The Office of Communications uses the Associated Press Stylebook as the preferred reference for the college's printed and online publications. In addition, the Chicago Manual of Style is a secondary source for items not referenced in the Associated Press Stylebook. The Lawrence University Style Guide incorporates both these sources, as well as some guidelines that are specific to Lawrence.

A

abbreviations 

Use periods in two-letter abbreviations

U.S., U.N., U.K., B.A.

academic degrees   

Lawrence offers two baccalaureate degrees: Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Music. Degrees require, in part, the completion of collections of courses organized as majors. Smaller collections of courses may be labeled as minors or areas of emphasis.

Correct:

Susan Smith earned a Bachelor of Arts from Lawrence University with majors in English and biology.

Incorrect:

Susan Smith earned a bachelor's degree in English.

Correct:

George Smith earned a Bachelor of Music from Lawrence University with a major in music performance with an emphasis in trombone.

Incorrect:

George Smith earned a bachelor's degree in trombone.

Use periods when abbreviating

B.A., B.Mus., M.A., D.Mus.A., M.F.A., Ph.D.

Use apostrophes and lowercase

bachelor's degree, master's degree, etc.

Capitalize the names of academic and honorary degrees:

Bachelor of Arts, Doctor of Laws.
Susie Smith received an honorary Doctor of Laws at Commencement.

Note: In text, when referring to someone with a doctorate, the designation "Dr." before the full name is reserved for someone with a medical degree

Correct:

Kelly Johnson, Ph.D., is chair of the English department

Incorrect:

Dr. Kelly Johnson is chair of the English department

academic majors

Lowercase:

She is a psychology major.
He received a B.A. with a major in studio art.

Academy of Music

Capitalize in all uses when referring to the Lawrence Academy of Music

Lawrence Academy of Music; the Academy of Music; the Academy

acronyms  

Spell out the name on first reference, followed by the acronym in parentheses if the acronym alone would not be clear on a second reference

First reference:

Lawrence Scholars in Business (LSB)

Second reference:

LSB

act numbers

Use figures and capitalize

Act 1; Act 2, Scene 2,

BUT:

the first act, the second act

addresses (also see cities and states)

Use the abbreviation Ave., Blvd. and St. only with a numbered address; spell out and capitalize when part of a formal street name without a numbered address; abbreviate compass points used to indicate direction

1100 E. College Ave.; College Avenue

Use periods for P.O. Box, capitalizing Box within a full address

P.O. Box 464

On a return address for letterhead, business cards and envelopes it is Lawrence style to delete commas between the city, state and ZIP code; use one space between the state and the ZIP code

Appleton WI 54911-5690

This is the preferred usage of the U.S. Postal Service

advisor

Not adviser. This is an exception to AP style

African American, Asian American, Native American

Capitalize, no hyphen

ages

Always use numbers when stating ages

My daughter is 24. His 17-year-old son is applying to Lawrence. They are 11 years old. They renovated the 75-year-old house.

Alexander Gymnasium (1929, renovated 1986, 2010)

all caps

Do not use, unless necessary in acronyms

alma mater

Do not italicize

alumna/alumnae/alumni

alumna = feminine singular
alumnae = feminine plural
alumnus = masculine singular
alumni = masculine plural

alumni is also considered to be gender-inclusive for a group including males and females

Note: the words alum and alums are not appropriate in formal use

alumni association (LUAA)

Capitalize the formal name: Lawrence University Alumni Association

a.m., p.m.

Lowercase, with periods; always preceded by a space

9 a.m.

NOT

9am

Use

noon and midnight

NOT

12 a.m. or 12 p.m.

ampersand (&)  

Do not use the ampersand in text except in headlines, charts, graphs and tabular material or when it is part of a formal name:

AT&T; Lawrence Scholars in Arts & Entertainment

archaeology

Not archeology

atrium  

Capitalize formal name:

Steitz Hall Atrium

Lowercase when not part of formal name;

Meet me in the atrium.

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B

B.A.  

Bachelor of Arts

She received a Bachelor of Arts with a major in English.

(Note: the word “degree” is not necessary after Bachelor of Arts)

She received a bachelor's degree with a major in English.

Lawrence students pursuing a B.A. and a B.Mus. are referred to as either five-year double-degree students, or double-degree students.

Baccalaureate  

Capitalize the June ceremony but not baccalaureate degree

B.Mus.

Bachelor of Music; never abbreviated B.M.

Lawrence students seeking a B.Mus. and a B.A. are referred to as either five-year double-degree students, or double-degree students.

Banta Bowl (1965)

Björklunden vid Sjön; Björklunden

Board of Trustees

Capitalize when referring to Lawrence's governing body

The Board of Trustees met last week.
The trustees will meet on Friday.
Trustee Susie Smith will chair the new committee.

Lowercase board when used alone

The board met last week.

Do not use the abbreviation BOT

Bon Appétit

The food service provider for Lawrence University

book titles

Italicize

This is an exception to AP Style

Lucia Russell Briggs

Second president of Milwaukee-Downer College

Lucia R. Briggs Hall (1997)

Boynton Society

Brokaw Hall (1910)

Buchanan Kiewit Wellness Center  (1986, renovated 2010)

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C

campus center

Capitalize formal name, Warch Campus Center; lowercase campus center when used informally

Center for Teaching and Learning

centuries  

Use numerals, no superscript, lowercase the word century:

the 21st century, 18th-century literature

chair (noun)

Not chairman, chairwoman or chairperson

Chem Show

cities  

In text, use commas between city and state and after state;

She was born in Ellsworth, Wis., in 1990.

The following cities do not require the state to be listed after them:

Atlanta Minneapolis
Baltimore Oklahoma City
Boston Philadelphia
Chicago Phoenix
Cincinnati Pittsburgh
Cleveland St. Louis
Dallas St. Paul
Denver Salt Lake City
Detroit San Antonio
Honolulu San Diego
Indianapolis San Francisco
Las Vegas Seattle
Los Angeles Washington
Miami New Orleans
Milwaukee New York

class status

Do not capitalize the following when referring to individuals: freshman, sophomore, junior, senior. Students enrolled longer than four years can be referred to as super seniors.

class years

When identifying a student or alumnus/alumna by class year, the year is expressed in two digits and preceded by an apostrophe

John Doe '60

Identify a parent of current or former student by the initial P and the class year(s) of the students(s)

James Doe P'97

Identify an alumna of Milwaukee-Downer College with the initials M-D followed by the class year

Jane Doe M-D'46

(note no space before the apostrophe)

Capitalize the word class when it refers to a specific year

The Class of 2014 will graduate in June.

college, university  

Unless part of the proper name, Lawrence University, lowercase college or university in every use; when referring to Lawrence informally, the word “college” is preferred.

Lawrence University will have its annual Commencement Ceremony on June 14.
One of the most exciting events at the college is Fall Festival Weekend.

Colman Hall (1956)

colon (:)

Use at the end of a sentence to introduce lists; capitalize the first word after a colon only if it is a proper noun or the start of a complete sentence

There were three considerations: academics, musicianship and leadership.

Always place a colon outside quotation marks (unless it is part of the quote itself)

commas

Do not use a serial comma before

and

or

or

in a series of three or more items

red, white and blue 

Do not set off Jr., Sr. or Inc. with a comma   

John Doe Sr.

Roman numerals accompanying a name are not set off by a comma  

James Doe III.

Do not separate month and year with a comma 

January 1978

In text use a comma after the day, month and year

Commencement is on Sunday, June 5, 2011, on Main Hall Green.

Commencement

Capitalize when talking about the formal university event
held in June

Lawrence's Commencement Ceremony will be held on June 14.
Jane Smith will speak at Commencement this year.
At Commencement, 342 seniors received their degrees.

committee names  

Capitalize the name of any formal committee; lowercase informal use

She is a member of Lawrence's Health and Wellness Committee.
The committee met to talk about the new proposal.

Conservatory

Capitalize when referring to Lawrence University

The Lawrence University Conservatory of Music,
the Conservatory of Music, the Conservatory 

course titles

Italicize in text

She is teaching Advanced Intermediate Japanese this term. 

Always italicize

Freshman Studies, Senior Experience

The use of italics is an exception to AP style.

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D

dash

dash: no spaces

920-555-1212

em dash: used to set off an amplifying or explanatory statement, or to indicate a sudden break in thought; do not use spaces around an em dash

Lawrence University celebrated its 150th year—its sesquicentennial—in 1997.

The use of an em dash is an exception to AP style

en dash: used to connect numbers and words; it signifies "up to," "including" or "through"; no spaces come before or after an en dash

Please join us on Friday, 10 a.m.–2 p.m., for the seminar.
Jazz Celebration Weekend is November 11–13.
The students were asked to study chapters 9–12.
His years on the board, 1987–2011, resulted in several new initiatives.

If, in a compound adjective, one of the elements consists of two words, use and en dash in place of a hyphen

Post–Civil War period
Academy Award–nominated film
Before coming to Lawrence, the professor taught at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

The use of an en dash is an exception to AP style

If the word "from" or "between" precedes the first element, do not use an en dash; instead use the word "to"

She studied at the London Centre from September to November.

dates

Use month-day-year sequence

February 15, 1969

Use cardinal, not ordinal numbers

August 1, not August 1st

Do not separate month and year with a comma

January 1978

Use day of the week in invitations. In text, use a comma before and after the year in a fully listed date.

Commencement is on Sunday, June 5, 2011, on Main Hall Green.

days of the week

Capitalize; do not abbreviate unless to save space in a tabular format (then use three letters without periods)

Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat 

dean's list

Lowercase in all uses

decades  

The 1960s, the '70s, the mid-1900s

degrees

See academic degrees

departments

Capitalize only when using the full, formal department name (which includes either "Office of," "Office" or "Department of"):

Office of Admissions, Office of the Dean of Students, Department of Chemistry, Department of English, Campus Life Office

Do not capitalize shortened, informal names of academic or administrative departments (except language departments)

admissions, chemistry department, English department, communications

Capitalize names that are formal names for specific places

Warch Campus Center, Career Center, Center for Teaching and Learning, Counseling Services, Diversity Center, Health Services, International House, Volunteer and Community Service Center, Buchanan Kiewit Wellness Center

directions

Lowercase when indicating a compass direction, capitalize when designating a geographical region

Drive east on College Avenue and turn right on Drew Street.
The Lawrence Symphony Orchestra performed throughout the Midwest.

Diversity Center: home to the Office of Multicultural Affairs

Doctor (Dr.)

Only precedes the name of a person holding a medical degree. The abbreviation Ph.D. can be used behind one's name to signify an academic doctoral level degree

Jill Beck, Ph.D.

See academic degrees

Downer: see Milwaukee-Downer College, Jason Downer Commons

Draheim House (1959)

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E

e.g., i.e.,

e.g. means "for example" and is always followed by a comma; do not italicize
i.e. means "that is" or "in other words" and is always followed by a comma; do not italicize

ellipses ( … )

Treat as a three-letter word, with a space before and after the three periods. Do not use ellipses at the beginning and the end of direct quotes.

em dash (—)

Used to set off an amplifying or explanatory statement, or to indicate a sudden break in thought; do not use spaces around an em dash

Lawrence University celebrated its 150th year—its sesquicentennial—in 1997.

The use of an em dash is an exception to AP style

email

No hyphen, lower case, except at the beginning of a sentence

emeriti

emerita = feminine singular
emeritae = feminine plural
emeritus = masculine singular
emeriti = masculine plural
emeriti is also considered to be gender-inclusive for a group including males and females

en dash (–)  

Used to connect numbers and words; it signifies “up to,” “including” or “through”; no spaces come before or after an en dash

Please join us on Friday, 10 a.m.–2 p.m., for the seminar.
Reunion Weekend is June 11–13.
The students were asked to study chapters 9–12.
His years on the board, 1987–2011, resulted in several new initiatives.
The Vikings football team beat Ripon 49–3.

If the word "from" or "between" precedes the first element, do not use an en dash. Insert the word "to" instead.
        
She studied at the London Centre from September to November.

If, in a compound adjective, one of the elements consists of two words, use and en dash in place of a hyphen

Post–Civil War period
Academy Award–nominated film

The use of an en dash is an exception to AP style

events

Capitalize formal events of the college year

Convocation, Commencement, Baccalaureate, Fall Visit Day, Fall Festival, Reunion Weekend

extension

In text abbreviate, lower case:

ext.;

use a comma to separate the main telephone number from the extension

920-555-1212, ext. 25

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F

faculty/staff

Singular nouns, referring to a group

The faculty is debating the issue.

To make plural, use faculty members or staff members.

The staff members are in agreement on the issue.

Note: staff is, staff members are

Founders Club

fraternities

Beta Theta Pi, Delta Tau Delta, Phi Kappa Tau, Sigma Phi Epsilon

Freshman Studies

Italicize, always

fundraising, fundraiser

One word in all cases

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G

genus, species

Whether in text or a list, the Latin names of plants and animals are italicized; capitalize the genus name, lowercase the species name

Homo sapiens, Tyrannosaurus rex.

In second references, use the abbreviated form:

P. borealis, T. rex.

The use of italics is an exception to AP style

GLOW (Gay, Lesbian or Whatever): Student organization for gay, bisexual, lesbian and transgendered persons

Green Roots

Guest House

gymnasiums: see Alexander Gymnasium, Buchanan Kiewit Wellness Center

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H

Hiett Hall (2003)

home page

two words

Hulbert House (1908)

hyphen (-)

When a compound modifier—two or more words that express a single concept—precedes a noun, use hyphens to link all the words in the compound  

a third-quarter touchdown, a bluish-green dress, a fifth-year senior, 19th-century architecture, a well-known researcher

If, in a compound adjective, one of the elements consists of two words, use and en dash in place of a hyphen

Post–Civil War period
Academy Award–nominated film

The use of an en dash is an exception to AP style

Do not hyphenate adverbs ending in -ly

highly developed intelligence, liberally educated students 

Telephone numbers are separated by hyphens:

920-832-7000

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I

i.e.,: See e.g.,

International House (1900)

Internet

Capitalize

ITC: Information Technology Center

Italics

Italicize titles of books, plays, newspapers, magazines, operas, ships, movies, television shows, paintings, exhibits, CD titles, works of art, statues and musical compositions. Lawrence style is to italicize course names.

Freshman Studies and Senior Experience

The use of italics is an exception to AP style

its, it's

It's, with an apostrophe, is the contraction for it is.
Its,
 without an apostrophe, is the possessive form of the pronoun it.

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J

L

Lambda Sigma

National honorary society for sophomore men and women

Landis Health and Counseling Center (1966, relocated to Buchanan Kiewit Wellness Center 2010)

Landis Peabody Building (1966)

Lawrence Christian Fellowship (LCF)

Lawrence Fund
Capitalize Lawrence Fund in all instances

Matt's parents will make a gift to the Lawrence Fund in his honor.

Lawrence International (LI)

Lawrence University Community Council (LUCC)

Legacy Circle

library: See Seeley G. Mudd Library

London Centre

spelled Centre, not Center

Lucia Russell Briggs, second president of Milwaukee-Downer College

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M

Main Hall (1853)

mainstage

One word, no caps

movie titles

Italicize

The use of italics is an exception to AP style

majors

Lowercase

Jim is majoring in physics. She is a biology major. 

master class

Two words, lower case

master's degree

Lowercase, with apostrophe; when using the formal degree name use Master of Science

Memorial Chapel (1918, renovated 1993, 2009, 2010)

Brombaugh Organ, Opus 33 (1995)

Felgemaker Organ (1906, 1999)

Memorial Hall (renovated 2009); formerly Memorial Union

Milwaukee-Downer College

months

Spell out when using alone or with a year

When a phrase lists only a month and year do not separate with a comma

January 2011 was a very cold month.

When a month is used with a specific date, abbreviate only Jan., Feb., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov. and Dec.

Classes began on Monday, Sept. 12, 2011.

When a phrase refers to a month, day and year, set off with commas

The first football practice is Saturday, August 27, 2011

In tabular material use three-letter forms without a period

Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

Mortar Board

National honorary society for senior men and women

Mursell House (1889)

Music-Drama Center (1959)

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N

nonprofit

One word, no hyphen

numbers  

Spell out one through nine; use numerals for 10 and above; use commas in four-digit numbers

1,000 or 7,265

Spell out first through ninth when they indicate sequence in time or location

first base, the First Amendment, he was first in line.

Starting with 10th use figures. Spell out numbers, no matter how large, when they begin sentences (except when starting a sentence with a year).

Eight new players are on the football team
2011 was a very good year.

Do not use th, rd, or nd with numerals or dates

September 23, not September 23rd; second edition, not 2nd edition;

Exception

18th century, not eighteenth century

Do not use superscript:

18th century, not 18th century

Use numerals for sums of money, time of day, percentages, house numbers, years, days of the month, degrees of temperature, fractions, votes, scores, speeds, time of races, dimensions and serial numbers. Always use numerals when stating ages

My daughter is 24. His 17-year-old son is applying to Lawrence. They are 11 year olds. She is 5.

Do not use ciphers

$6, not $6.00.
11 a.m., not 11:00 a.m.

(Use noon and midnight, not 12 p.m. and 12 a.m.)

Room numbers: use figures and capitalize room when used with a figure

The meeting will take place in Main Hall Room 211

numerals, following names

Roman numerals following a name are not set off by commas

James Doe III

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O

organizations

Capitalize formal names

Lawrence University Alumni Association, Outdoor Recreation Club, Cantala, Biology Club, Lawrence International

Ormsby Hall (1889, renovated 1973)

Outdoor Recreation Club (ORC)

Outreach Programs

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P

parents

Identify parents of current or former students by the initial P and the class year(s) of the student(s)

Mr. and Mrs. James Doe, P '95 '97

percent

In text use numerals and spell out

1 percent, 2.5 percent (use decimals, not fractions). In a table or list the percentage symbol (%) is acceptable

Phi Beta Kappa

Honor society for seniors who have demonstrated superior scholarship

Pi Kappa Lambda

Music honor society

Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia

Men's music honorary society

Phi Sigma

Honor society in biology

phone numbers

Use dashes between all digit groupings; do not use parentheses around the area code         

To make a reservation call 920-555-1212.

Plantz Hall (1961; renovated 2011)

play titles

Italicize

The use of italics is an exception to AP style

possessives

Singular nouns not ending in s: Add 's  

the church's needs, the girl's toys, the horse's food, the ship's route, the VIP's seat, Butz's policies, the fox's den, the justice's verdict, Marx's theories, the prince's life, Xerox's profits

Singular proper names ending in s: Use only an apostrophe

Achilles' heel, Agnes' book, Ceres' rites, Descartes' theories, Dickens' novels, Euripides' dramas, Hercules' labors, Jesus' life, Jules' seat, Kansas' schools, Moses' law, Socrates' life, Tennessee Williams' plays, Xerxes' armies.

Singular common nouns ending in s: Add 's unless the word following begins with an s  

the hostess's invitation, the hostess' seat; the witness's answer, the witness' story

Plural nouns not ending in s: Add 's  

the alumni's contributions, women's rights.

Plural nouns ending in s: Add only an apostrophe  

the churches' needs, the girls' toys, states' rights

Proper nouns ending in s: Add apostrophe only

Chris' Senior Experience project was a study of zebrafish.

Nouns plural in form, singular in meaning: Add only an apostrophe

mathematics' rules, measles' effects, General Motors' profits, the United States' wealth

Nouns the same in singular and plural: Treat them the same as plurals, even if the meaning is singular

one corps' location, the two deer's tracks, the lone moose's antlers.

parenthesis

Place a period outside a closing parenthesis if the material inside is not a sentence (such as this fragment).

An independent parenthetical sentence takes a period before the closing parenthesis

(He passed the exam.)

Place the exclamation point or question mark inside the parentheses or brackets when the matter enclosed is an independent sentence forming no part of the preceding sentence, otherwise, outside.

President's Home (1904, renovated 2000)

Presidents of Lawrence College and Lawrence University

Pride: See GLOW

Q

quotation marks and end punctuation

Period and comma always go within quotation marks.
The dash, semicolon, question mark and exclamation point go within quotation marks when they apply to the quoted matter only. They go outside when they apply to the whole sentence.
The semicolon and colon are placed outside the quotation marks.

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R

Raymond House (1905)

Reunion

Capitalize only when referring to the official Lawrence University event

She came back to Lawrence for Reunion Weekend. The Class of 1961 celebrated its 50th reunion in 2011.

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S

Ellen C. Sabin, first president of Milwaukee-Downer College

Sabin House

Sage Hall (1917, renovated 1972)

Sampson House (1881)

Stephen Edward Scarff Memorial Visiting Professorship

Scarff House (1880): Residence of the Stephen Edward Scarff Memorial Visiting Professor

seasons

The four seasons are not capitalized when standing by themselves

Homecoming takes place in the spring.

Capitalize when part of proper names

Fall Term. Winter Carnival.

Seeley G. Mudd Library (1975)

semicolon

Use to indicate a greater separation of thought and information than a comma can convey but less than the separation a period would imply
Use to clarify a series:

He is survived by a son, John Smith, of Chicago; three daughters, Jane Smith, of Wichita, Kan., Mary Smith, of Denver, and Susan Kiefer, of Boston; and a sister, Mary Kate Ocker, of Omaha, Neb.

Senior Experience

Italicize, always

Shattuck Hall: Ruth Harwood Shattuck Hall of Music (1991)

Sigma Alpha Iota

Professional music fraternity for women.

SLUG: The Sustainable Lawrence University Gardens

song titles

Italicize

The use of italics is an exception to AP style

sororities

Delta Gamma, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma


SOUP: Student Organization for University Programming

speech titles

Italicize
The use of italics is an exception to AP style

States

Spell out names of states when they stand alone in text; use AP abbreviations (below) when used with the name of a city in text; use two-letter postal codes (below, in parens) in full addresses but never in text.

She grew up in Wisconsin, but later moved to New York.
He was born in Appleton, Wis., in 1975.

AP state abbreviations (postal abbreviations in parens)

Note: Never abbreviate Alaska (AK), Hawaii (HI), Idaho (ID), Iowa (IA), Maine (ME), Ohio (OH), Texas (TX) and Utah (UT) in text

Ala. (AL) R.I. (RI)
Ariz (AZ) S.C. (SC)
Ark. (AR) S.D. (SD)
Calif. (CA) Tenn. (TN)
Colo. (CO) Vt. (VT)
Conn. (CT) Va. (VA)
Del. (DE) Wash. (WA)
Fla. (FL) W.Va. (WV)
Ga. (GA) Wis. (WI)
Ill. (IL) Wyo. (WY)
Ind. (IN) Neb. (NE)
Kan. (KS) Nev. (NV)
Ky. (KY) N.H. (NH)
La. (LA) N.J. (NJ)
Md. (MD) N.M. (NM)
Mass. (MA) N.Y. (NY)
Mich. (MI) N.C. (NC)
Minn. (MN) N.D. (ND)
Miss. (MS) Okla. (OK)
Mo. (MO) Ore. (OR)
Mont. (MT) Pa. (PA)

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T

Teakwood Room

terms, academic

It is Lawrence style to capitalize as proper names the divisions of the academic year

Fall Term, Winter Term, Spring Term

that/which

That

is the restrictive pronoun; it serves to identify the noun preceding it.

The road that he took was narrow and rocky.

Which

is used with nonrestrictive clauses, which add information rather than define or limit what has gone before

The back road, which was straight and narrow, was the better choice.

The Lawrence Fund

Capitalize Lawrence Fund in all instances

Matt's parents will make a gift to the Lawrence Fund in his honor.

theatre

Not theater, except in certain proper names

Guthrie Theater

Thomas A. Steitz Hall of Science (2000)

time of day

use figures

11 a.m. (not 11:00 a.m.)
(Use noon and midnight, not 12 p.m. and 12 a.m.)

titles, academic, professional

Capitalize formal titles when they appear immediately before a name

Professor of History John Doe, President Mark Burstein
John Doe, professor of history, is my advisor.

Do not capitalize titles following a name unless it the title refers to a named professorial chair

John Doe, professor of history
John Doe, Robert S. French Professor of American Studies

Exception—In an invitation, program or poster it is permissible to capitalize academic and professional titles
Do not capitalize titles used without a proper name 

professor of history, dean of students

Use lowercase for words used as descriptions rather than as formal titles

classicist John Doe, pianist Susie Smith
I spoke with professor Doe about the final exam.

For rules related to academic and administrative departments, see "departments" above

titles

Italicize book titles, computer game titles, movie titles, opera titles, play titles, poem titles, album and song titles, radio and television program titles and the titles of lectures, speeches and works of art.
Italicize names of newspapers or journals, ships, spacecraft or airplanes. Capitalize

the

in a newspaper's name if that is the way the publication prefers to be known. Do not place name in quotes.
This is an exception to AP Style

titles of courses

Italicize Lawrence University course titles  

The Knowledge of Gender, Intermediate German II.

This is an exception to AP Style

Trever Hall (1963; renovated 2011)
Trivia: The Annual Great Midwest Trivia Contest
trustee

Capitalize when appearing before a name as a formal title  

Trustee Jane Doe '75 attended the fall board meeting
Jane Doe '75 is a trustee at Lawrence.

Capitalize when referring to Lawrence's governing body

The Board of Trustees met last week

Lowercase board when used alone:

The board met last week.

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V

W

Warch Campus Center (2009)

Web

Capitalize in reference to the World Wide Web

Web addresses

Lowercase; no period unless its at the end of a sentence; the prefixes http:// and www. are not necessary when referring to a website.

Web page

Two words, capitalize Web

website

One word, no caps; in addition webcam, webcast and webmaster

Whiting Field (1925)

Wilson House (1904)

Wriston Art Center (1989)

Youngchild Hall (1964, renovated 2001)

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Y

Years

Use figures, without commas:

She graduated in 1975.

When a phrase refers to a month, day and year, set off the year with a comma

Feb. 14, 1987, is the target date.

Use an

s

without an apostrophe to indicate spans of decades or centuries

the 1890s, the 1800s.

Use an apostrophe when figures are deleted

The home was built in the '70s.

Years are the lone exception to the general rule that a figure is not used to start a sentence

1976 was a very good year.

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