Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Wednesday, March 20, 2019, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.

2014-2015 Course Catalog

Period: 2018-20192017-20182016-20172015-20162014-2015

This catalog was created on Wednesday, March 20, 2019.


Conservatory of Music


Bachelor of Music Degree

The Bachelor of Music is a professional degree. Courses in music represent approximately two-thirds of the curriculum, while one-third is devoted to Freshman Studies and General Education Requirements.

In addition to academic policies and regulations, students in the conservatory are subject to policies and procedures detailed in conservatory department guidelines and the Conservatory Student Handbook.

Admission to the Degree

An entrance audition is required of all applicants for admission to the Bachelor of Music degree. Bachelor of Arts students who wish to become Bachelor of Music students must petition the Conservatory Committee on Administration for admission. Bachelor of Music students who wish to become Bachelor of Arts students must petition the University Faculty Subcommittee on Administration for acceptance into the Bachelor of Arts degree program. Such changes are not normally allowed before the end of the freshman year nor later than the beginning of the junior year.

Degree Requirements

  1. Completion of a minimum of 216 units. The following music courses are used in the computation of the degree grade-point average but are excluded from the total of 216 units required for the degree: MURP 201, 202, 203, 301, 302 and MUTH 161, 162, 171, 172.
  2. Of the 216 units required to complete the degree, a student must present:
    1. a minimum of 144 units in music
    2. a minimum of 60 units in courses other than music.
    3. no more than 12 units from academic internships
    The additional 12 units may be selected from any department.
  3. In the freshman year, 12 units of Freshman Studies.
  4. Completion of the General Education Requirements:
    1. 6 units selected from courses designated as writing intensive
    2. International diversity. One of the following:
      1. 6 units selected from courses designated as either emphasizing global and comparative perspectives on the world or focusing on areas outside Europe and the United States
      2. 12 units selected from courses numbered below 200 in a single foreign language. This requirement may also be satisfied by attaining a score of 4 or 5 on an Advanced Placement examination or by passing a proficiency examination administered by a Lawrence University foreign language department.
      3. Participation for one term in a Lawrence or affiliated off-campus study program held outside the United States
    Note: While some music courses may satisfy General Education Requirements, a minimum of 60 units in courses other than music is required for the degree.

    Stipulations Pertaining to the General Education Requirements

    A single course may be used to satisfy both requirement a. and requirement b. above. Credits granted pursuant to university policy for advanced placement or for transfer work may be used to fulfill General Education Requirement (see also Evaluation of Credit for Transfer Students).
  5. Completion of music core requirements:
    1. Music theory
      1. MUTH 151, 161, 171 or MUTH 201, 211, 221
      2. MUTH 152, 162, 172 or MUTH 202, 212, 222
      3. MUTH 251, 261, and 271
      4. MUTH 252, 262, and 272
      5. MUTH 301, 311, and 321
    2. Music history
      1. MUHI 201 and 202
      2. 12 units selected from courses in music history numbered 400 or above
    3. Keyboard skills: MURP 201, 202, 203 or MURP 301, 302
    4. Applied music individual instruction as specified under requirements for the major and areas of emphasis
    5. Ensemble study: a minimum of 12 units. Students are required to participate in an ensemble every term in which they are attending classes on the Appleton campus. Requirements for specific types of ensemble study (MUEN) are specified under requirements for majors and areas of emphasis.
  6. Completion of a major in music — performance, music education, theory/composition, or student-designed — including all course and non-course requirements, such as recitals, qualifying examinations, etc.
  7. An academic record that meets the following standards:
    1. A 2.000 grade-point average in all Lawrence courses.
    2. A 2.000 grade-point average in the music major (all music courses and non-music courses required for the major) unless otherwise specified under the major requirements.
  8. Completion of required terms and units in residence as specified by the residence requirements.

Music Repertoire - Performance Study

Piano

  1. Piano performance: 54 units
    1. A minimum of 54 units in MUIN 301
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Supporting courses for the major: 18 units
    1. MURP 451, 452: Literature of the Piano I, II (12 units)
    2. MUEP 301, 302: Piano Pedagogy I, II (6 units)
  3. Keyboard skills: MURP 301, 302: Functional Skills for Keyboard Majors I, II
  4. Ensemble: 12 units
    1. 3 units in major ensemble
    2. 3 units in chamber music
    3. 6 units in MUEN 250: Supervised Accompanying

Organ

  1. Organ performance: 54 units
    1. A minimum of 54 units in MUIN 302
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Supporting courses for the major: 9 units
    1. MURP 390: Tutorial Survey of Organ Literature, Design, Pedagogy and Performance Practice (3 units)
    2. Keyboard skills: MURP 301, 302: Functional Skills for Keyboard Majors
    3. MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  3. Music theory/history/composition/arranging: 6 units from courses numbered 300 or above beyond degree requirements
  4. Ensemble: 12 units
    1. 3 units in major ensemble
    2. 3 units in chamber music
    3. 6 units in major ensemble, chamber music, or supervised accompanying

Harpsichord

  1. Harpsichord performance: 54 units
    1. A minimum of 54 units in MUIN 319
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Supporting courses for the major: 7 units
    1. MURP 390: Tutorial Harpsichord Accompaniment (1 unit)
    2. Keyboard skills: MURP 301, 302: Functional Skills for Keyboard Majors I, II
    3. MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
    4. MUEP 390: Tutorial Harpsichord Pedagogy (1 unit)
  3. Music theory/history/composition/arranging: 6 units from courses numbered 300 or above beyond degree requirements
  4. Ensemble: 12 units
    1. 3 units in major ensemble
    2. 3 units in chamber music
    3. 6 units in major ensemble, chamber music, or supervised accompanying
  5. General Education: French or German must be taken to fulfill the international diversity requirement

Voice

  1. Voice performance: 54 units
    1. A minimum of 54 units in MUIN 303
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Supporting courses for the major: 19 units
    1. MURP 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276: vocal diction and technique series (6 units)
    2. MURP 455: Vocal Literature (3 units)
    3. MUEP 371, 372: Vocal Science & Pedagogy I, II (4 units)
    4. MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  3. Ensemble: 18 units
    1. 6 units in MUEN 272/275
    2. 6 additional units in a major choral ensemble
    3. 6 units in opera theatre (MUEN 280: Performance Skills for Singers required, preferably in the first year)
  4. General Education:
    1. 12 units each of courses taught in two of the following languages (or placement at the intermediate level): French, German, or Italian. Must be taken for a grade.
    2. Non-music courses must include THAR 187: Acting I

Strings: violin, viola, violoncello, doublebass

  1. String performance: 60 units
    1. A minimum of 60 units in MUIN 304, 305, 306, or 307
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Pedagogy: One course selected from MUEP 245, 250, 252, 333, or 334 (1-3 units)
  3. Conducting: MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  4. Music theory/history/composition/arranging: 6 units from courses numbered 300 or above beyond degree requirements
  5. Ensemble: 18 units
    1. 12 units in MUEN 290: Symphony Orchestra
    2. Chamber music: 6 units, 3 units of which must be completed after the student has passed the qualifying examination for the major

Classical guitar

  1. Guitar performance: 60 units
    1. A minimum of 60 units in MUIN 308
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Supporting courses for the major: 9 units
    1. MURP 315: Fretboard Harmony for the Classical Guitarist (1 unit)
    2. MUEP 304: Guitar Pedagogy (1 unit)
    3. MURP 317: History and Literature of the Guitar (1 unit)
    4. MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  3. Music theory/history/composition/arranging: 6 units from courses numbered 300 or above beyond degree requirements
  4. Ensemble: 12 units
    1. 3 units in major ensemble,
    2. 3 units in chamber music, and
    3. 6 units in major ensemble or chamber music

Winds: flute, oboe, clarinet, saxophone, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, euphonium, tuba

  1. Wind performance: 60 units
    1. A minimum of 60 units in MUIN 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, or 318
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Pedagogy: One course selected from MUEP 245, 259, 260, or 261 (3 units)
  3. Conducting: MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  4. Music theory/history/composition/arranging: 6 units from courses numbered 300 or above beyond degree requirements
  5. Ensemble: 15 units
    1. 6 units in MUEN 285: Wind Ensemble, 3 units of which must be taken after the student has passed the qualifying examination for the major, and
    2. 6 units in a major instrumental ensemble
    3. 3 units of chamber music

Percussion

  1. Percussion performance: 54 units
    1. A minimum of 54 units in MUIN 320
    2. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
  2. Pedagogy: MUEP 245: Instrumental Pedagogy (3 units)
  3. Conducting: MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  4. Music theory/history/composition/arranging: 6 units from courses numbered 300 or above beyond degree requirements
  5. Ensemble: 16 units
    1. 12 units in a major instrumental ensemble, including
      1. 3 units in MUEN 285: Wind Ensemble, and
      2. 3 units in MUEN 290: Symphony Orchestra (A minimum of 3 units in MUEN 285 or MUEN 290 must be completed after the student has passed the qualifying examination for the major.)
    2. 4 units of MUEN 230: Percussion Ensemble (one term each year for four years)

Senior Experience in Music Performance

The required senior recital is considered the standard Senior Experience for students in the performance major. Students have the option of proposing enhancements to the senior recital or alternative performance projects as their Senior Experience with the approval of the applied teacher, advisor, and department chair. Alternative Senior Experience projects do not replace the senior recital requirement.

Emphasis in collaborative piano

In addition to all requirements for the major in piano performance, the following are required:

  1. Supporting courses for the emphasis: 12 units
    1. MURP 420: Piano Accompaniment: Vocal (3 units)
    2. MURP 425: Piano Accompaniment: Instrumental (3 units)
    3. MURP 420 or 425 – repetition of one course (3 units)
    4. MURP 272 English Singing Diction (1 unit); must be fulfilled before requirement 1.e. below
    5. Two of the following in a language not used to satisfy requirement 3 below (language requirement) (2 units): MURP 273 Italian and Latin Singing Diction, MURP 274 German Singing Diction, MURP 275 French Singing Diction.
    6. One term of the supervised accompanying requirement must be fulfilled with Opera Scenes.
  2. Recitals: in addition to required solo degree recitals, accompany 1 half vocal recital and 1 half instrumental recital; must be prepared under supervision of keyboard faculty member(s) through registration in an accompanying class, supervised accompanying, or chamber music.
  3. General Education: completion of the degree requirements must include 12 units of one of the following (or placement at the intermediate level): French, German, or Italian, taken for a grade

Emphasis in piano pedagogy

In addition to all requirements for the major in piano performance, the following are required:

  1. Supporting courses for the emphasis: 15 units
    1. MUEP 303: Piano Pedagogy III (3 units)
    2. Two of MUEP 502: Early Advanced Piano Pedagogy, MUEP 503: Group Piano Pedagogy, MUEP 505: Internship in Piano Pedagogy (6 units)
    3. MUEP 581, 582: Student Teaching in Piano I, II (6 units)
  2. General Education: completion of the requirement must include:
    1. PSYC 260 or PSYC 340

Emphasis in jazz and improvisational music

Admission to the Bachelor of Music performance major with an emphasis in jazz and improvisational music may be granted to a limited number of students upon completion of qualifying examinations and with the approval of a candidate selection committee. For detailed information on admission and scheduling of requirements, students are referred to the chair of the jazz and improvisational music department.

  1. Performance: 54 units
    1. 36 units of applied individual instruction (MUIN) in piano, strings, winds, or percussion numbered 301-320 during the freshman and sophomore years (before admission to the jazz emphasis)
    2. 18 units of MUIN 329 after admission to the jazz emphasis (candidates may elect more than 18 units)
    3. Presentation of a half recital during junior year and a full recital during senior year
    Note: Before admission to the jazz emphasis, Bachelor of Music performance candidates are required to study with the respective classical applied instructors but may elect added applied study with the respective jazz applied instructor. After admission to the jazz emphasis, candidates are required to study with the respective jazz applied instructors but may elect to continue with the respective classical instructor.
  2. Supporting courses for the emphasis:
    1. MUTH 240: Jazz Theory and Aural Training (3 units)
    2. MUCA 220, 221: Jazz Improvisation I, II (6 units)
    3. MUCA 230: 230: Small Group Jazz Composition and Arranging (3 units)
    4. MUCA 330: Large Ensemble Jazz Composition and Arranging (3 units)
    5. MUCA 530: Advance Jazz Writing Skills (3 units)
    6. MUIN 329: Jazz Studies - one term of applied individual study in jazz piano (3 units)
    7. MUHI 455: Jazz History (6 units)
    8. MUEP 305: Jazz Pedagogy (1 unit)
    9. MUEP 120: Basic Audio Recording (1 unit)
  3. Piano majors must complete either MURP 451 and 452: Literature of the Piano I and II or MUEP 301 and 302: Piano Pedagogy I and II
  4. Ensemble: completion of the requirement must include:
    1. 5 terms of MUEN 248: Jazz Small Group Studies after admission to the jazz emphasis (5 units)
    2. 6 terms of MUEN 295: Jazz Ensemble or MUEN 293: Jazz Band, after admission to the jazz emphasis (6 units)
    3. Additional ensembles, specific to primary instrument, as follows:
      • Winds/Percussion: 6 terms wind ensemble/symphonic band; 3 terms chamber music
      • Strings: 9 terms symphony orchestra (3 terms required participation after admission to the emphasis in jazz studies); 3 terms chamber music
      • Piano: 3 terms symphony orchestra, wind ensemble, symphonic band, concert choir, women’s choir, or chorale; 3 terms supervised accompanying
      • Guitar: 3 terms symphony orchestra, wind ensemble, symphonic band, concert choir, women’s choir, chorale, or chamber music
  5. Required Projects
    1. DownBeat Magazine Student Music Awards Application: By December 31 of the senior year, all candidates are required to submit an application and compact-disc recording (a minimum of 10 minutes or 3 selections) for the Jazz Soloist category in the annual DownBeat Magazine Student Music Awards. Repertoire will be chosen by the coordinator of jazz performance practice in consultation with the applied jazz studio teacher.
    2. Assembly of Self-Promotional CD and/or Web site: Over the course of the candidate’s two years in the jazz emphasis, a media project documenting the student’s jazz performances, compositions, arrangements, and teaching/pedagogical demonstrations must be assembled. Candidates may choose to create an audio CD, audio/visual DVD, or personal Web site containing a minimum of 30 minutes of recorded work by the candidate. The selected project(s) must be presented to the jazz and improvisational music faculty before the conclusion of the final term of study.
    3. Jazz Small Group Coaching: All candidates will direct or co-direct a jazz small group for a minimum of one term after admission to the emphasis in jazz studies (one 60-minute rehearsal per week). Each candidate must submit (in writing to the jazz faculty) a repertoire list and rehearsal plan for the term by the end of the third week. Each candidate must arrange for one group rehearsal observation by a jazz faculty member before the mid-term reading period.
    4. Jazz Big Band Conducting: All candidates will conduct designated rehearsals and sectionals of Jazz Band or Jazz Workshop after admission to the emphasis in jazz studies.
    5. Jazz “Tune of the Week” Tutoring: All admitted Jazz Emphasis candidates will serve as co-tutors for jazz “Tune of the Week” study/rehearsal sessions once each term. Tutors will organize and lead a single session (2-3 hours in duration, time and date TBA) at the end of each term for freshmen and sophomores contemplating admission to the Jazz Emphasis. Each session will serve as an “organized jam session” covering the 10 “Tune of the Week” selections assigned in each given term.

Senior Experience in Music - Jazz Emphasis

The senior recital and media project (assembly of a self-promotional CD and/or personal Web site) are designated as the official Senior Experiences for Jazz Emphasis candidates in both Performance and Composition & Arranging. Students have the option of proposing enhancements to this Senior Experience with the approval of the applied teacher, advisor, and department chair.
Over the course of the candidate’s two years in the jazz emphasis, a media project documenting the student’s jazz performances, compositions, arrangements, and teaching/pedagogical demonstrations will be assembled. Candidates may choose to create an audio CD, audio/visual DVD, or personal Web site containing a minimum of 30 minutes of recorded work by the candidate. The selected project(s) must be presented to the jazz and improvisational music faculty before the conclusion of the final term of study.


Music Education and Pedagogy

The Bachelor of Music degree with a major in music education is subject to revision. It is the student’s responsibility to confirm requirements with the chair of the music education department. A cumulative GPA of 2.75 is required for certification in music. To be admitted to the teacher education program, candidates for certification must pass Praxis I: Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) in reading, writing, and mathematics. Before they may student teach, candidates for certification must pass Praxis II: Subject Assessment/Specialty Area Test for each subject in which they intend to be licensed. Students seeking licensure should also consult the Music Education Student Teaching Handbook for further information and requirements.

Students in the Bachelor of Music degree program may qualify for a 13th term tuition waiver for student teaching, paying only a registration fee ($1,283). Students must have completed all graduation requirements except student teaching; this term must immediately follow the 12th term. For students in the five-year double degree program, a 16th term of student teaching is available under the same policy; this term must immediately follow the 15th term.

Common requirements for the major in music education

In addition to degree requirements and those of specific areas below, the following are required of all music education majors:

  1. Education: 21 units
    1. EDST 180: Psychology of Learning (6 units)
    2. EDST 440 Sociology of Education (6 units)
    3. EDST 350: Ethnicity, Cultural Diversity, and Education (6 units)
    4. EDUC 431: Educating All Learners - Music (3 units)
  2. Music education: 9 units
    1. MUEP 201: Introduction to Music Education (3 units)
    2. MUEP 380: Conducting Principles (6 units)
  3. Student teaching: 21 units
    1. MUEP 660: Advanced Methods in Teaching Music (3 units)
    2. MUEP 680: Student Teaching (18 units)
  4. Performance: 36 units
    1. Minimum of 36 units in applied individual instruction, required every term in which the student is in residence on the Appleton campus with the exception of the student-teaching semester
    2. Presentation of a half recital during the junior or senior year
  5. Non-music courses
    Must include the following:
    1. 6 units of biological science or ANTH 140 and 6 units of physical science; or 6 units of BIOL 103, BIOL 230, or ENST 150
    2. 6 units in mathematics
    3. A total of 60 units in courses other than music
  6. Participation in a major ensemble is required every term in residence on the Appleton campus, as specified in the following requirements for each track: general, choral/general, instrumental, and instrumental/general.
  7. Completion of major requirements for one of the areas as outlined below.

Senior Experience in Music Education

Student Teaching is the culminating experience for students in music education. This experience places Lawrence seniors in schools for a period of 18 weeks. During this time, student teachers work closely with a mentor teacher at the secondary and/or elementary level to gain the professional knowledge and skills that will prepare them for state certification licensure in Wisconsin. A variety of projects, tasks, and events comprise the student teaching Senior Experience at Lawrence. As they work with their mentor teacher, students observe classroom teaching as they prepare to take responsibility for planning and executing classes, rehearsals, and lessons under the expert guidance of master teachers.
In addition to working with a mentor teacher in the schools, students also work with Lawrence faculty during student teaching, both as mentors and in a weekly seminar meeting. Seminar topics include examination of practical issues related to the classroom, (such as classroom management, lesson planning and execution, and working with young learners), broad matters related to functioning professionally in schools and the profession (licensure, administration, and community), and philosophical issues. One of the mechanisms for facilitating discourse in the seminar is the videotape that student teachers bring in to the seminar. These brief episodes facilitate group discussion of their concerns, questions, and wonderments while providing a glimpse into their distinct student teaching environment.
During student teaching, students engage the complete range of their Lawrence studies, including but not limited to the musical, pedagogical and technical coursework in the program. One of the culminating products of the student teaching experience is the creation of an electronic portfolio that includes lesson plans, philosophical statement, résumé, assessments, audio and video examples of their teaching, demonstrating the range and scope of the student's experiences and documenting that the student has met Lawrence's teacher education standards.

General music

In addition to degree requirements and common requirements for all music education majors (above), the following are required for the general music emphasis:

  1. Music education and pedagogy: 28-30 units
    1. MUEP 371 and 372: Voice Science & Pedagogy I, II (4 units) or MUEP 231 and 232: Vocal Proficiency and Pedagogy I, II (2 units). (Students whose principal performance instrument is other than voice must complete MUEP 231 and 232.)
    2. MUEP 240, 350, 370: General Music Methods and Practicum (15 units)
    3. MUEP 336: Guitar and Recorder for the Music Educator (1 unit)
    4. MUEP 340/THAR 340: Musical Theatre Production Overview (3 units)
    5. MUEP 402: Choral Techniques I (6 units)
    6. MUEP 307: Orchestration for the Music Educator (1 unit)
  2. Keyboard skills: MURP 211 and 212: Keyboard Skills for Music Educators I, II (2 units) in addition to degree requirement in keyboard skills
  3. MURP 271, 272, 273, 274, 275 for students whose primary instrument is voice
  4. Ensemble: 12 units
    Participation in major ensemble required every term in residence on the Appleton campus.
    The requirement is based on the student’s principal instrument, as follows:
    1. Voice and keyboard:
      1. 9 units in a major choral ensemble, and
      2. 3 units in any major ensemble
    2. Winds and percussion:
      1. 6 units in Wind Ensemble or Symphonic Band,
      2. 3 units in any major choral ensemble, and
      3. 3 units in any major ensemble.
    3. Strings:
      1. 6 units in Symphony Orchestra,
      2. 3 units in any major choral ensemble, and
      3. 3 units in any major ensemble

Note: B.Mus. students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for four and one-half years; double degree students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for five and one-half years.

Choral/general

In addition to degree requirements and common requirements for all music education majors (top), the following are required for the choral/general emphasis:

  1. Music education and pedagogy: 34-36 units
    1. MUEP 371 and 372: Voice Science & Pedagogy I, II (4 units) or MUEP 231 and 232: Vocal Proficiency and Pedagogy I, II (2 units).
      (Students whose principal performance instrument is other than voice must complete MUEP 231 and 232.)
    2. MUEP 240, 350, 370: General Music Methods and Practicum (15 units)
    3. MUEP 307: Orchestration for the Music Educator (1 unit)
    4. MUEP 336: Guitar and Recorder for the Music Educator (1 unit)
    5. MUEP 340/THAR 340: Musical Theatre Production Overview (3 units)
    6. MUEP 402: Choral Techniques I (6 units)
    7. MUEP 442: Choral Techniques II (6 units)
  2. Keyboard skills: MURP 211 and 212: Keyboard Skills for Music Educators I, II (2 units) in addition to degree requirement in keyboard skills
  3. Performance: 5-6 units
    1. MURP 271, 272, 273, 274, 275 for students whose primary instrument is voice
    2. A minimum of 2 terms of MUIN 303 for students whose primary instrument is other than voice and satisfactory completion of the vocal proficiency examination
  4. Ensemble: 12 units in a major choral ensemble
    Participation in major ensemble required every term in residence on the Appleton campus.

Note: B.Mus. students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for four and one-half years; double degree students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for five and one-half years.

Instrumental

In addition to degree requirements and common requirements for all music education majors (top), the following are required for the instrumental emphasis:

  1. Music education and pedagogy: 33 units
    1. MUEP 230: Voice for Instrumental Music Educators (1 units)
    2. One of the following: MUEP 305: Jazz Pedagogy (1 unit), MUEP 333 String Pedagogy: Pedagogues and Methods (1 unit), or MUEP 334 String Pedagogy: Editing Orchestral String Parts (1 unit)
    3. MUEP 401: Instrumental Methods and Rehearsal Techniques I (6 units)
    4. MUEP 451: Instrumental Methods and Rehearsal Techniques II (6 units)
    5. MUEP 307: Orchestration for the Music Educator (1 unit)
    6. MUEP 310: Brass Techniques (3 units)
    7. MUEP 315: Percussion Techniques (3 units)
    8. MUEP 321, 322: Woodwind Techniques I, II (6 units)
    9. MUEP 331, 332: String Techniques I, II (6 units)
  2. Ensemble: 12 units
    1. Winds and percussion:
      1. 9 units in MUEN 285: Wind Ensemble or MUEN 287: Symphonic Band, and
      2. an additional 3 units in any major ensemble
    2. Strings:
      1. 9 units in MUEN 290: Symphony Orchestra, and
      2. 3 additional units in any major ensemble

Note: B.Mus. students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for four and one-half years; double degree students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for five and one-half years.

Instrumental/general

In addition to degree requirements and common requirements for all music education majors (top), the following are required for the instrumental/general emphasis:

  1. Music education and pedagogy: 50 units
    1. One of the following: MUEP 305: Jazz Pedagogy (1 unit), MUEP 333 String Pedagogy: Pedagogues and Methods (1 unit), or MUEP 334 String Pedagogy: Editing Orchestral String Parts (1 unit)
    2. MUEP 231, 232: Vocal Proficiency and Pedagogy I, II (2 units)
    3. MUEP 240, 350, 370: General Music Methods and Practicum (15 units)
    4. MUEP 336: Guitar and Recorder for the Music Educator (1 unit)
    5. MUEP 401: Instrumental Methods and Rehearsal Techniques I (6 units)
    6. MUEP 451: Instrumental Methods and Rehearsal Techniques II (6 units)
    7. MUEP 307: Orchestration for the Music Educator (1 unit)
    8. MUEP 310: Brass Techniques (3 units)
    9. MUEP 315: Percussion Techniques ( 3 units)
    10. MUEP 321, 322: Woodwind Techniques (6 units)
    11. MUEP 331, 332: String Techniques (6 units)
  2. Keyboard skills:
    1. MURP 211 and 212: Keyboard Skills for Music Educators I, II (2 units) in addition to degree requirements in keyboard skills.
  3. Ensemble: 12 units
    Participation in major ensemble required every term in residence on the Appleton campus. The requirement is based on the student’s primary instrument, as follows:
    1. Winds and percussion:
      1. 6 units in Wind Ensemble or Symphonic Band,
      2. 3 units in any major choral ensemble, and
      3. 3 additional units in any major ensemble
    2. Strings:
      1. 6 units in Symphony Orchestra,
      2. 3 units in any major choral ensemble, and
      3. 3 units in any major ensemble

Note: B.Mus. students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for four and one-half years; double degree students earning this major should expect to attend Lawrence for five and one-half years.



Music Theory

Acceptance into the Theory/Composition Major

Students wishing to pursue the theory/composition major must submit an acceptable portfolio consisting of a minimum of two compositions (in legible manuscript and accompanied by a recording if possible), normally by the end of the sophomore year. The works included in the portfolio are normally composed while taking composition class or private composition lessons at Lawrence.

Theory/composition

  1. Music theory in addition to the core courses required for the B.Mus. degree: 36 units
    1. Two courses in counterpoint (12 units), either:
      1. MUTH 400: Renaissance Counterpoint (6 units) and MUTH 401 Counterpoint in the Style of J.S. Bach I (6 units), or
      2. MUTH 401: Counterpoint in the Style of J.S. Bach I (6 units) and MUTH 402: Counterpoint in the Style of J.S. Bach II (6 units)
    2. MUTH 411, 412: Orchestration I, II (12 units)
    3. MUTH 510: Theory and Analysis of Music Since 1900 (6 units)
    4. MUTH 350/550: Topics in Music Analysis (6 units)
  2. Music composition and arranging: 30 units
    1. 6 units: MUCA 250: Introductory Composition (3 units per term)
    2. 6 units: MUCA 350: Intermediate Composition (3 units per term)
    3. 6 units: MUCA 550: Advanced Composition (3 units per term)
    4. 6 additional units from MUCA 250, 350, 550
    5. MUCA 300: Techniques of the Contemporary Composer (6 units)
    6. Presentation of a full composition recital during senior year
  3. Music history: fulfillment of the degree requirement of 24 units must include 12 units in courses numbered 400 or above
  4. Performance: 24 units
    A minimum of 24 units in applied individual instruction
  5. Ensemble: 12 units
    1. 3 units in major ensemble,
    2. 3 units in chamber music, and
    3. 6 units in major ensemble or chamber music

Senior Experience in Music Theory/Composition

For students majoring in Music Theory/Composition, the Senior Experience consists of a recital of original compositions and a portfolio of scores and recordings of works composed while at Lawrence. The composition recital, which is normally held during the winter or spring term of the senior year, must include approximately 35-40 minutes of original music composed while at Lawrence (e.g., 5 to 6 works for various chamber ensembles, possibly including a solo work or two), showing variety in musical style, compositional technique, and artistic conception. The compositions should represent the student's finest work at Lawrence, and they should be prepared, rehearsed, and performed at the highest possible level.
The student, in consultation with his or her principal composition instructor, is responsible for all aspects of production (assembling personnel, preparation of scores and parts, preparation of the concert program and program notes, organizing rehearsals, and, where appropriate, coaching). The senior portfolio consists of professional-quality scores prepared by the student along with recordings of works performed at Lawrence, and must be submitted by the end of the tenth week of the term in which the senior recital occurs.
The senior recital and portfolio is not normally subject to consideration for honors in independent study. Students wishing to undertake an honors project distinct from the senior recital may do so, but the honors project may not substitute for the senior recital and portfolio.

Emphasis in jazz and improvisational music

Admission to the Bachelor of Music in theory/ composition with an emphasis in jazz and improvisational music may be granted to a limited number of students upon successful completion of qualifying examinations and with the approval of a candidate selection committee. For detailed information on admission and scheduling of requirements, students are referred to the chair of the jazz and improvisational music department.
Specific courses required for the emphasis are as follows:

  1. Music theory in addition to the core courses required for the B.Mus. degree:
    1. MUTH 411: Orchestration I (6 units)
    2. MUTH 510: Theory and Analysis of Music Since 1900(6 units)
  2. Music composition and arranging
    1. MUCA 230: 230: Small Group Jazz Composition and Arranging (3 units)
    2. MUCA 330: Large Ensemble Jazz Composition and Arranging (3 units)
    3. MUCA 530: Advance Jazz Writing Skills (3 units)
    4. MUCA 530: Advanced Jazz Composition (9 units at 3 units per term)
    5. MUCA 300: Techniques of the Contemporary Composer (6 units)
    6. 6 units from MUCA 250, 350, 550: Composition
  3. Supporting courses for the emphasis:
    1. MUTH 240 :Jazz Theory and Aural Training (3 units)
    2. MUCA 220, 221: Jazz Improvisation I, II (6 units)
    3. MUIN 329: Jazz Studies - one term of applied individual study in jazz piano (3 units)
    4. MUHI 455: Jazz History (3 units)
    5. MUEP 305: Jazz Pedagogy (1 unit)
    6. MUEP 120: Basic Audio Recording (1 unit)
  4. Performance: A minimum of 24 units in applied individual instruction and 6 terms on the major instrument or voice
  5. Ensemble: Completion of the requirement must include:
    1. 3 terms of MUEN 248: Jazz Small Group Studies, after admission to jazz emphasis (3 units)
    2. 3 terms of MUEN 295: Jazz Ensemble or MUEN 293: Jazz Band, after admission to the jazz emphasis (3 units)
    3. Additional ensembles, specific to primary instrument, as follows:
      Winds/Percussion: 6 terms wind ensemble/ symphonic band; 3 terms chamber music
      Strings: 9 terms symphony orchestra (3 terms required participation after admission to the emphasis in jazz studies); 3 terms chamber music
      Piano: 3 terms symphony orchestra, wind ensemble, symphonic band, concert choir, women’s choir, or chorale; 3 terms supervised accompanying
      Guitar: 3 terms symphony orchestra, wind ensemble, symphonic band, concert choir, women’s choir, chorale, or chamber music
      Voice: 6 terms concert choir or women’s choir
  6. Required Projects
    1. Recitals: Half recital (30 minutes maximum stage time) during junior year, full recital (60 minutes maximum stage time) during senior year.
    2. DownBeat Magazine Student Music Awards Application: By December 31 of the senior year, all candidates are required to submit an application and CD recording (a minimum of 10 minutes or 3 selections) for the Jazz Soloist category in the annual DownBeat Magazine Student Music Awards. Repertoire will be chosen by the coordinator of jazz performance practice in consultation with the applied jazz studio teacher
    3. Assembly of Self-Promotional CD and/or Web site: Over the course of the candidate’s two years in the jazz emphasis, a media project documenting the student’s jazz performances, compositions, arrangements, and teaching/pedagogical demonstrations must be assembled. Candidates may choose to create an audio CD, audio/visual DVD, or personal Web site containing a minimum of 30 minutes of recorded work by the candidate. The selected project(s) must be presented to the jazz and improvisational music faculty before the conclusion of the final term of study.
    4. Jazz Small Group Coaching: All candidates will direct or co-direct a jazz small group for a minimum of one term after admission to the emphasis in jazz studies (one 60-minute rehearsal per week). Each candidate must submit (in writing to the jazz faculty) a repertoire list and rehearsal plan for the term by the end of the third week. Each candidate must arrange for one group rehearsal observation by a jazz faculty member before the mid-term reading period.
    5. Jazz Big Band Conducting: All candidates will conduct designated rehearsals and sectionals of Jazz Band or Jazz Workshop after admission to the emphasis in jazz studies.
    6. Jazz “Tune of the Week” Tutoring: All admitted Jazz Emphasis candidates will serve as co-tutors for jazz “Tune of the Week” study/rehearsal sessions once each term. Tutors will organize and lead a single session (2-3 hours in duration, time and date TBA) at the end of each term for freshmen and sophomores contemplating admission to the Jazz Emphasis. Each session will serve as an “organized jam session” covering the 10 “Tune of the Week” selections assigned in each given term.

Note: Before admission to the jazz emphasis, Bachelor of Music theory/composition candidates are required to study with the respective classical applied instructors but may elect added applied study with the respective jazz applied instructor. After admission to the jazz emphasis, candidates are required to study with the respective jazz applied instructors but may elect to continue applied study with the respective classical instructor.

Ensemble performance study

Note: A maximum of 12 units of major ensemble may apply toward the Bachelor of Music degree, except when required by the major. Major ensembles are Concert Choir, Cantala Women’s Choir, Viking Chorale, Music Theatre, Wind Ensemble, Symphonic Band, Symphony Orchestra, Jazz Ensemble, and Jazz Band.

Students may not register for ensemble study by using Voyager; registration will be handled by ensemble directors at the beginning of each term.


Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Music Degree

Professional study in music and study in the liberal arts may be combined in a five-year program leading to both Bachelor of Music and Bachelor of Arts degrees, the latter with a major other than music. Both degrees are awarded at the conclusion of the five-year program. Interested students should discuss this possibility with their advisors as early as possible.

Approximately half of the curriculum is devoted to the study of music — completion of the music core and requirements for a major in performance, music education, or theory/composition. The other half of the curriculum mirrors that of the Bachelor of Arts program, emphasizing breadth of study central to a liberal arts education, focused study in the college major, and elective study to complement other work or explore other fields of interest.

Certain majors in the Bachelor of Arts degree program (for example, some laboratory sciences) may be difficult to combine with the Bachelor of Music degree program into a five-year double-degree program, especially if the student’s objective is to maintain serious options for graduate or professional work in both areas after graduation. Such combinations may require that course overloads be taken to complete minimum requirements in each major in a timely and satisfactory manner. Early and regular consultation with advisors in both the college and the conservatory is imperative. Further, students who seek certification for purposes of teaching a subject other than music are urged to see the associate dean of the conservatory.

In addition to academic policies and regulations, students in the conservatory are subject to policies and procedures detailed in conservatory department guidelines and the Conservatory Student Handbook.

Requirements for the five-year Bachelor of Arts/Bachelor of Music Degrees

  1. Completion of a minimum of 15 terms of study and 270 units. Of the 270 units required, a student must present:
    1. a minimum of 144 units in music, exclusive of MURP 201, 202, 203, 301, 302 and MUTH 161, 162, 171, 172
    2. a minimum of 114 units selected from courses other than music
    3. no more than 42 units from courses in education
    4. a minimum of 72 units from courses numbered 200 and above
    5. no more than 90 units from a single department outside of music, except that in the art department a student may present no more than 126 units, no more than 90 of which may be in art and no more than 90 of which may be in art history
    6. no more than 12 units from academic internships
  2. In the freshman year, 12 units of Freshman Studies.
  3. Completion of the General Education Requirements:
    1. Distribution, in order to gain exposure to a range of disciplines, subjects, and perspectives within the liberal arts:
      1. 6 units selected from departments and courses listed within the Division of Humanities. All courses in the humanities taught in English will count toward this requirement. Humanities courses taught in a foreign language and numbered 300 and above also will count toward this requirement, except as noted in the course catalog.
      2. 6 units selected from departments and courses listed within the Division of Fine Arts;
      3. 6 units selected from departments and courses listed within the Division of Social Sciences;
      4. 6 units selected from laboratory courses in biology, chemistry, geology, or physics in the Division of Natural Sciences
    2. Diversity, in order to prepare students for a more global world and a more diverse America:
      1. 6 units selected from courses designated as either emphasizing global and comparative perspectives on the world or focusing on areas outside Europe and the United States;
      2. 6 units selected from courses designated as focusing on dimensions of diversity, such as race, ethnicity, and gender, that are of particular importance in understanding contemporary society in the United States.
    3. Competency, in order to improve and reinforce those fundamental abilities central to a liberal arts education:
      1. 6 units selected from courses designated as writing intensive or 6 units selected from courses designated as speaking intensive;
      2. 6 units selected from courses designated as emphasizing mathematical reasoning or quantitative analysis;
      3. 6 units in a foreign language taken from courses numbered 200 or above and taught primarily in a language other than English. This requirement may also be satisfied by attaining a score of 4 or 5 on an Advanced Placement examination in a foreign language or by passing a proficiency examination administered by a Lawrence University foreign language department.

    Stipulations pertaining to the General Education Requirements

    Qualified courses may count toward the requirements in any two of the categories above (distribution, diversity, and competency). Some courses may meet two requirements within a category. No single course can be used to fulfill more than two requirements. Credits granted pursuant to university policy for examinations (Lawrence Advanced Placement (AP), International Baccalaureate (IB), or A-levels) may be used as appropriate to fulfill diversity or competency requirements only.
  4. Completion of a college major — departmental, interdisciplinary, or student-designed — exclusive of music, including all course and non-course requirements, such as departmental examinations, research projects and presentations, portfolios, etc. Students are required to declare a major by the beginning of the junior year.
  5. Completion of music core requirements:
    1. Music Theory
      1. MUTH 151, 161, 171 or MUTH 201, 211, 221
      2. MUTH 152, 162, 172 or MUTH 202, 212, 222
      3. MUTH 251, 261, and 271
      4. MUTH 252, 262, and 272
      5. MUTH 301, 311, and 321
    2. Music History
      1. MUHI 201 and 202
      2. 12 units selected from courses in music history numbered 400 or above
    3. Keyboard skills: MURP 201, 202, 203 or MURP 301, 302
    4. Applied music individual instruction as specified under requirements for the major and areas of emphasis
    5. Ensemble study: a minimum of 12 units. Students are required to participate in an ensemble every term in which they are attending classes on the Appleton campus. Requirements for specific types of ensemble study (MUEN) are specified under requirements for majors and areas of emphasis.
    6. Completion of a major in music — performance, music education, theory/composition, or student-designed — including all course and non-course requirements, such as recitals, qualifying examinations, etc.
    7. Completion of a designated Senior Experience course or activity within the chosen majors for each degree.
    8. An academic record that meets the following standards:
      1. A 2.000 grade-point average in all Lawrence courses.
      2. A 2.000 grade-point average in the music major (all music courses and non-music courses required for the major) unless otherwise specified under the major requirements.
    9. Completion of required terms and units in residence as specified by the university residence requirements









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