What are the factors that increase the risk of developing one or more of these conditions? While not every musculoskeletal condition can be avoided, there are certain lifestyle factors that will increase your risk:
Research has consistently shown that smoking reduces the blood supply to bones, slows the production of bone-forming cells (osteoblasts), decreases the absorption rate of calcium from one’s diet, and breaks down bone-building hormones in the body at a rapid pace. What’s more, smoking effects the other tissues that make up the musculoskeletal system,
including tendons, ligaments, and the muscles themselves.
Excess Soda or Alcohol Consumption
Excess soda consumption can also interfere with calcium absorption, a problem that over time could lead to osteoporosis. Likewise, alcohol can have the same effect, and also may lead to joint inflammation, especially for individuals who already suffer from arthritis.
Inadequate Calcium and Vitamin D Intake
Calcium and vitamin D work together, and are needed for the health of our bones, but also to help our muscles work properly. The absence of calcium and vitamin D from our diet causes the body to remove it from our bones and other tissues for use, which results in porous bone tissue– or bones that are brittle and weak.
Inadequate Physical Activity
The old saying- move it or lose it– is a very appropriate adage for musculoskeletal health. Without regular activity, muscle mass is diminished, bones are weakened, and the other tissues of the system become prone to injury or disease from lack of use.