers a course of study that prepares its majors to teach Spanish at the elementary and secondary level. Students interested in becoming licensed to teach Spanish, K-12, should plan to complete the major and should consult with the Education department about certification requirements.

Study abroad

The Spanish department strongly advises majors and minors to participate in off-campus programs in Latin America or Spain to fulfill program requirements and complement departmental offerings. Non-majors with sufficient linguistic preparation are also encouraged to participate in sponsored programs. Lawrence University offers a variety of off-campus courses in various disciplines, such as Biology, Government, Art, History, and Music. Please contact the department chair or the off-campus programs office for additional information.


At the beginning and intermediate levels, courses are numbered to indicate relative difficulty. Courses numbered 101-201 are primarily language courses and require the least proficiency in Spanish. They introduce students to the most important grammatical concepts and linguistic skills, making gradual progress to an intermediate level of competency. Any SPAN 200-level class satisfies the General Education Requirement in Foreign Language Competency. SPAN 202 is a gateway course to advanced offerings in the major. It provides intensive practice in the linguistic and analytic skills that students will need to succeed in subsequent classes. Courses numbered in the 300s provide linguistic development through the study of specific academic subjects. They introduce the student to the analyses of literature and film, advanced grammatical concepts, and phonetics. The 400-level courses provide continued practice in linguistic and academic skills through the exploration of a variety of cultural, political, artistic and literary topics. Courses at the 500-level are seminars for advanced majors. They explore a variety of topics and materials pertinent to our faculty’s fields of research and expertise. Students are expected to participate fluently in high-level academic discussions and produce superior scholarly work appropriate for this last stage in their education.
Capstone courses (600s) allow students to delve into highly advanced topics that connect with the contents of SPAN 500-level courses. They bring together all the areas of knowledge and proficiency in order to research a particular issue in depth. Other tutorial studies and independent projects can be pursued in courses numbered in the 390s and 590s, subject to faculty availability and approval by the chair of the department.
Native speakers are strongly encouraged to only take Spanish courses above 400; they will only be allowed to take 300-level courses with instructor’s approval. Note: The department does not offer DS/Tutorials/IS below the 300-level.

Senior Experience in Spanish

The Spanish Department’s Senior Experience consists of a Multimedia Portfolio that provides measurable evidence demonstrating that students have developed the intellectual qualities, knowledge and linguistic skills essential to their future success. The portfolio is a requirement for completion of the major. It presents a collection of evidence sufficient to prove that a student has achieved the learning goals established by the program. The portfolio also serves as a measure of students’ steady progress towards those goals by allowing comparisons between early class assignments (audio or written) and later ones, so that students can gauge their improvement and focus on the development of specific skills. Students are encouraged to provide a title for their portfolio that is appropriate and descriptive of its content.

Students pursuing double majors, double degrees, and education certification are strongly encouraged to consult with their advisors and department chairs to plan their overall senior experience as early as possible, especially if they are interested in pursuing an interdisciplinary capstone that integrates both majors, or combines their student teaching with a project in their major.

Spanish majors are required to submit their multimedia portfolio in the required format to the Spanish Department by Friday of the third week of their final term at Lawrence. Spanish faculty members assigned by the chairperson will assess the portfolio and communicate the outcome of their evaluation to the students by the seventh week of the term. Unapproved portfolios must be revised and resubmitted before the last day of classes in order for students to graduate.

The portfolio must include the following components:

  1. A cover letter*, in Spanish, which will specify the following:
    • an Individualized Portfolio Theme,
    • a description of the content of the portfolio
    • a reflective statement (in Spanish) of at least two pages, in which the student
      • evaluates his/her development during the years as Spanish majors,
      • justifies the selection of materials for the portfolio,
      • links the samples to their interests, and
      • reflects on the improvement gained throughout their careers at LU.

    *This part of the portfolio is expected to be error free

  2. A list of the courses completed for the major.
  3. A minimum of 15 pages written in Spanish from 3 different courses of the student’s choice at the 300-level and above. One of the three samples must be in the condition in which it was originally submitted, while the other two must be revised and thoroughly edited in order to reflect the student’s current level of proficiency.
  4. Two spoken samples (two-minutes each) prepared and recorded independently by the student in a computer lab.
    • Audio Sample 1: A reading of a text in Spanish
    • Audio Sample 2: A presentation with the recommended multimedia software (see Moodle site).
      This presentation must be about an off-campus experience such as a study abroad, internship or immersion program away from the Appleton campus (at a Spanish-speaking location or internship assignment). It should include no fewer than 5 student-taken photos, accompanied by a recorded, voice-over commentary in Spanish done by the student. Students will use their own visuals (photos or short video clips), whenever possible. No third-party visual materials (e.g., photos from commercial guidebooks, or other people''''''''s photos from Flickr or Facebook) may be used as part of the project. After the presentation is submitted and approved, it will become part of a rotating showcase of students’ experiences made available to on- and off- campus communities through departmental or Senior Experience websites.

The entire portfolio must be presented in electronic format through the required channels. Students should familiarize themselves with these departmental requirements at the time of declaring the major. Important: Students must register for take an Independent Study for one (1) unit (S/U) with their assigned faculty evaluator during the term when they will submit their Portfolio.

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