Nicholas C. Maravolo
Department of Biology
Lawrence University
Appleton, WI 54911
(920) 832-6741

Curriculum Vitae


Ph.D., University of Chicago - 1966
S.M.,  University of Chicago - 1964
S.B.,  University of Chicago - 1962

Scholastic Honors

Hutchinson Fellow
University Fellow of University of Chicago
Society of Sigma Xi
Included in the eleventh edition of Who's Who Among American Teachers, 2007


Professor of Biology, 1983 - present
Associate Professor of Biology
       Lawrence University, 1975 - 1983
Assistant Professor of Biology
       Lawrence University, 1966 - 1975
Teaching Assistant
       University of Chicago, 1962 - 1966

Research Grants

Research Corporation:
1986-1988 - $15,000   Modulation of Amylolytic Activity
1982-1983 - $12,750   Growth regulator dynamics during reproduction in bryophytes
1976-1977 - $9,500    Gibberellin-Induced Amylase Activity in Bryophytes
1974 -      $4700
1973 -      $4650    Auxin Transport in Bryophytes
1972 -      $3100

National Academy of Sciences - 1973 - $400

Sigma Xi - 1973 - $350

COSIP - NSF - 1967 - $2800 - Bryophyte Development

Research Interests

Experimental Bryology, especially growth regulator physiology

Neotropical and Arid Zone plant ecology.
Exogenous and endogenous role of polyamines in development, especially during senescence in the liverwort, Marchantia polymorpha.

Qualitative and quantitative protein changes associated with senescence in Marchantia.

Description of the signal transduction cascades controlling the onset of senescence in Marchantia.

Cellular ultrastructure changes during senescence in Marchantia.

Fragmentation of DNA during the onset of senescence in Marchantia.

Community structure analysis of bryophytes and vascular plants in Wisconsin's forest and prairie and forest habitats.

Physiological ecology of arid and tropical zone habitats.

Professional Affiliations

American Association of Plant Physiologists
American Bryological and Lichenological Society

Outside Activities  (discipline, education and research oriented)

Committee on Education, Botanical Society of America, 1971-1973.
Secretary-Treasurer, Bryological Section, Botanical Society of America. 1980-1983.
Chairman, 1982 Annual Meetings of the Wisconsin Academy Sciences, Arts and Letters.


Botanical Gazette
American Journal of Botany
Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters.
The Bryologist


State of Wisconsin, Department of Natural Resources, Attorney General's Office
East-Central Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission
City of Appleton, Growth Study Committee
Pine Ledges, Incorporated
Bubolz Nature Center
Mosquito Hill Nature Center
Herrling, Clark-Hartzheim and Siddall, Ltd.
Robinson, Smith & Robinson
Peter Mero
Memorial Park Arboretum and Gardens


Maravolo, N.C., and P.D. Voth, 1966. Morphogenetic Effects of Three Growth Substances on Marchantia Gemmalings. Bot. Gaz. 127:79-86.

Maravolo, N.C., and E.D. Garber, and P.D. Voth, 1967. Biochemical Changes during Sexual Development in Marchantia polymorpha: I Esterases. Amer. J. Bot. 54:1113-1117.

Binns, A.N. and N.C. Maravolo, 1973.  Apical dominance polarity, and adventitious growth in Marchantia polymorpha.  Amer. Jour. Bot.  59:691-696.

Reynolds, A.C. and N.C. Maravolo, 1973. Phenolic compounds associated with development in the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha. Amer. Jour. Bot.  

Dawes, D.S. and N.C. Maravolo, 1973. Isolation and characteristics of a possible allelopathic factor supporting the dominant role of Hieracium aurantiacum in the bracken- grasslands of Northern Wisconsin. Transaction of the Wisconsin Academy of  Sciences, Arts and Letters. 261:235-251.

Spaeth, S.C. and N.C. Maravolo, 1973. Partial purification and characterization of an auxin-degrading enzyme in the liverwort Marchantia polymorpha. Bot. Gaz. 134:274-282.

Melstrom, C.E., N.C. Maravolo, and J.R. Stroemer, 1974.  Endogenous gibberellins in  Marchantia polymorpha and their possible physiological role in thallus elongation and orthogeotropic growth. The Bryologist  77:33-40.

Rota, J.A. and N.C. Maravolo, 1975. Transport and mobilization of 14C-sucrose during  regeneration in the hepatic Marchantia polymorpha. Bot. Gaz.  136:184-188.

Albertine, K.H., N.C. Maravolo and H. Kaustinen, 1976. Effects of gibberellin and several growth retardants on plastid ultrastructure in the hepatic Marchantia polymorpha. The Bryologist. 79:22-34.

Maravolo, N.C., 1976. Polarity and localization of auxin movement in the hepatic, Marchantia polymorpha. Amer. Jour. Bot. 63:526-531.

Maravolo, N.C., W.J. Otto, and W.C. Krueger, 1976. The influence of cytokinin and  gibberellin and auxin mobilization: Its role in regeneration and apical dominance in Marchantia polymorpha. Bot. Gaz. 137:231-236.

Fritz, R.J., L.M. Libera and N.C. Maravolo, 1978. An Ordination of Terricolous and Saxicolous bryophytes and Cactus Rock, Waupaca County, Wisconsin.  Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci. Arts and Letters. 66:54-67.

Maravolo, N.C. 1980. Control of development in hepatics. Bull. Torrey Botanical Club. 107:308-324.

Maravolo, N.C., D.J. Gaal and S.J. Dufresne, 1982. On the control of endogenous auxin levels in Marchantia polymorpha. Jour. Hattori Bot. Lab. 53:229-238.

Gaal, D.J., S.J. Dufresne and N.C. Maravolo, 1982. Transport of 14C-indoleacetic acid in  the hepatic, Marchantia polymorpha. The Bryologist  85:410-418.

Maravolo, N.C., F.D. Bowers and S. Freckmann, 1983. The second annual midwest  bryological foray. The Bryologist  86:278-279.

Loomis, Paul D. and N.C. Maravolo, 1985. Modulation of amylolytic activity by gibberellin in the hepatic, Marchantia polymorpha. The Bryologist 88:65-68.

Maravolo, N.C. 1985. Plants prepare for winter too. Friends of Mosquito Hill Newsletter  11:3.

Maravolo, N. 1990. Birth of a Prairie. Friends of Mosquito Hill Newletter 16:3 & 4.

Stanislaus, R. C. and N. C. Maravolo. 1994. The Influence of Polyamines on Senescence  in Marchantia polymorpha.  The Bryologist 97:162-165.

LaBelle, J.l., K.G. Dutton, and N.C. Maravolo. 1997. The Influence of Ethylene and Spermine on Phosphatase Activity During Senescence in Marchantia polymorpha. International Journal of Plant Science. 158: 552-555.

Smith, M.A. and N.C. Maravolo.  2004. The Influence of Spermine on the In situ Expression of a Protein Kinase Associated with Senescence in Marchantia  polymorpha Thalli. Int. J. Plant Sci. 165: 745-751.

J.J. Seaman, R.E. Mueller, and N.C. Maravolo. 2005. The Expression of Cytosolic Protein Kinase C Activity in Marchantia polymorpha Thalli and It’s Relationship to Spermine During Programmed Cell Death.  The Bryologist 108:110-117.

D.A. Pagoria and N.C. Maravolo. 2005. DNA Fragmentation in Marchantia polymorpha Thalli in Response to Spermine Treatment. Int. J. Plant Sci. 166:589-594.

M.J. Koeberl and N.C. Maravolo 2006. The Influence of Spermine and 6-benzylaminopurine on Putative Caspase Activity During Senescence in Marchantia polymorpha Thalli. Int. J. Plant Sci. 167:1115-1122.

Frett, Terrance J., Matthew J. Frelich and Nicholas C. Maravolo.  2013. The influence of spermine and hydrogen peroxide on programmed cell death in tuberculate rhizoids of Marchantia polymorpha. The Bryologist 116: 134-145.

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