What kind of recording requests do you normally receive?

Mostly for graduate school auditions, summer music program auditions, competitions and personal projects.

Where can I record?

The Chapel (preferred), Shattuck 163, Shattuck 156 and the Jazz Room (for jazz combos). Recording in Harper Hall is not advised unless no other alternative is available. The Chapel is the only venue that has video recording capabilities.

How soon must I make reservations for my recording session(s)?

At least two weeks notice is appreciated. We reserve the right to turn down late requests.

I have a deadline to meet. When is the latest I can record?

It is advised to record no later than two or three days prior to your deadline. You need to take into consideration the time needed to select the tracks you wish to use on your final completed CD/DVD as well as the time needed to edit and master your recording.

I am interested in recording. What should I do next?

  1. Complete a Recording Session Request Form [PDF] (available at the Conservatory Office) and make reservations for your recording space of choice with Julia Jackson at the Conservatory Office (open Mon-Fri, 8am-12pm, 1pm-5pm during the academic year). Recording Services is not responsible for making room reservations with Julia at the Conservatory Office.
  2. Make sure to have on hand all the available dates and times of each member of your ensemble to book your recording session(s). Provide alternate dates to increase the possibility that you may be accommodated. Be sure to state your preference, if necessary.
  3. We will respond to your request by email to confirm your session(s). Your recording session(s) will be confirmed on a first come, first served basis and subject to venue and studio personnel availability.

How much time would I need for my recording session(s)?

Most people make reservations for two or more hours, depending on how much music is to be recorded. You may sometimes actually use less time than you had reserved.

Can I have more than one recording session?

Yes – Just make sure that your recording space of choice remains the same for the entire project.

Who will be my engineer?

Your engineer will be Larry Darling or Alvina Tan, depending on their availability at the time of your recording session. Be sure to state your preference if you have one.

Can I request a multi-track recording?

Yes – You should email us at recording@lawrence.edu with a complete list of all the instruments that will be recorded on separate tracks. You will also be charged for the time it takes to set up all equipment used for your multi-track recording.

Can I request a video recording?

Yes – We can record video (MP4 format). Video editing services are available at $30 per hour. Email us at recording@lawrence.edu to set up an appointment for video editing.

Alternatively, complimentary support for Lawrence student video projects is available in Main Hall 108 or Hurvis Center 013. To make an appointment to meet with a specialist for assistance with video editing projects, complete this form no later than five days before your deadline.

Can I edit/splice my audio recording?

Yes, as long as it is not explicitly mentioned in your audition recording instructions that editing is not allowed.

What if I wish to edit/splice my audio recording?

A separate appointment must be made with Larry Darling (Phone: 920-832-6882, Email: darlingl@lawrence.edu) for a time to edit and master your recording in the recording studio. The editing is usually done a day or two after your recording session. You should arrive prepared with your decision on all your final edits (measure numbers, track numbers, minutes and seconds) so studio time can be best spent on editing instead of deciding which takes to use. Download this PDF take sheet to help you organize your final edits.

What if I do not need to edit/splice my audio recording?

Email us at recording@lawrence.edu with the track number(s) in the order that you wish to have included on the final completed CD(s). You will be notified by email when your CD is ready for pick-up at the Conservatory Office.

What if I need more than one CD/DVD?

We will make as many copies of your CD/DVD as requested for a charge of $2 per CD, $5 per DVD and a duplication fee of $20/hour. Always remember to keep one copy for your own records.

What if I need CD/DVD labels?

Email us at recording@lawrence.edu with all the information you would like to have included on the CD/DVD label, e.g. full name, instrument or voice type, title(s) and composer(s) of repertoire (in track list order).

How much would the recording cost?

For Lawrence students, alumni and Academy students, the rate is $45 per hour for recording, editing and CD mastering. This excludes the charge of $2 per CD and 5% WI sales tax. You will receive an invoice with the breakdown of all recording costs.

How do I pay for my recording?

Lawrence students have the option to charge your recording cost to your student account (student ID number required) or to pay by check (payable to “Lawrence University”). All others must pay by check.

Can each member of my ensemble be billed separately?

No – One invoice will be provided for the whole ensemble. How you split the recording cost with the rest of your ensemble is entirely up to you.

When should I pay for my recording?

Full payment is due upon receipt of your final completed CD(s).

Some Frequently Used Audio Terminology

Two-track (stereo) recording
Two microphones are placed in strategically chosen locations relative to the sound source, with both microphones recording simultaneously to provide a stereo image.

Multi-track recording
Separate tracks are assigned to each instrument or section of the ensemble. These multiple tracks can be recorded at the same or different times. In the editing process, these separate tracks can be manipulated independently. When the editing is completed, the many tracks are typically mixed down into a two-track stereo format which can then be duplicated and distributed. The multi-tracking software used in our recording studio is Digidesign® Pro Tools|HD®. While the results are more exacting than a "straight to two-track" mix, the cost is considerably higher.

Editing/Splicing
Modifying a recorded audio track by adding, deleting, replacing, or rearranging segments (takes).

Equalization (EQ)
The adjustment of specific frequencies (bands) to alter the tonal balance or to remove unwanted frequencies.

Mastering
The final step in the recording process that enhances and technically prepares your recording (edited or unedited) for CD replication. EQ and other sophisticated audio processing techniques are used in the mastering process. Fine-tuning adjustments are made to the overall recording to help the project attain a particular "sound" and "feel". The audio balance and levels throughout the project are maximized and smoothed out for optimum playback level. Fade-ins, fade-outs, segues, and spacing between pieces/movements are created. Pieces/movements are sequenced into the intended playing order.

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