abstract
A brief summary of the text of a book or article, usually without added interpretation or criticism. Three ways in which you might see an abstract or see the term used: (1) As a short summary of an article in a scholarly journal, usually appearing at the beginning of the article. (2) To refer to an index or bibliography that not only provides citations, but also gives a brief summary of each, for example, Psychological Abstracts. (3) As a summary of a paper presented at a conference. The full text of the paper is not always published.

alphabetical
Arranged in the order of the English alphabet: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N 0 P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

alphanumeric
Consisting of both letters and numbers. The numbering and classification systems used for books and Government Documents in the Seeley G. Mudd Library are alphanumeric systems.

annotation
A summary which describes, explains, or evaluates an entry in a bibliography or reading list.

annotated bibliography
A bibliography in which each entry is accompanied by an annotation.

Archives
Public records or historical documents, or the place where these records or documents are kept. In the Mudd Library, the Archives are related to the history of Lawrence University and Milwaukee-Downer College, and are located on Level B, between the second and third floors

article
A (brief) essay or research report on a subject. Articles can appear in magazines, journals, newspapers, or other sources such as encyclopedias.

audiovisual
Information in a form other than words printed on paper. Examples include films, slides, audio tapes, videocassettes, records, and computer software.

author
The writer of a book or article. Usually this is a person (or perhaps two or three people), but it can also be a government agency, a symposium, a company, or other group that does not necessarily give the name(s) of the people who actually wrote the work.

barcode
A small white label with closely spaced black stripes that can be read by a computer. Barcodes on books and on your student identification card are used to check out books from the library.

bibliography
A list of documents (books, articles, reports, etc.) relating to a specific subject or person. There are two main types of bibliographies: (1) A list of references used while doing research for an article or book. These are gathered together at the end of the work, usually arranged alphabetically by the authors' last names. (2) A publication that consists only of a list of books, articles and other works on or by a particular subject or person. Bibliographies of both types can be very valuable in locating information.

bibliographic citation
An individual citation in a bibliography, index, or catalog. A bibliographic citation may contain all or some of the following information: names(s) of authors(s), full title of the work, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, and page numbers. Sometimes referred to as a bibliographic entry, or simply as a citation.

biography
A book or article written about the life of a person.

book drop or book return
A place to return books borrowed from the library. Book return slots are in the Circulation Desk in the library, and just outside the main entrance.

borrow
See the definition of check out.

bound periodicals
Several issues of a magazine or journal, usually arranged chronologically and fastened together between hard covers. They resemble books. In the Mudd Library, bound periodicals are located on the periodicals level (Level A) between the first and second floors.

CD or CD-ROM
Stands for Compact Disk -- Read Only Memory, a computer technology that uses thin disks only 12cm in diameter to hold thousands of pieces of information. CD-ROMs are often used to store information that would take up many volumes in paper format, for example, as electronic equivalents of paper indexes and abstracts. They are also a common format for sound recordings.

call number
A group of letters and numbers assigned to all books and to most other items in the library that gives the "address of the materials on the library shelves. At the Mudd Library, they are arranged by the Library of Congress (LC) classification system. With this system, each item is assigned a number that identifies it uniquely but also allows items to be grouped together on the shelves by subject.

catalog
A listing of all the materials a library owns. It includes books, periodicals, videos, sound recordings, and more. See the definition of LUCIA.

check out
To borrow library materials for use outside the library or the Reserve Room. This is done at the Circulation Desk. Your Lawrence University student identification card is required to check out materials. Different loan periods are assigned for different items; be sure you know when you need to return each item borrowed.

Circulation Desk
The place to check out library materials. The Circulation Desk at the Mudd Library is on the first floor near the entrance.

citation
See the definition of bibliographic citation.

compact disc
See the definition of CD.

current periodicals
The latest or most recent issues of a magazine or journal. In the Mudd Library, periodicals dating from the present back through the last year or so are referred to as current periodicals and are located on the periodicals level (Level A) between the first and second floors.

depository
A library which receives the publications of a government. The Mudd Library is a partial depository for publications of the United States and Wisconsin governments.

due date
The date or time by which your borrowed library materials should be returned to the Circulation Desk. Keeping materials past the due date (overdue) may result in penalties or restrictions on your library privileges.

government document
Any written material published by a government agency. Also known as "GovDocs."

holdings
Items that a library owns. Often this term applies just to the issues of a magazine or journal owned by the library, but it can also refer to all the materials (books, periodicals, audiovisual media, electronic databases) in the library's collections. You can check the library's holdings by looking in the catalog.

ISBN
ISBN stands for International Standard Book Number. This is a unique ten or thirteen-digit number assigned to a physical manifestation of a published book. A single title may have numerous ISBNs associated with it. For example, the same title published by two different publishers will have two different ISBNs, one for each publication. If a book is published in hardcover and paperback by the same publisher, there will be different ISBNs for the different forms.

ISSN
ISSN stands for International Standard Serial Number. It is an eight-digit number that uniquely identifies a journal, magazine, or newspaper. ISSNs are often represented as two groups of four digits separated by a hyphen. For example, the ISSN for the Chronicle of Higher Education is 0009-5982. You need to include the ISSN for journal articles requested through interlibrary loan.

ILL (spoken as "eye-ell-ell )
Abbreviation for Interlibrary Loan.

index
This can be used in two ways. (1) A list of subjects discussed in a book or set of volumes, like an encyclopedia. (2) A list of magazine or journal articles arranged by subject and/or author. The library has indexes of this second type on many different subjects.

interlibrary loan
A service that allows students, faculty, and staff to get access to materials which are not owned by the Mudd Library by borrowing the original or a copy from another library. Also known as ILL.

Internet
A network of computer networks that communicate using the same structure and method of transferring data.

journal
A periodical that includes scholarly articles or detailed information on research in a particular subject field. It is usually published by an educational or research institution or professional society. See the definition of magazine.

keywords
Significant words in bibliographic citations, abstracts, annotations, or even from the full text of works.

LC (spoken as "ell-see )
Library of Congress, the national library for the USA.

LC classification
A classification and call number system developed and used at the Library of Congress. This system is used at many academic libraries in the United States, including the Mudd Library. Call numbers in the LC classification system are alphanumeric.

Library of Congress Subject Headings (also LC Subject Headings)
Terms used by the Library of Congress to divide published information into related subject areas. These terms are listed in five large red volumes, often called "LCSH" or sometimes just "the big red books." Our copy of the LCSH is located on the first floor behind the Reference Desk.

LUCIA (spoken as "loo-sha )
The computerized library catalog. LUCIA lists books, periodicals, and other materials owned by the library. Computer terminals for access to LUCIA are available throughout the library and all over campus. LUCIA can be searched by author, by title, by subject, or by keyword.

magazine
A periodical for general reading, containing articles on various subjects by different authors. Usually published as a commercial venture. Examples are Newsweek, Time, and Business Week. Compare with journal.

main collection
The circulating collection of the library, shelved on the first, third and fourth floors. See also the term stacks.

Media Services
Media Services is located toward the east end of the first floor of the library. It is the library department where non-print materials such as video cassettes, compact discs, cassette tapes, and so forth are located. There are also viewing and listening rooms and equipment available in Media Services.

microform
This is a general term for printed material that has been reproduced in a miniaturized format such as microcard, microfiche, or microfilm. Each of these requires special machines to be read.

monograph
A complete and separate publication, such as a book.

online databases
Databases created, maintained, and located off campus containing bibliographic citations, full text, and other information. They are maintained by professional institutions, government agencies, or commercial companies. The library offers free access to these databases to students, faculty, and library users to help them locate information on topics of interest. Many databases are available for searching via the World Wide Web.

online indexes
A kind of online database. Online indexes are often a computerized form of a periodical index.

online searching
Performing a search of online databases.

open stacks
A system of library organization in which patrons are permitted to browse, examine, or select materials directly from the shelves. Many college libraries in the United States operate under this system.

overdue
An item that has not been returned by the date or time due is said to be overdue. Keeping materials overdue may result in penalties or restrictions on your library privileges.

periodical
A publication appearing at regular or stated intervals, generally more than once a year. Each issue is numbered or dated consecutively and normally contains separate articles, stories, or other writings. Examples include newspapers, magazines, and journals.

periodical index
Periodical indexes are used to locate articles by subject or author in magazines, journals, or newspapers. The entries are usually arranged alphabetically by subject or author. The indexes are bound and arranged by year. In the Mudd Library, these are located on the shelves at the end of the Reference Collection on the south end of the first floor.

recall
To request that a book already checked out by another library user be returned to the library prior to its due date. You may ask for a recall by filling out a form at the Circulation Desk. When the book is returned to the library, it will be held for you and you will be notified.

reference collection
Books, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks and indexes that provide factual information, lead to other information resources and are also used by reference librarians to help you find information. Located on the first floor of the Mudd Library. Reference materials may not be checked out.

renew
To extend the due date for a book, so that you can keep the item longer.

reserve (also reserves, reserved readings)
Library materials and other course-related readings may be placed "on reserve" for short-term circulation by faculty members. Reserve materials are kept in the Reserve Room of the Library at the north end of the Circulation Desk. Reserves can be checked out for the loan period specified by the professor, either two hours or three days.

stacks
The shelves on which books, Government Documents, and periodicals are kept.

study guide
List of reference sources, general and discipline specific, which can be used as aids to research.

subject
What an article, book, painting, or other work is about; the main topic or theme which a work addresses, whether explicitly stated in the title or not. In libraries, books and other materials are assigned one or more subject headings to help users find information. Books in the Seeley G. Mudd Library are assigned Library of Congress Subject Headings; indexes may use different systems of subject classification.

subject bibliography
A bibliography of works about a given subject. It is usually published in the form of a separate book or article.

title
The distinguishing name of a book, book chapter, essay, story, play, poem, picture, statue, piece of music, film, etc.

volume
A number of issues of a periodical, usually bound together when complete, or one part of a complete set of books, such as an encyclopedia, or an individually bound book (a volume of poetry).

work
The tangible result of effort by a writer, researcher, artist or composer.

WWW (World Wide Web)
A part of the Internet. You connect to the Web by using a Web browser, for example, Netscape or Internet Explorer. Web browsers allow you to see pictures and other images, to listen to sounds, and to gain access to many other types of resources without having to know special procedures or programs.

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