Please note: The information displayed here is current as of Wednesday, June 20, 2018, but the official Course Catalog should be used for all official planning.
This catalog was created on Wednesday, June 20, 2018.
|Associate professors:||M. Allan, R. Tapia (chair)|
|Assistant professor:||T. Jimenez-Anglada|
|Instructors:||J. Baker, C. Herrera|
Offerings in the Spanish department include a wide range of courses in the Spanish language, as well as in the cultures and literatures of Spain and Latin America. All readings, audiovisual materials, class discussions, and written work are in Spanish, unless specified otherwise in course descriptions. At the advanced level (SPAN 300, 400, 500), students examine significant linguistic and cultural issues through a content-based curriculum. This requires rigorous academic work that involves intensive reading, writing, listening, and speaking in Spanish. The program prepares students for successful careers in foreign language teaching, bilingual education, government, business, advertising, communications, and a variety of positions in the global marketplace. Some of our alumni pursue graduate study in languages and literature, law, medicine, international relations, public policy, and social work, among other fields. Spanish is already the second language of business in the United States. The advanced level of competence and knowledge gained by Spanish majors (often complemented by another area of specialization) not only prepares graduates for fruitful careers in various professional fields, but also develops their awareness as global citizens.
Students who graduate with a major in Spanish acquire the following skills and knowledge:
- an appropriately high ability to communicate in Spanish;
- knowledge of different Spanish-speaking cultures through their literatures, visual arts, films, and other cultural artifacts;
- the capability to establish connections with additional bodies of knowledge, cultures, and peoples;
- the ability to make comparisons between Spanish and their native language, as well as between various Spanish-speaking cultures and their own;
- in short, the capacity to communicate and to participate critically in multilingual communities.
These goals represent what are known as the 5c’s in national standards, which Spanish majors attain through the study of Latin American and Peninsular literatures and cultures (both textual and audiovisual). This program of study requires an appropriately high competency in the Spanish language. To this end, all class discussions, assignments, and examinations are conducted in Spanish, except where specified.
Students interested in taking Spanish for the first time at Lawrence are required to take a placement examination. Students will be placed in courses according to their grade in the placement test. At the course level of 300 and above, students should be mindful of the prerequisites to take a particular course and need to consult with a Spanish instructor before registering for the course. At whatever level students place, they should plan to begin their study of Spanish in the freshman or sophomore year.
Foreign Language Competency GER
As part of its General Education Requirements, Lawrence requires all students to attain a foreign language competency at the minimum level equivalent to three college terms of study (i.e. equivalent to successful completion of SPAN 201). Students can satisfy this requirement with one of the following options:
- Successfully completing all, or appropriate sections of, the SPAN 101-102-201 sequence, depending on the results of the Lawrence placement examination in Spanish.
- For students taking Spanish for the first time at Lawrence, placing above the level of SPAN 201 on the Lawrence placement examination in Spanish; and providing additional proof of competence (contact departmental chairperson for details). NOTE: this option satisfies the language requirement, but carries no additional academic credit.
- obtaining the score equivalent to the level of second year on the CLEP examination in Spanish. NOTE: the CLEP satisfies the language requirement, but carries no additional academic credit. Placing below the second year level will require taking the Lawrence placement test before being allowed to enroll in Spanish courses; CLEP at the level equivalent to one year's college work is sufficient for Music Conservatory majors.
- obtaining a score of 630 or higher on the SAT II Spanish or Spanish with Listening exam; NOTE: this option satisfies the language requirement, but carries no additional academic credit; placing below 630 level will require taking the Lawrence placement test before being allowed to enroll in Spanish courses
- obtaining a score of 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement (AP) examination in Spanish Language or Spanish Literature. This option satisfies the requirement and carries credit equivalent to one 6unit course. The AP Literature examination with a score of 4 or 5 will be transferred as part of the Spanish major / Minor as equivalent to Spanish 320 Introduction to Literary texts. The AP Language and Culture examination with a score of 4 or 5 will be transferred as part of the Spanish major / Minor as equivalent to a Spanish 300-level course.
- obtaining a score of 6 or higher on the Spanish International Baccalaureate Examination at the advanced level; this option satisfies the requirement and carries credit equivalent to one 6 unit course.
Note: Lawrence University does not conduct the CLEP, SAT, AP, or IBO examinations. They can be taken at numerous authorized centers on a fee basis.
Required for the Spanish major
Ten standard courses (or a minimum of 60 units) above SPAN 202, including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, four 500-level courses, and four electives. These can include one 300-level course. The remaining electives must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship and up to six units from approved courses outside the department, chosen from the following offerings:
- ARHI 230: Baroque Art
- ARHI 270/271: Latin American Visual Art
- EDUC 563: Foreign Language Methods
- HIST 155: Gender in Latin American History 1490-1800
- HIST 178: Colonial Latin American History
- HIST 179: Modern Latin American History
- HIST 260: Culture and Power in Renaissance Europe
- HIST 261: Rebellion and Discipline in Reformation Europe
- HIST 371: The Rise and Fall of American Empires
- HIST 374: Visions of the Conquest
- HIST 378: Ethnicity in Latin America
- HIST 422: Revolt and Revolution in Latin America
- LING 150: Introduction to Linguistics
- ENG 150: Literary Analysis
- Approval of the completed Senior Experience: Spanish Multimedia Portfolio.
- A grade average of C is required for the major. At least four of the advanced Spanish courses must be taken on the Appleton campus.
Required for the Spanish minor
Six standard courses (or a minimum of 36 units) above SPAN 202, including one 300-level course, one 400-level course, two 500-level courses, and two electives. These can include one 300-level course. The remaining elective must be taken at the 400-level and above. They may include up to six units of internship or up to six units from approved courses outside the department. A grade average of C is required for the minor. At least three of the advanced Spanish courses must be taken on the Appleton campus.
The Spanish department offers a course of study that prepares its majors to teach Spanish at the elementary and secondary level. Students interested in becoming licensed to teach Spanish, K-12, should plan to complete the major and should consult with the Education department about certification requirements.
The Spanish department strongly advises majors and minors to participate in off-campus programs in Latin America or Spain to fulfill program requirements and complement departmental offerings. Non-majors with sufficient linguistic preparation are also encouraged to participate in sponsored programs. Lawrence University offers a variety of off-campus courses in various disciplines, such as Biology, Psychology, Government, Art, History, Music, etc. Please contact the department chair or the off-campus programs office for additional information.
At the beginning and intermediate levels, courses are numbered to indicate relative difficulty. Courses numbered 101-201 are primarily language courses and require the least proficiency in Spanish. They introduce students to the most important grammatical concepts and linguistic skills, making gradual progress to an intermediate level of competency. Any SPAN 200-level class satisfies the General Education Requirement in Foreign Language Competency. SPAN 202 is a gateway course to advanced offerings in the major. It provides intensive practice in the linguistic and analytic skills that students will need to succeed in subsequent classes. Courses numbered in the 300s provide linguistic development through the study of specific academic subjects (literature, media, linguistics). They introduce the student to the analyses of literature, film, media, and advanced grammatical concepts. The 400-level courses provide continued practice in linguistic and academic skills through the exploration of a variety of cultural, socio-political, artistic and literary topics. Courses at the 500-level are seminars for advanced majors. They explore a variety of topics and materials pertinent to our faculty’s fields of research and expertise. Students are expected to participate fluently in high-level academic discussions and produce superior scholarly work appropriate for this last stage in their education.
Capstone courses (600s) allow students to delve into highly advanced topics that connect with the contents of SPAN 500-level courses. They bring together all the areas of knowledge and proficiency in order to research a particular issue in depth. Other tutorial studies and independent projects can be pursued in courses numbered in the 390s and 590s, subject to faculty availability and approval by the chair of the department.
Native speakers are strongly encouraged to only take Spanish courses above 400; they will only be allowed to take 300-level courses with instructor’s approval. Note: The department does not offer DS/Tutorials/IS below the 300-level.
Senior Experience in Spanish
The Spanish Department’s Senior Experience consists of a Multimedia Portfolio that provides measurable evidence demonstrating that students have developed the intellectual qualities, knowledge and linguistic skills essential to their future success. The portfolio is a requirement for completion of the major. It presents a collection of evidence sufficient to prove that a student has achieved the learning goals established by the program. The portfolio also serves as a measure of students’ steady progress towards those goals by allowing comparisons between early class assignments (audio or written) and later ones, so that students can gauge their improvement and focus on the development of specific skills. Students are encouraged to provide a title for their portfolio that is appropriate and descriptive of its content.
Students pursuing double majors, double degrees, and education certification are strongly encouraged to consult with their advisors and department chairs to plan their overall senior experience as early as possible, especially if they are interested in pursuing an interdisciplinary capstone that integrates both majors, or combines their student teaching with a project in their major.
Spanish majors are required to submit their multimedia portfolio in the required format to the Spanish Department by Friday of the third week of their final term at Lawrence. Spanish faculty members assigned by the chairperson will assess the portfolio and communicate the outcome of their evaluation to the students by the seventh week of the term. Unapproved portfolios must be revised and resubmitted before the last day of classes in order for students to graduate.
The portfolio must include the following components:
- A cover letter*, in Spanish, which will specify the following:
- an Individualized Portfolio Theme,
- a description of the content of the portfolio
- a reflective statement (in Spanish) of at least two pages, in which the student
- evaluates his/her development during the years as Spanish majors,
- justifies the selection of materials for the portfolio,
- links the samples to their interests, and
- reflects on the improvement gained throughout their careers at LU.
*This part of the portfolio is expected to be error free
- A list of the courses completed for the major.
- A minimum of 15 pages written in Spanish from 3 different courses of the student’s choice at the 300-level and above. One of the three samples must be in the condition in which it was originally submitted, while the other two must be revised and thoroughly edited in order to reflect the student’s current level of proficiency.
- Two spoken samples (two-minutes each) prepared and recorded independently by the student in a computer lab.
- Audio Sample 1: A reading of a text in Spanish
- Audio Sample 2: A presentation with the recommended multimedia software (see Moodle site).
This presentation must be about an off-campus experience such as a study abroad, internship or immersion program away from the Appleton campus (at a Spanish-speaking location or internship assignment). It should include no fewer than 5 student-taken photos, accompanied by a recorded, voice-over commentary in Spanish done by the student. Students will use their own visuals (photos or short video clips), whenever possible. No third-party visual materials (e.g., photos from commercial guidebooks, or other people's photos from Flickr or Facebook) may be used as part of the project. After the presentation is submitted and approved, it will become part of a rotating showcase of students’ experiences made available to on- and off- campus communities through departmental or Senior Experience websites.
The entire portfolio must be presented in electronic format through the required channels. Students should familiarize themselves with these departmental requirements at the time of declaring the major. Important: Students must register for take an Independent Study for one (1) unit (S/U) with their assigned faculty evaluator during the term when they will submit their Portfolio.
Courses - Spanish
SPAN 101: Beginning SpanishAn introduction to the Spanish five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and individual lab practice. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 102: Beginning SpanishA continuation of Spanish 101 with intensive practice in the Spanish five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and individual lab practice. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 191: Directed Study in SpanishAn individual or small-group study directed towards the acquisition of knowledge or specific skills, not research or creative work. Directed studies are not a substitute for existing courses but opportunities to pursue pertinent introductory topics that clearly fall under the field of expertise of a faculty member in the department.
SPAN 195: Internship In SpanishAn opportunity for students to apply their Spanish language and culture skills in business, government and the non-profit sector. National or international internships are coordinated between the Office of Career Services and the Spanish faculty who acts as supervisor. In order to earn academic credit, internships must meet the required guidelines and receive prior approval from the Spanish chairperson. Credit requirements may include readings, discussions, and a report and/or portfolio. The faculty supervisor determines the submission calendar for internship-related assignments.
SPAN 200: Intensive Spanish 1, 2, and 3A concentrated six-week Spanish class encompassing from the beginning to the intermediate level. The course provides intensive practice of the five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and guided lab practice. Selected readings, written assignments and discussions serve to further develop linguistic and analytical skills. Completion of this course is the equivalent of SPAN 101, 102, and 201. Offered in the summer term only. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 201: Intermediate SpanishA continuation of Spanish 102. This intermediate course provides intensive practice in the Spanish five language skills (understanding, speaking, reading, writing and culture) through task-based classroom instruction and individual lab practice. Selected readings, written assignments and discussions serve to further develop linguistic and analytic skills in Spanish at the intermediate level. This course may not be taken on a Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory basis.
SPAN 202: Intermediate SpanishA bridge between intermediate and advanced Spanish courses. The class provides comprehensive practice of all language skills with emphasis on achieving control of most structures, considerable breadth of vocabulary, and appropriate communicative competence. Selected readings, written assignments and discussions serve to further develop the linguistic and analytic skills needed for advanced study in Spanish.
SPAN 316: Gender, Politics, and Current Events in SpainA critical analysis and discussion of recent and current events in Spain with a focus on issues of gender and sexuality, immigration, and nationalism. Students study and present on topics that affect Spanish society today by reading, watching and listening to a variety of media sources, articles and theoretical readings.
SPAN 320: Introduction to Literary TextsAn introduction to the critical analysis of texts that represent various periods, genres and authors in Latin American and Spanish literature. Readings of texts and theory, class discussions and composition tasks prepare students for other advanced courses in the Spanish program.
SPAN 326: Narrative Writing in SpanishA course on writing in Spanish focused on narrative non-fiction, especially journalism and memoir. The course will be organized in a workshop-style, where students will share and critically engage with their peers’ writing. Readings will include contemporary journalism from Latin American and Spain. The course will build toward a final project in which students will write their own work of narrative journalism or memoir.
SPAN 345: Advanced Grammar StudiesIn-depth study of grammar, syntax, and composition that builds on concepts learned in the intermediate courses. Problem areas, particularly at the advanced level of the language, are studied systematically. Course does not count towards the humanities general education requirement for B.A. and B.A./B.Mus. students.
SPAN 350: Introduction to Spanish LinguisticsThis course offers an introduction to linguistics based on data from Spanish. We study the sound system of Spanish, the structure of its words, and how its sentences are formed and interpreted. We also consider how Spanish has changed over time and how it differs depending on where it is spoken. Written assignments and exams.
SPAN 390: Tutorial Studies in SpanishTopic of study will be determined by the student’s interest and the availability of a faculty member who has the necessary expertise. Tutorials are not substitutes for courses but opportunities to pursue topics suggested by courses.
SPAN 391: Directed Study in SpanishAn individual or small-group study directed towards the acquisition of knowledge or specific skills, not research or creative work. Directed studies are not a substitute for existing courses but opportunities to pursue pertinent topics that clearly fall under the field of expertise of a faculty member in the department.
SPAN 395: Internship In SpanishAn opportunity for students to apply their Spanish language and culture skills in business, government and the non-profit sector. National or international internships are coordinated between the Office of Career Services and the Spanish faculty who acts as supervisor. In order to earn academic credit, internships must meet the required guidelines and receive prior approval from the Spanish chairperson. Credit requirements may include readings, discussions, and a report and/or portfolio. The faculty supervisor determines the submission calendar for internship-related assignments.
SPAN 399: Independent Study in SpanishAn independent and thorough investigation of a topic of the student's choice, carried out in consultation with an instructor. The Spanish department chair must approve all independent studies in Spanish in advance.
SPAN 406: Cultures of the CaribbeanAn introduction to the literature and art of the Hispanophone Caribbean. Reading works ranging from the nineteenth century to the present, we will study how the culture of the Caribbean has chronicled and been shaped by the forces of slavery, capitalism and imperialism.
SPAN 407: Spanish in the U.S.A first approach to the study of Spanish in the United States through different lenses, including (but not limited to) the history of Spanish and its speakers in the U.S., a demographic overview of its varieties, sociopolitical factors surrounding its use, linguistic phenomena resulting from contact with English, and educational approaches to learning Spanish as a heritage language. Written assignments and exams.
SPAN 410: Gender, Politics, and Current Events in Latin AmericaA critical analysis of current events in Latin America with a focus on gender and political issues. Through films, magazine articles, fiction, and selected radio and television broadcasts from Latin America, students will study major events that relate and give expression to the cultural mores of Latin Americans within the realm of gender and politics. The course allows students to continue to develop their oral communication skills in the target language and, with a wide range of topics and interests, to work toward an understanding of gender issues and political events that have shaped and transformed Latin America.
SPAN 420: Comedia: Theory and PerformanceAn introduction to the major playwrights of early modern Spain and Latin America. Readings include plays, interludes, contemporary dramatic theory, and historical accounts of performance practices. Discussion topics include the ethics of theatrical performance, the construction of gender on stage, and the place of the comedia in the emergent empire.
SPAN 425: Latin American Visual ArtThe course introduces the cultures of Latin America through a survey of its major movements and artists from the early 19th century to the present. Image-based lectures will be accompanied by discussion of visual and thematically related texts (i.e., biographies, letters, scholarly articles) and carefully selected fragments of videos.
SPAN 426: Latin American Visual Art (in English)The course introduces the cultures of Latin America through a survey of its major movements and artists from the early 19th century to the present. Image-based lectures will be accompanied by discussion of visual and thematically related texts (i.e., biographies, letters, scholarly articles) and carefully selected fragments of videos. Taught in English.
SPAN 430: Introduction to FilmAn introduction to the critical analysis of Latin American and Spanish film. Selected films represent various countries, genres and directors from Latin America and Spain. Readings of relevant film theory, class discussions and composition tasks prepare students for other advanced courses in the Spanish program.
SPAN 466: Latin@ Studies (in English)This course covers the main cultural issues in Latin@ communities. It concentrates on the Latin@s of the United States, the definitions of these communities, and their cultural expressions. Through theoretical materials as well as literature, film, historical documents, testimony, etc., this course addresses a variety of subjects related to Latin@ culture. Taught in English.
SPAN 470: Visions of ConquestThis course explores the diverse accounts of the Spanish conquest of Latin America presented in contemporary historical writings and European and indigenous cultural artifacts. This course is held concurently with HIST 274. Lectures and discussions are in English, but reading and writing assignments are in Spanish. Students who wish to work only in English should register for HIST 374.
SPAN 485: Latin American Urban Cultures - Buenos AiresUrban cultures express the transformations of a globalized world. Taking the Buenos Aires case as its focus, the course analyzes the cultural production from, of, and about the city, from multiple perspectives, in order to achieve an understanding of the issues facing Latin American urban spaces in the 21st century.
SPAN 510: Survey of Peninsular Spanish I: Medieval, Renaissance, and BaroqueAn introduction to Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque Spanish literature, culture, and society. Reading and discussion of poetry, prose, and theatre from Spain in their historical and cultural contexts. Introduction to basic concepts of literary theory. Texts, discussion, and written assignments in Spanish. Additional materials such as films and paintings may be used for class discussions in order to contextualize readings.
SPAN 512: The (En)Gendering of Modern Spain: Gender and National Narratives from Romanticsm to the Avant-gardeA thematic analysis of Spanish literature and selected visual art from the Romantic period to the 1936 civil war. The course focuses on the connection between various artistic representations of gender and their (re)production or defiance of national narratives. Readings include works by renowned authors like Emilia Pardo Bazan and Federico Garcia Lorca, as well as avant-garde films and paintings by Luis Buñuel, Salvador Dali and Pablo Picasso.
SPAN 513: Translation in Context: the Theory, History, and Practice of Spanish TranslationThis course surveys the theory, history and practice of Spanish translation. In it, students acquire the knowledge and basic skills required for translation between Spanish and English while becoming acquainted with the history of translation. Course readings introduce relevant philosophical and political debates.
SPAN 514: Reading the Border: Gender, Texts and PerformanceThis course will focus on textual and cultural (re)presentations—including narratives, performance, film, photography and genre-defying texts—of the Central American-Mexio-U.S. borders, where spaces, race, violence and ethnicity become gendered. The course will cover the mid-1980s until contemporary times, a period tempered by the events of 9/11, as well as more recent political discourses focused on the border. Seminar with papers and a final project.
SPAN 515: Ruining the Imaginary of Paradise: Eco-Criticism in the Spanish-Speaking CaribbeanThis seminar examines the history and cultural expressions of the Spanish-speaking Caribbean--both the insular and the continental areas--from an eco-critical perspective. Parting from the so-called discovery, conquest and colonization and moving thorugh slavery, independence and postcolonial movements, the course provides an account of the exploitative processes of imperial powers that have imagined the Caribbean as a tropical paradise. Lecture/discussion with papers.
SPAN 520: Survey of Latin American Literature IA study of texts from Pre-Columbian and Spanish-speaking cultures from the 15th to 19th centuries, the period of “discovery writing” of Spanish colonies in Latin America, focusing on development and elaboration of genres and on the search for cultural and political emancipation from Spain.
SPAN 535: Topics in Literature and CultureTopics for special study in Spanish of Peninsular and Latin American literatures and cultures. Topics in this series vary from year to year, according to students’ and instructor’s needs and interests. The course may be repeated with consent of the instructor, if the topic has changed. Taught in Spanish.
Topic for Fall 2017: Orientalism in Latin America
Though often associated with European imperialism, orientalism has also played an important role in the history of Latin American literature and art. From D. F. Sarmiento to Octavio Paz, major literary figures in Latin America have written about Asia and participated in Orientalizing discourses. Students in this course will analyze the ideology of orientalism and explore how it is transformed when used among formerly colonized societies through papers and presentations.